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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.


Apocrypha Index
Tobit  •  Judith  •  Esther (LXX)  •  Wisdom of Solomon  •  Sirach
Baruch  •  2 Baruch  •  1 Maccabees  •  2 Maccabees  •  1 Esdras
Prayer of Manassas   •  Psalm 151  •  3 Maccabees  •  2 Esdras  •  4 Maccabees  •  Daniel (LXX)


Daniel (LXX) Index
1   2   3   4   5   5   7   8   9   10   11   12
3. The Song of the Three Holy Children  •  13. The History of Susana  •  14. Bel and the Dragon
 

~ 3 ~

1King N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar had a gold statue made, sixty cubits[1] high [90 feet] and six cubits [9 feet] wide. He set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of BavelBabylon. 2Then King N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar called together the viceroys, prefects, governors, judges, treasurers, counselors, sheriffs, and all the provincial officials to come to the dedication of the imagethat N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar the king had set up. 3Then the viceroys, prefects, governors, judges, treasurers, counselors, sheriffs, and all the provincial officials were gathered together to the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar had set up.

4Then the herald cried aloud, “To you it is commanded, peoples, nations, and languages, 5that whenever you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipe, and all kinds of music, you fall down and worship the golden image that N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar the king has set up. 6Whoever doesn’t fall down and worship shall be cast into the middle of a burning fiery furnace the same hour.”

7Therefore at that time, when all the peoples heard the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipe, and all kinds of music, all the peoples, the nations, and the languages, fell down and worshiped the golden image that N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar the king had set up.

8Therefore at that time certain Chaldeans came near, and brought accusation against the Jews. 9They answered N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar the king, “O king, live for ever! 10You, O king, have made a decree that every man who hears the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipe, and all kinds of music shall fall down and worship the golden image; 11and whoever doesn’t fall down and worship shall be cast into the middle of a burning fiery furnace. 12There are certain Jews whom you have appointed over the affairs of the province of Babylon: HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego.[12] These men, O king, have not respected you. They don’t serve your gods, and don’t worship the golden image which you have set up.”

13Then N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar in rage and fury commanded that HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego be brought. Then these men were brought before the king. 14N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar answered them, “Is it on purpose, HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, that you don’t serve my god, nor worship the golden image which I have set up? 15Now if you are ready whenever you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipe, and all kinds of music to fall down and worship the image which I have made, good; but if you don’t worship, you shall be cast the same hour into the middle of a burning fiery furnace. Who is that god who will deliver you out of my hands?”

16HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego answered the king, “N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar, we have no need to answer you in this matter. 17If it happens, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace; and He will deliver us out of your hand, O king. 18But if not, let it be known to you, O king, that we will not serve your gods or worship the golden image which you have set up.”

19Then N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar became irate, and his appearance was changed against HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego. He spoke, and commanded that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was usually heated. 20He commanded certain mighty men who were in his army to bind HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, and to cast them into the burning fiery furnace. 21Then these men were bound in their pants, their tunics, their mantles, and their other clothes, and were cast into the middle of the burning fiery furnace. 22Therefore because the king’s commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceedingly hot, the flame of the fire killed those men who took up HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego. 23These three men, HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, fell down bound into the middle of the burning fiery furnace.

[Verses 24-90 of this version do not appear in the Hebrew and Protestant Cannons. They continue with revised verse numbers after verse 91.][24a]

The Prayer of Azariah

24They walked in the midst of the fire, praising God, and blessing ADONAI. 25Then AzariahAbed-nego stood, and prayed like this. Opening his mouth in the midst of the fire he said, 26“Blessed are you, ADONAI, you God of our fathers! Your name is worthy to be praised and glorified for evermore; 27for You are righteous in all the things that You have done. Yes, all Your works are true. Your ways are right, and all Your judgments are truth. 28In all the things that You have brought upon us, and upon the holy city of our fathers, YeryshalayimJerusalem, You have executed true judgments. For according to truth and justice You have brought all these things upon us because of our sins. 29For we have sinned and committed iniquity in departing from You. 30In all things we have trespassed, and not obeyed Your mitzvotcommandments or kept them. We haven’t done as You have commanded us, that it might go well with us. 31Therefore all that You have brought upon us, and everything that You have done to us, You have done in true judgment. 32You delivered us into the hands of lawless enemies, most hateful rebels, and to an unjust king who is the most wicked in all the world. 33And now we can’t open our mouth. Shame and reproach have come on Your servants and those who worship You. 34Don’t utterly deliver us up, for Your name’s sake. Don’t annul Your covenant. 35Don’t cause Your mercy to depart from us, for the sake of Avraham who is loved by You, and for the sake of YitzchakIsa'ac your servant, and Isra'el your holy one, 36to whom You promised that You would multiply their offspring as the stars of the sky, and as the sand that is on the sea shore. 37For we, O ADONAI, have become less than any nation, and are brought low this day in all the world because of our sins. 38There isn’t at this time prince, or prophet, or leader, or burnt offering, or sacrifice, or oblation, or incense, or place to offer before You, and to find mercy. 39Nevertheless, in a contrite heart and a humble spirit let us be accepted, 40like the burnt offerings of rams and bullocks, and like ten thousands of fat lambs. So let our sacrifice be in Your sight this day, that we may wholly go after You, for they shall not be ashamed who put their trust in You. 41And now we follow You with all our heart. We fear You, and seek Your face. 42Put us not to shame; but deal with us after Your kindness, and according to the multitude of your mercy. 43Deliver us also according to Your marvelous works, and give glory to Your name, O ADONAI. Let all those who harm your servants be confounded. 44Let them be ashamed of all their power and might, and let their strength be broken. 45Let them know that You are ADONAI, the only God, and glorious over the whole world.”

The Song of the Three Holy Children

46The king’s servants who put them in continued making the furnace hotter with naphtha, pitch, tinder, and small wood, 47so that the flame streamed out forty nine cubits [about 75 feet] above the furnace. 48It spread and burned the Chaldeans who were near the furnace. 49But the angel of ADONAI[49] came down into the furnace together with AzariahAbed-nego and his fellows, and He struck the flame of the fire out of the furnace, 50and made the midst of the furnace as it had been a moist whistling wind, so that the fire didn’t touch them at all. It neither hurt nor troubled them.

51Then the three, as out of one mouth, praised, glorified, and blessed God in the furnace, saying,

52“Blessed are you, O ADONAI,
You God of our fathers, to be praised and exalted above all forever!
53Blessed is Your glorious and holy name,
to be praised and exalted above all forever!
54Blessed are You in the temple of Your holy
glory, to be praised and glorified above all forever!
55Blessed are You who sees the depths
and sits upon the keruvimcherubim,
to be praised and exalted above all forever.
56Blessed are You on the throne of Your kingdom,
to be praised and extolled above all forever!
57Blessed are You in the firmament of heaven,
to be praised and glorified forever!
58O all you works of ADONAI,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
59O you heavens,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all for ever!
60O you angels of ADONAI,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
61O all you waters that are above the sky,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
62O all you powers of ADONAI,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
63O you sun and moon,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
64O you stars of heaven,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
65O every shower and dew,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
66O all you winds,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
67O you fire and heat,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Hm above all forever!
68O you dews and storms of snow,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
69O you nights and days,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
70O you light and darkness,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
71O you cold and heat,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
72O you frost and snow,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
73O you lightnings and clouds,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
74O let the earth bless ADONAI!
Let it praise and exalt Him above all forever!
75O you mountains and hills,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
76O all you things that grow on the earth,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
77O sea and rivers,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
78O you springs,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
79O you whales and all that move in the waters,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
80O all you birds of the air,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
81O all you beasts and cattle,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
82O you children of men,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
83O let Israel bless ADONAI!
Praise and exalt Him above all forever.
84O you priests of ADONAI,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
85O you servants of ADONAI,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
86O you spirits and souls of the righteous,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
87O you who are holy and humble of heart,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever!
88O Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,
bless ADONAI! Praise and exalt Him above all forever;
for He has rescued us from Sh'ol, and saved us from the hand of death!
He has delivered us out of the midst of the furnace and burning flame.
He has delivered us out of the midst of the fire.
89O give thanks to ADONAI,
for He is good; for His mercy is forever.
90O all you who worship ADONAI,
bless the God of gods, praise him, and give him thanks; for his mercy is forever!”

[At this point, the Hebrew and Protestant Canons resume with the verses being numbered from 24 to 30.]

Deliverance from the Furnace

91 (24)Then N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar the king was astonished and rose up in haste. He spoke and said to his counselors, “Didn’t we cast three men bound into the middle of the fire?”[91]

They answered the king, “True, O king.”

92 (25)He answered, “Look, I see four men loose, walking in the middle of the fire, and they are unharmed. The appearance of the fourth is like a son of the gods.”

93 (26)Then N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace. He spoke and said, “HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, you servants of El 'Elyon!the Most High God, come out, and come here!”

Then HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego came out of the middle of the fire. 94 (27)The local governors, the deputies, and the governors, and the king’s counselors, being gathered together, saw these men, that the fire had no power on their bodies. The hair of their head wasn’t singed. Their pants weren’t changed. The smell of fire wasn’t even on them.

95 (28)N'vukhadnetzarNebuchadnezzar spoke and said, “Blessed be the God of HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, Who has sent His Angel and delivered His servants who trusted in Him, and have changed the king’s word, and have yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God. 96 (29)Therefore I make a decree, that every people, nation, and language, who speak anything evil against the God of HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego, shall be cut in pieces, and their houses shall be made a dunghill, because there is no other god who is able to deliver like this.”

97 (30)Then the king promoted HananiahShadrach, MishaelMeshach, and AzariahAbed-nego in the province of Babylon.

Chapter 4

_______________

  1. A cubit is the length from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow on a man’s arm, or about 18 inches (46 centimeters.) [RETURN]

12. What’s in a name? By changing their names, the Babylonians hoped to change their identities so they would be Babylonians and no longer Jews. This is the main reason that I object to the translators of English Bibles changing the names of the Jewish characters from Hebrew to English — it is an antisemetic (whether conscious or unconscious) attempt to mask their Jewish identities. [RETURN]

Original Hebrew Meaning New Name Aramaic Meaning
Daniel laynd “God is my judge” Belteshazzar rccaXtlb “lord of the straitened's treasure”
Hananiah hynnx “God has favoured” Shadrach $rdX “the great scribe”
Mishael laXym “who is what God is” Meshach $Xym “guest of the king”
Azariah hyrz[ “Yah has helped” Abed-nego wgn db[ ”servant of Nebo”

24a. “The Song of the Three Holy Children” is an addition to Daniel found in the Greek Septuagint (LXX) but not found in the traditional Hebrew text of Daniel. This portion is recognized as Deuterocanonical Scripture by the Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Russian Orthodox Churches. It is found inserted between Daniel 3:23 and Daniel 3:24 of the traditional Hebrew Bible. Here, the verses after 23 from the Hebrew Bible are numbered starting at 91 to make room for these verses. [RETURN]

49. When used with the definite article “the,” “the Angel of ADONAI designates a theophany, a pre-incarnate bodily manifestation of HaShem in the “Person” of God the Son, Who would later step into human history as Yeshua HaMashiach. [RETURN]

91. Verses 91-97 were numbered 24-30 in the traditional Hebrew text of Daniel. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Thursday, 18 June 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:14 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!