The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.

HaShem Judges Sin

~ 2 ~

F. Judgment on Moab (2:1-3)

1This is what ADONAI says:

“For three transgressions of Mo'av, yes, for four,
I will not turn away its punishment;
Because he burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime;
2But I will send a fire on Mo'av,
And it will devour the palaces of Keriyot;
And Mo'av will die with tumult, with shouting,
   and with the sound of the shofar;
3And I will cut off the judge from their midst,
And will kill all its princes with him,”
says ADONAI.

G. Judgment on Judah (2:4-5)

4This is what ADONAI says:

For three transgressions of Y'hudah, yes, for four,
I will not turn away its punishment;
Because they have rejected ADONAI's Torah,
And have not kept his statutes,
And their lies have led them astray,
After which their fathers walked;
5But I will send a fire on Y'hudah,
And it will consume the citadels of Yerushalayim.”

H. Judgment on Israel (2:6-16)

1. Ruthless oppression of the poor (2:6-7a)

6This is what ADONAI says:

“For three transgressions of Yisra'el, yes, for four,
I will not turn away its punishment;
Because they have sold the righteous for silver,
And the needy for a pair of shoes;
7They trample on the dust of the earth on the head of the poor,
And deny justice to the oppressed;

2. Unbridled profanation of religion (2:7b-8)

And a man and his father use the same maiden,
   to profane my holy name;
8And they lay themselves down beside every altar
   on clothes taken in pledge;
And in the house of their God they drink the wine
   of those who have been fined.

3. Contrasted position of the Israelites (2:9-12)

9Yet I destroyed the AmoriAmoarites before them,
Whose height was like the height of the cedars,
And he was strong as the oaks;
Yet I destroyed his fruit from above,
and his roots from beneath.
10Also I brought you up out of the land of Egypt,
And led you forty years in the wilderness,
To possess the land of the Amori.
11I raised up some of your sons for prophets,
And some of your young men for NazirimNazirites.
Isn't this true,
You people of Yisra'el?” says ADONAI.
12“But you gave the Nazirim wine to drink,[12]
And commanded the prophets, ‘Don't prophesy!’

4. The oppressive system will perish (2:13-16)

13Behold, I will crush you in your place,
As a cart crushes that is full of grain.
14Flight will perish from the swift;
And the strong won't strengthen his force;
Neither shall the mighty deliver himself;
15Neither shall he stand who handles the bow;
And he who is swift of foot won't escape;
Neither shall he who rides the horse deliver himself;
16And he who is courageous among the mighty
will flee away naked in that day,” says ADONAI.

Chapter 3


12. The Nazir (Nazirite) took a vow of consecreating himself to Hashem that for a stated period of time he would neither cut his hair nor partake of any form of grape product. He was not to make himself ritually “unclean” for any reason, and would not approach a corpse, even that of an immediate family member. (Numbers 6:1-21) [RETURN]

Originally posted on Thursday, 11 June 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return