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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.

Apocrypha Index
Tobit  •  Judith  •  Esther (LXX)  •  Wisdom of Solomon  •  Sirach
Baruch  •  2 Baruch  •  1 Maccabees  •  2 Maccabees  •  1 Esdras
Prayer of Manassas   •  Psalm 151  •  3 Maccabees  •  2 Esdras  •  4 Maccabees  •  Daniel (LXX)

Daniel (LXX) Index
1   2   3   4   5   5   7   8   9   10   11   12
3. The Song of the Three Holy Children  •  13. The History of Susana  •  14. Bel and the Dragon

~ Daniel 13 ~
The History of Susanna

“The History of Susanna” is translated from chapter 13 of Daniel in the Greek Septuagint (LXX). It is not found in the traditional Hebrew text of Daniel. “The History of Susanna” is recognized as Deuterocanonical Scripture by the Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Russian Orthodox Churches.

1A man lived in Babylon, and his name was Joakim. 2He took a wife, whose name was Susanna, the daughter of Helkias, a very fair woman, and one who feared the Lord. 3Her parents were also righteous, and taught their daughter according to the law of Moses. 4Now Joakim was a great rich man, and had a beautiful garden next to his house. The Jews used to come to him, because he was more honorable than all others. 5The same year, two of the elders of the people were appointed to be judges, such as the Lord spoke of, that wickedness came from Babylon from elders who were judges, who were supposed to govern the people. 6These were often at Joakim’s house. All that had any lawsuits came to them.

7When the people departed away at noon, Susanna went into her husband’s garden to walk. 8The two elders saw her going in every day and walking; and they were inflamed with lust for her. 9They perverted their own mind and turned away their eyes, that they might not look to heaven, nor remember just judgments. 10And although they both were wounded with lust for her, yet dared not show the other his grief. 11For they were ashamed to declare their lust, what they desired to do with her. 12Yet they watched eagerly from day to day to see her. 13The one said to the other, “Let’s go home, now; for it is dinner time.” 14So when they had gone out, they parted company, and turning back again, they came to the same place. After they had asked one another the cause, they acknowledged their lust. Then they appointed a time both together, when they might find her alone.

15It happened, as they watched on an opportune day, she went in as before with only two maids, and she desired to wash herself in the garden; for it was hot. 16There was nobody there except the two elders who had hid themselves and watched her. 17Then she said to her maids, “Bring me olive oil and ointment, and shut the garden doors, that I may wash myself.” 18They did as she asked them and shut the garden doors, and went out themselves at the side doors to fetch the things that she had commanded them. They didn’t see the elders, because they were hidden.

19Now when the maids had gone out, the two elders rose up and ran to her, saying, 20“Behold, the garden doors are shut, that no man can see us, and we are in love with you. Therefore consent to us, and lie with us. 21If you will not, we will testify against you, that a young man was with you; therefore you sent your maids away from you.”

22Then Susanna sighed, and said, “I am trapped; for if I do this thing, it is death to me. If I don’t do it, I can’t escape your hands. 23It is better for me to fall into your hands, and not do it, than to sin in the sight of the Lord.” 24With that Susanna cried with a loud voice; and the two elders cried out against her. 25Then one of them ran and opened the garden doors.

26So when the servants of the house heard the cry in the garden, they rushed in at the side door to see what had happened to her. 27But when the elders had told their tale, the servants were greatly ashamed; for there was never such a report made of Susanna.

28It came to pass on the next day, when the people assembled to her husband Joakim, the two elders came full of their wicked intent against Susanna to put her to death, 29and said before the people, “Send for Susanna, the daughter of Helkias, Joakim’s wife.” So they sent; 30and she came with her father and mother, her children, and all her kindred. 31Now Susanna was a very delicate woman, and beautiful to behold. 32These wicked men commanded her to be unveiled, for she was veiled, that they might be filled with her beauty. 33Therefore her friends and all who saw her wept. 34Then the two elders stood up in the midst of the people and laid their hands upon her head. 35She, weeping, looked up toward heaven; for her heart trusted in the Lord.

36The elders said, “As we walked in the garden alone, this woman came in with two maids, shut the garden doors, and sent the maids away. 37Then a young man who was hidden there came to her and lay with her. 38And we, being in a corner of the garden, saw this wickedness and ran to them. 39And when we saw them together, we couldn’t hold the man; for he was stronger than we, and opened the doors, and leaped out. 40But having taken this woman, we asked who the young man was, but she would not tell us. We testify these things.

41Then the assembly believed them, as those who were elders of the people and judges; so they condemned her to death.

42Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, and said, “O everlasting God, you know the secrets, and know all things before they happen. 43You know that they have testified falsly against me. Behold, I must die, even though I never did such things as these men have maliciously invented against me.”

44The Lord heard her voice. 45Therefore when she was led away to be put to death, God raised up the Holy Spirit in a young youth, whose name was Daniel. 46He cried with a loud voice, “I am clear from the blood of this woman!”

47Then all the people turned them toward him, and said, “What do these words that you have spoken mean?”

48So he, standing in the midst of them, said, “Are you all such fools, you sons of Israel, that without examination or knowledge of the truth you have condemned a daughter of Israel? 49Return again to the place of judgment; for these have testified falsly against her.”

50Therefore all the people turned again in haste, and the elders said to him, “Come, sit down among us, and show it to us, seeing God has given you the honor of an elder.”

51Then Daniel said to them, “Put them far apart from each another, and I will examine them.” 52So when they were put apart one from another, he called one of them, and said to him, “O you who have become old in wickedness, now your sins have returned which you have committed before, 53in pronouncing unjust judgment, condemning the innocent, and letting the guilty go free; although the Lord says, ‘You shall not kill the innocent and righteous.’ 54Now then, if you saw her, tell me, under which tree did you see them companying together?”

He answered, “Under a mastick tree.”

55And Daniel said, “You have certainly lied against your own head; for even now the angel of God has received the sentence of God and will cut you in two.” 56So he put him aside, and commanded to bring the other, and said to him, “O you seed of Canaan, and not of Judah, beauty has deceived you, and lust has perverted your heart. 57Thus you have dealt with the daughters of Israel, and they for fear were intimate with you; but the daughter of Judah would not tolerate your wickedness. 58Now therefore tell me, under which tree did you take them being intimate together?”

He answered, “Under an evergreen oak tree.”

59Then Daniel said to him, “You have also certainly lied against your own head; for the angel of God waits with the sword to cut you in two, that he may destroy you.”

60With that, all the assembly cried out with a loud voice, and blessed God, who saves those who hope in him. 61Then they arose against the two elders, for Daniel had convicted them of false testimony out of their own mouth. 62According to the law of Moses they did to them what they maliciously intended to do to their neighbor. They put them to death, and the innocent blood was saved the same day. 63Therefore Helkias and his wife praised God for their daughter Susanna, with Joakim her husband, and all the kindred, because there was no dishonesty found in her. 64And from that day forth, Daniel had a great reputation in the sight of the people.


Originally posted on Monday, 22 June 2020 (without paraphrase or comments

Page last updated on Monday, 18 January 2021 12:14 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return