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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 3 ~

B. The Message Confirmed by a Sign (ch 3)

1. A Lame Man is Healed (3:1-11)

[Jerusalem, Shavuot, Sunday, 20 June 28 CE*]

1KefaPeter and YochananJohn were going up into the Temple at the ninth hour[GN], the hour of prayer.[1] 2A man who had been born lame was being carried. Every day they laid him at the YafehBeautiful Gate of the Temple, to beg alms from those who were entering the Temple. 3Seeing Kefa and Yochanan about to go into the Temple, he asked for alms from them. 4Kefa, who was with Yochanan, gazed at the man and said, “Look at us.” 5He listened to them, expecting to receive something from them.

6But Kefa said, “I don't have either silver or gold, but what I have, that I give you. In the name of Yeshua HaMashiachthe Messiah of Nazareth, get up and walk!”[6] 7He took him by the right hand, and lifted him up. Immediately his feet and his ankle bones grew strong. 8Leaping up, he stood, and began to walk. He entered the Temple courts with them, walking, leaping, and praising God. 9All the people saw him walking and praising God. 10They recognized him as the man who used to sit begging for alms at the Temple’s Yafeh Gate. They were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him. 11As the lame man who was now healed held on to Kefa and Yochanan, all the people ran up to them together in Solomon’s Porch, truly amazed.

2. Kefa’s Second Message: The Covenants will be Fulflled (3:12-26)

12When Kefa saw it, he responded to the people, “You men of Yisra'el, why are you amazed? Why are you staring at us as if we made him walk by our own power or godliness? 13The God of AvrahamAbraham, YitzhakIsaac, and Ya'akovJacob, the God of our fathers,[13a] has glorified His Servant Yeshua, Whom you had arrested, and Whom you rejected[13b] during Pilate’s hearing, when Pilate had decided to release Him. 14But you rejected the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be released to you. 15And you killed the Author[15] of Life, Whom God has now raised from the dead. And we are witnesses to His resurrection! 16Through trust in the name of Yeshua this man has been made strong, this man whom you clearly recognize. Yes, the faith which is through Yeshsua has given this man perfect health[16] as you can witness for yourselves.

17“Now, brothers[17], I know that you did this out of ignorance, and so did your rulers. 18But through this, God has fulfilled the very things that He had decreed through the mouth of all his prophets — that Messiah should suffer.[18]

19“Turn from your sin and return to God,[19] in order for your sins to be blotted out, so that seasons of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, 20and that he may send Messiah Yeshua, Who was appointed in advance for you, 21He must remain in heaven[21] until the times of restoration of all things, of which God spoke long ago through the mouths of His holy prophets. 22As MosheMoses surely said to the Patriarchs:

‘ADONAI Eloheinuיְהוָֹה our God will raise up for you
a prophet like me from among your countrymen.
You are to listen everything He tells you. …
23Everyone who fails to listen to that prophet
will be removed from the people and utterly destroyed.’[23]

24“Yes, and all the prophets who have spoken since Sh'mu'elSamuel, and those who came after him, also talked about these days. 25You are the children of the prophets, and heirs of the covenant which God made with our fathers when he said to Avraham, ‘In your seed will all the families of the earth be blessed.’[25]

26“God, raised up his servant, Yeshua, and sent Him first to you, to bless you by turning each one of you away from your wicked ways.”

Chapter 4


   * Date is from The Chronological Gospels ©1969 by Michael John Rood

  1. There were two daily sacrifices to keep the Temple purified, one early in the mornng and one at about 3:00 pm. Those who could not be physically present in the Temple were expected to be in prayer at the times of these sacrifices. [RETURN]

  6. After you have read this chapter and the next, stop for a few minutes and really consider what an opportunity would have been missed if Kefa and Yochanan had been able to give the man a few shekles, as he had asked. HaShem can perform great miracles from our lack of personal resources. Just as Kefa and Yochanan did not provide what the man had asked, so often Hashem does not provide what we ask, because He plans a far greater blessing for us instead. [RETURN]

13a. Exodus 3:6, Exodus 3:15. [RETURN]

13b. The Jewish people didn’t personally reject Yeshua, but their leaders certainly did, and God holds the entire nation responsible for the actions of its leaders. That is why as Believers we must be extremely careful of who we elect to our government positions. [RETURN]

15. Author, Greek ἀρχηγός (archēgos), originator, author, founder, prince, leader. Arxēgós does not strictly mean “author,” but rather “a person who is originator or founder of a movement and continues as the leader – i.e. ‘pioneer leader, founding leader.’” [RETURN]

16. The man was over 40 years old (Acts 4:22) and had never walked a day in his life. Stop and consider for just a moment how many other accompanying ailments had to have been involved: bed sores, respiratory, circulatory, and digestive problems, total muscle atrophy, vermin. And immediately he was restored to “perfect health.” [RETURN]

17. The word for “brothers” here may be also correctly translated “brothers and sisters,” “siblings,” or “countrymen.” [RETURN]

18. Isaiah 53 and elsewhere. [RETURN]

19. This is the true definition of the word “repent.” [RETURN]

21. In Hebrew thought there are three “heavens.” The “First Heaven” is the atmosphere, where the birds fly. The “Second Heaven” is all the visible universe — the planets, stars, moons, etc. The “Third Heaven” exists outside of our space-time continuum, and is the abode of God and the angelic beings (2Cor. 12:2-4). This is where the “throne of God” is located and where Yeshua apparently currently makes His headquarters.

There is nowhere in Scripture that says when righteous people die they go to “heaven.” At no place in the four Gospel accounts is it ever recorded that “Yeshua went up on a hill, and He sat down, and began to teach His disciples, ‘believe in Me for the forgiveness of your sins, so that you can have a personal relationship with Me and go to heaven when you die.’” [More here.] However, Yeshua did say that He was going to prepare “a place” for us, where we can be with Him. Rav Sha'ul said that to be absent from the body is to be “at home with the Lord,” (2Cor. 5:6-8) but did not specify where that “home” is. As Yeshua was dying, what He said to the thief next to Him was literally, “I promise that you will be with me today in Gan-`Eden” — Hebrew for Garden of Eden (Luke 23:43).

What the Scriptures do clearly teach is that at some point in time there will be a physical resurrection of the dead, the righteous being raised up to eternal bliss, the unrighteous to eternal grief. Unfortunately, the Scriptures do not clearly distinguish between the Messianic Age, when Yeshua reigns from Jerusalem, and the Olam Haba, the renewed world that will be after the final redemption, destruction, and re-creation (Revelation 21:1; Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22; 2 Peter 3:13). The Scriptures teach that after the earthly reign of Messiah the earth will be destroyed, redeemed, and re-created in perfection. The Hebrew term for the re-created world is Olam Haba, the World to Come. (Unfortunately, Olam Haba begins with the Messianic Age and includes everything that follows, so no real help there.)

Yeshua did not say “the gentle shall go to heaven.” He did say “the gentle shall inherit the earth.” (Matthew 5:5) Wherever it is that we wind up living eternally with Him, rest assured that it’s going to be really nice there! [RETURN]

23. Deuteronomy 18:15-19. [RETURN]

25. Genesis 22:18; Genesis 26:4. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Shabbat, 25 April 2020
Added outline and dates, plus a few notes on Friday, 04 June 2021

Page last updated on Thursday, 07 July 2022 04:38 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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