The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Maccabees
First Maccabees   Second Maccabees   Third Maccabees   Fourth Maccabees

The First Book of Maccabees: Introductory Notes and Comments
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16


[The Second Book of the Maccabees is recognized as Deuterocanonical Scripture
by the Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Russian Orthodox Churches.]

~ 1 ~

1The kindred, the Jews who are in Jerusalem and those who are in the country of Judea, send greetings and good peace to the kindred, the Jews who are throughout Egypt. 2May God do good to you, and remember His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, His faithful servants, 3and give you all a heart to worship Him and do His will with a strong heart and a willing soul. 4May God open your heart to His law and in His statutes, and make peace, 5and listen to your requests, and be reconciled with you, and not forsake you in an evil time. 6Now we are praying for you here.

7In the reign of Demetrius, in the one hundred sixty-ninth year, we the Jews have already written to you in the suffering and in the extremity that has come upon us in these years, from the time that Jason and his company revolted from the holy land and the kingdom, 8and set the gate on fire, and shed innocent blood. We prayed to the Lord, and were heard. We offered sacrifices and meal offerings. We lit the lamps. We set out the show bread.[8] 9Now see that you keep the days of the Feast of Tabernacles in the month Chislev in the one hundred eighty-eighth year.

10The people of Jerusalem and those who are in Judea, with the senate and Judas, to Aristobulus, King Ptolemy’s teacher, who is also of the stock of the anointed priests, and to the Jews who are in Egypt, we send greetings and health. 11Having been saved by God out of great perils, as men arrayed against a king, we thank him greatly. 12For he threw out into Persia those who fought against us in the Holy City. 13For when the prince had come there, with an army that seemed irresistible, they were cut to pieces in the temple of Nanaea by the treachery of Nanaea’s priests. 14For Antiochus, on the pretense that he would marry her, came into the place, he and his Friends[14] who were with him, that they might take a large part of the treasures as a dowry. 15And when the priests of Nanaea’s temple had set the treasures out, and he had come there with a small company within the wall of the sacred precinct, they locked the Temple when Antiochus had come in. 16Opening the secret door of the panelled ceiling, they threw stones and struck down[16] the prince. They cut him and his company in pieces, and cut off their heads, and threw them to the people who were outside. 17Blessed be our God in all things, Who handed over those who had committed impiety.

18Whereas we are now about to celebrate the purification of the Temple in the month Chislev, on the twenty-fifth day, we thought it necessary to notify you, so that you may also keep a feast of Tabernacles,[18] and remember the fire which was given when Nehemiah offered sacrifices, after he had built both the temple and the altar. 19For indeed when our fathers were about to be led into the land of Persia, the godly priests of that time took of the fire of the altar, and hid it secretly in the hollow of a well that was without water, where they made sure that the place was unknown to anyone. 20Now after many years, when it pleased God, Nehemiah, having received a charge from the king of Persia, sent in quest of the fire the descendants of the priests who hid it. When they declared to us that they had found no fire, but thick water, 21he commanded them to draw some of it out and bring it to him. When the sacrifices[21] had been offered, Nehemiah commanded the priests to sprinkle with that water both the wood and the things laid on it. 22When that was done and some time had passed, and the sun shone out, which before was hid with clouds, a great blaze was kindled, so that all men marveled. 23And the priests made a prayer while the sacrifice was being consumed — both the priests and all the others. Jonathan lead and the rest responded, as Nehemiah did.

24And the prayer was like this: “O Lord, Lord God, the Creator of all things, Who are awesome, strong, righteous, and merciful, who alone are King and gracious, 25Who alone supply every need, Who alone are righteous, almighty, and eternal, You Who save Israel out of all evil, Who chose the ancestors and sanctified them, 26accept the sacrifice for all Your people Israel, and preserve Your own portion, and consecrate it. 27Gather together our Dispersion, set at liberty those who are in bondage among the heathen, look upon those who are despised and abhorred, and let the heathen know that You are our God. 28Torment those who oppress us and in arrogance shamefully entreat us. 29Plant Your people in Your Holy Place, even as Moses said.”

30Then the priests sang the hymns. 31As soon as the sacrifice was consumed, then Nehemiah commanded to pour the rest of the water on large stones.[31] 32When this was done, a flame was kindled;[32a] but when the light from the altar shone near it,[32b] it went out. 33When the matter became known, and it was told the king of the Persians that, in the place where the priests who were led away had hid the fire, the water appeared which Nehemiah and those who were with him purified the sacrifice, 34then the king enclosed the place and made it sacred, after he had investigated the matter. 35When the king would show favor to any, he would exchange many presents and give them some of this water. 36Nehemiah and those who were with him called this thing “Nephthar”, which is by interpretation, “Cleansing”; but most men call it Nephthai.


 8. Gr. loaves [RETURN]

14. See 2 Maccabees 8:9. [RETURN]

16. Gr. “struck down as with a thunderbolt.” [RETURN]

18. The Greek text here is corrupt. [RETURN]

21. Gr. “the things of the sacrifices.” Similarily in verses 31, 33, and 2 Maccabees 2:10. [RETURN]

31. Some authorities read “that great stones should inclose the water that was left.” Both the Greek text and the meaning of this verse and the next are uncertain. [RETURN]

32a. Or, “but it spent itself, whereas the … shone still.” [RETURN]

32b. Or, “shone back.” [RETURN]

Page last updated on Wednesday, 21 July 2021 01:26 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return