5

1It came to pass, when the Gentiles all around heard that the altar had been rebuilt, and the sanctuary dedicated as before, they were exceedingly angry.

2They took counsel to destroy the race of Jacob that was in the midst of them, and they began to kill and destroy among the people.

4He remembered the wickedness of the children of* Compare 2 Maccabees 10:18-23. Baean, who were a snare and a stumbling block to the people, lying in wait for them on the highways.

5They were shut up by him in the towers. He encamped against them, and destroyed them utterly, and burned with fire the towers of the place with all who were in them.

6He passed over to the children of Ammon, and found a mighty band and many people, with Timotheus for their leader.

7He fought many battles with them, and they were defeated before his face. He struck them,

8and took possession of Jazer and its Gr. daughters. Compare Numbers 21:25. villages, and returned again into Judea.

"wmb" "cv">9The Gentiles who were in Gilead gathered themselves together against the Israelites who were on their borders, to destroy them. They fled to the stronghold of Dathema,

10and sent letters to Judas and his kindred, saying, “The Gentiles who are around us are gathered together against us to destroy us.

11They are preparing to come and get possession of the stronghold where fled for refuge, and Timotheus is the leader of their army.

12Now therefore come and deliver us from their hand, for many of us have fallen.

13All our kindred who were in the land of Compare 2 Maccabees 12:17. Tubias have been put to death. They have carried their wives, their children, and their stuff into captivity. They destroyed about a thousand men there.”

14While the letters were still being read, behold, other messengers came from Galilee with their clothes torn, bringing a similar report,

15saying, “People of Ptolemais, of Tyre, of Sidon, and all Galilee of the§ Gr. foreigners. Gentiles have gathered together to destroy us.”

"wmb" "cv">16Now when Judas and the people heard these words, a great congregation assembled together to determine what they should do for their kindred who were in distress and under attack.

17Judas said to Simon his brother, “Choose men and go deliver your kindred who are in Galilee, but I and Jonathan my brother will go into the land of Gilead.”

18He left Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, as leaders of the people, with the remnant of the army, in Judea, to guard it.

19He commanded them, saying, “Take charge of this people, and fight no battle with the Gentiles until we return.”

20Then three thousand men were assigned to go into Galilee with Simon, but eight thousand men were assigned to Judas to go into the land of Gilead.

"wmb" "cv">21Simon went into Galilee and fought many battles with the Gentiles, and the Gentiles were defeated before him.

22He pursued them to the gate of Ptolemais. About three thousand men men of the Gentiles fell, and he took their spoils.

23They took to them those who were in Galilee and in Arbatta, with their wives, their children, and all that they had, and brought them into Judea with great gladness.

24Judas Maccabaeus and his brother Jonathan passed over the Jordan, and went three days’ journey in the wilderness.

25They met with the Nabathaeans, and these met them in a peaceful manner, and told them all things that had happened to their kindred in the land of Gilead,

26and how many of them were shut up in Bosora, Bosor, Alema,* Compare 2 Maccabees 12:13. Casphor, Maked, and compare 2 Maccabees 12:21. Carnaim—all these cities are strong and great—

27and how they were shut up in the rest of the cities of the land of Gilead, and that tomorrow they planned to encamp against the strongholds, and to take them, and to destroy all these men in one day.

28Judas and his army turned suddenly by the way of the wilderness to Bosora; and he took the city, and killed all the males with the edge of the sword, took all their spoils, and burned the city with fire.

29He left there by night, and went until he came to the stronghold.

30When the morning came, they lifted up their eyes and saw many people who couldn’t be counted, bearing ladders and engines of war, to take the stronghold; and they were fighting against them.

31Judas saw that the battle had begun, and that the cry of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets and a great sound,

32and he said to the men of his army, “Fight today for your kindred!”

33Then he went out behind them in three companies. They sounded with their trumpets and cried out in prayer.

34And the army of Timotheus perceived that it was Maccabaeus, and they fled from before him. He struck them with a great slaughter. About eight thousand men of them fell on that day.

35He turned away to Mizpeh and fought against it, took it, killed all its males, took its spoils, and burned it with fire.

36From there he marched and took See 1 Maccabees 5:26 Casphor, Maked, Bosor, and the other cities of the land of Gilead.

"wmb" "cv">37Now after these things, Timotheus gathered another army and encamped near Raphon beyond the brook.

38Judas sent men to spy on the army; and they brought him word, saying, “All the Gentiles who are around us are gathered together to them, an exceedingly great army.

39They have hired Arabians to help them, and are encamped beyond the brook, ready to come against you to battle.” So Judas went to meet them.

"wmb" "cv">40Timotheus said to the captains of his army, when Judas and his army drew near to the brook of water, “If he crosses over to us first, we won’t be able to withstand him, for he will mightily prevail against us;

41but if he is afraid, and encamps beyond the river, we will cross over to him, and prevail against him.”

42Now when Judas came near to the water brook, he caused the scribes of the people to remain by the brook, and commanded them, saying, “Allow no man to encamp, but let all come to the battle.”

43Then he crossed over the first against them, and all the people after him; and all the Gentiles were defeated before his face, and threw away their weapons, and fled to the temple at § See 1 Maccabees 5:26. Carnaim.

44They took the city and burned the temple with fire, together with all who were in it. Carnaim was subdued. They couldn’t stand any longer before the face of Judas.

"wmb" "cv">45Judas gathered together all Israel, those who were in the land of Gilead, from the least to the greatest, with their wives, their children, and their stuff, an exceedingly great army, that they might come into the land of Judah.

46They came as far as Ephron, and this same city was great. It was on the road where they were going, exceedingly strong. They couldn’t turn away from it on the right hand or on the left, but needed to pass through the middle of it.

47The people of the city shut them out and blocked the gates with stones.

48Judas sent to them with words of peace, saying, “We will pass through your land to go into our own land, and no one will harm you. We will only pass by on our feet.” But they wouldn’t open to him.

49Then Judas commanded proclamation to be made in the army, that each man should encamp in the place where he was.

50So the men of the army encamped, and fought against the city all that day and all that night, and the city was delivered into his hands.

51He destroyed all the males with the edge of the sword, razed the city, took its spoils, and passed through the city over those who were slain.

52They went over the Jordan into the great plain near Bethshan.

53And Judas gathered together those who lagged behind and encouraged the people all the way through, until he came into the land of Judah.

54They went up to mount Sion with gladness and joy, and offered whole burnt offerings, because not so much as one of them was slain until they returned in peace.

"wmb" "cv">55In the days when Judas and Jonathan were in the land of Gilead, and Simon his brother in Galilee before Ptolemais,

56Joseph the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, rulers of the army, heard of their exploits and of the war, and what things they had done.

57They said, “Let’s also get us a name, and let’s go fight against the Gentiles who are around us.”

58So they gave orders to the men of the army that was with them, and went toward Jamnia.

59Gorgias and his men came out of the city to meet them in battle.

60Joseph and Azarias were put to flight, and were pursued to the borders of Judea. About two thousand men of Israel fell on that day.

61There was a great overthrow among the people, because they didn’t listen to Judas and his kindred, thinking to do some exploit.

62But they were not of the seed of those men by whose hand deliverance was given to Israel.

"wmb" "cv">63The man Judas and his kindred were glorified exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and of all the Gentiles, wherever their name was heard of.

64Men gathered together to them, acclaiming them.

"wmb" "cv">65Judas and his kindred went out and fought against the children of Esau in the land toward the south. He struck Hebron and its * Gr. daughters. Compare Numbers 21:25. villages, pulled down its strongholds, and burned its towers all around.

66He marched to go into the land of the Gr. foreigners. Philistines, and he went through Or, Marisa See Josephus, Antiquities 12:8. 6, and 2 Maccabees 12:35. Samaria.

67In that day certain priests, desiring to do exploits there, were slain in battle, when they went out to battle unadvisedly.

68But Judas turned toward Azotus, to the land of the§ Gr. foreigners. Philistines, pulled down their altars, burned the carved images of their gods with fire, took the plunder of their cities, and returned into the land of Judah.


*5:4 Compare 2 Maccabees 10:18-23.

5:8 Gr. daughters. Compare Numbers 21:25.

5:13 Compare 2 Maccabees 12:17.

§5:15 Gr. foreigners.

*5:26 Compare 2 Maccabees 12:13.

5:26 compare 2 Maccabees 12:21.

5:36 See 1 Maccabees 5:26

§5:43 See 1 Maccabees 5:26.

*5:65 Gr. daughters. Compare Numbers 21:25.

5:66 Gr. foreigners.

5:66 Or, Marisa See Josephus, Antiquities 12:8. 6, and 2 Maccabees 12:35.

§5:68 Gr. foreigners.