The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please Note: Nothing on this website should be taken as anti-Church. I am not anti-anything or anyone. I am only pro-Torah and pro-Truth. Sometimes the Truth upsets our long-held beliefs. Why isn’t my theology consistent throughout this website?

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Beit Midrash
(House of Learning)

Beit Midrash Index  •  Vocabulary Matters

Books of the Bible

Transliterated Hebrew Names

Torah (Teaching)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
B’resheet Genesis In [the] Beginning The book of beginning
Shemot Exodus Names The Book of Redemption
V’yakra Leviticus And He Called Works & Ministry
B’midbar Numbers In the Desert Wilderness Wandering
Devarim Deuteronomy [These are the] Words (or Things) The Repetition of Torah

Nevi’im (Prophets)

Nevi’im Rishonim (Early Prophets)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Yehoshua Joshua Yah Saves Warfare & Victory
Shoftim Judges Judges Adonai Raise up Judges
Shmuel Aleph First Samuel Heard by God - One Transition & establishment of Monarchy
Shmuel Bet Second Samuel Heard by God - Two
M’lakhim Alef First Kings Kings - One History of the
Kings & Kingdoms
(Evangelical Prophet)
M’lakhim Bet Second Kings Kings - Two

Nevi’im Acharonim (Later Prophets)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Yesha’yahu Isaiah Yah is Salvation Oracles, prophecies
Yirmi’yahu Jeremiah Yah Lifts Up Activities of Prophet in Exile in Babylon
Y’chezki’el Ezekiel God Strengthens  

Shneim-‘Asar (The Twelve)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Hoshea Hosea Yah Save  
Yo’el Joel Yah is God Compassion of Yahweh; HaShem's Grace
‘Amos Amos Burden Bearer Judgment &
Kingdom of God
‘Ovadyah Obadiah Servant (Worshipper)
of Yah
Yonah Jonah Dove  
Mikhah Micah Who is Like Yah Shortened of “Mikhayah”
Nachum Nahum Comforter  
Havakuk Habakkuk Embracer  
Tz’fanyah Zephaniah Yah Hides  
Chagai Haggai My Feast  
Z’kharyah Zechariah Yah Remembers  
Mal’akhi Malachi My Messenger  

K’tuvim (Writings)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
T’hillim Psalms Praises  
Mishlei Proverbs My Rule/Wisdom Proverbs & Parables
Iyov Job Hostility  

The Five Megillot (Scrolls)

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Shir HaShirim Song of Solomon The Song of Songs  
Rut Ruth Chained/Welded a Moabite word
Eikhah Lamentations How?  
Kohelet Ecclesiastes Community  
Ester Esther Myrtle Tree Babylonian: “a star”


Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Dani’el Daniel God is My Judge  
Ezra Ezra Help  
Nechemyah Nehemiah Yah Comforts  
Divrei-HaYamim Aleph First Chronicles Word of the Ages - One  
Divrei HaYamim Bet Second Chronicles Word of the Ages - Two  

Deterocanonical (Apocryphal) Books

(Not in the Canon)
Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
  Esther (Greek)    
  Wisdom of Solomon    
Makabim Aleph First Maccabees Hammers One  
Makabim Bet SecondMaccabees Hammers Two  
  First Esdras    
  Prayer of Manassas    
  Psalm 151    
Makabim Gimel Third Maccabees Hammers Three  
  Second Esdras    
Makabim Dalet Fourth Maccabees Hammers Four  
  Daniel (Greek)    

Ketuvei HaShalichim
(The Apostolic Writings)

The Good News of the Kingdom

Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Mattityahu ha’Levi Matthew Gift of Yah the Levite Yeshua as Mashiach HaMelech ben David
Mordechai Mark Little Man Yeshua as Servant
Uri Luke Light Yeshua as the Perfect Man (Ben Adam)
Yochanan John Yah Enables Yeshua as Deity


P’yilut Hashaliachim Acts of the Apostles Activity of
the Sent Ones
The Work of Ruach HaKodesh

Cepherim (Letters)

Rav Sha’ul’s Cepherim to Communities
Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Romim Romans   Establishes most of the Theology for the Apostolic Writings
Korintim Alef First Corinthians    
Korintim Bet Second Corinthians    
Galitim Galatians    
Efesos Ephesians    
Pilifim  Philippians    
Kolosim Colossians    
Taslonikim Alef First Thessalonians    
Taslonikim Bet Second Thessalonians    
Rav Sha’ul’s Cepherim to Individuals
Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Timotiyos Alef First Timothy    
Timotiyos Bet Second Timothy    
Titos Titus    
Pileymon Philemon    
General Cepherim
Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Ivrim Hebrews Messianic Jews Yeshua HaMashiach as
Cohen HaGadol
Ya’akov James Heel of Yah  
Kefa Aleph First Peter Stone - One  
Kefa Bet Second Peter Stone - Two  
Yochanan Aleph First John Yah Enables - One  
Yochanan Bet 2 John Yah Enables - Two  
Yochanan Gimmel 3 John Yah Enables - Three  
Y’hudah Jude Praise With Hands Lifted  


Hebrew Name English Name Translation Comments
Hitgalut Revelation   The Revelation of Yeshua HaMashiach

It should be noted that the breaking of Shmuel (Samuel), Melachim (Kings), and Divrei Hayamim (Chronicles) into two parts is strictly an artifact of the Christian printers who first issued the books. They were too big to be issued as single volumes. Because everyone who came later followed these de facto standards, the titles of Volume 1 and Volume 2 were attached to the names. The division of the Tanakh into chapters was also done by medieval Christians, and only later adopted by Jews.

However, very early on, at least as early as the the time of the Babylonian captivity (6th century BCE) the Torah was “divided” into 54 weekly portions, or parashot, [singular, parshah] and each was referred to by the first word or words of the section, much as we now refer to sections by chapter and verse. These parashot were read and studied during the Shabbat worship service — along with a section from the Prophets that is thematically linked with that week’s parshah — on an annual reading cycle corresponding to the lunisolar Hebrew calendar, which contains up to 55 weeks, the exact number varying between leap years and regular years. One week is always Passover and another is always Sukkot, and the final parshah, V'Zot HaBerachah, is always read on Simchat Torah along with the first verse of B'resheet (Genesis) so the cycle is never-ending. Therefore, there are in practice up to 53 available weeks for 53 portions. In years with fewer than 53 available weeks, some readings are combined to achieve the needed number of weekly readings.

Thus, every child born into Israel had heard the entire Torah read and studied through no less than twelve times before reaching the age of adulthood (bar/bat mitzvah). This explains the decision of the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15) to not require Gentiles coming to faith in Yeshua to either go through a formal “conversion” process to be assimilated into Jewish society or to immediately assume the entire “yoke of Torah” immediately upon conversion, “Because from the earliest times, Moshe has had in every city those who proclaim him, with his words being read in the synagogues every Shabbat.” (Acts 15:21) After a few years of faithful synagogue attendance they would become familiar with the requirements of the entire Torah.

For Shabbat services, each parshah (also referred to as “Torah portion”) is further divided into eight sections called aliyot (literally, “ascent”), to be read by individual readers during synagogue worship. I have include these indications in my version .

Many Christian Bibles have expanded versions of several of books (Ester, Ezra, Daniel, Jeremiah, and Chronicles), including extra material that is not accepted as canonical in Judaism. This extra material was part of the ancient Greek translation of the Tanakh, but was never a part of the official Hebrew Tanakh. Jews regard this extra material as apocryphal.

Among Christians, there is a difference of opinion. Catholics regard this material as canonical, while most Protestant denominations regard this material as Apocrypha. Some of the most famous Apocryphal stories are closely associated with the book of Daniel, and indeed are printed as part of that book in some English Bibles. These stories include: Susan and the Elders, The Song of the Three Children, and Bel and the Dragon.

Page last updated on Wednesday, 13 January 2021 03:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return