The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaShliakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 4 ~

Kefa and Yochanan Arrested

1As they spoke to the people, the kohenimpriests and the Captain of the temple and the Tz'dukimSadducees came to them, 2being upset because they taught the people and proclaimed in Yeshua the resurrection from the dead.[2] 3They arrested them, and kept them in custody until the next day, since it was already evening.[3] 4But many of those who heard the word believed, and the number of the men came to be about five thousand.[4]

5The next morning their rulers, zekanimelders, and SofrimTorah-teachers were gathered together in Yerushalayim. 6'AnanAnnas the Kohen HaGadolHigh Priest was there, with KayafaCaiaphas[6] Yochanan, Alexander, and everyone who was a relative of the Kohen HaGadol. 7When they had stood them in their midst, they challenged them, “By what power, or in what name, have you done this?”

8Then Kefa, filled with Ruach HaKodesh, said to them, “You rulers of the people, and zekanim of Yisra'el, 9if we are examined today concerning a good deed done to a crippled man, by what means this man has been healed, 10be it known to you all, and to all the people of Yisra'el, that in the name of Yeshua the Messiah of Nazareth, Whom you crucified, Whom God raised from the dead, in Him does this man stand here before you whole. 11Yeshua is ‘the stone which was regarded as worthless by you, the builders, which has become the head of the corner.’[11] 12There is salvation in none other, for neither is there any other name under heaven, that is given among men, by which we must be saved!”

Threatened and Released

13Now when they saw the boldness of Kefa and Yochanan, and had perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men,[13] they marveled. They recognized that they had been with Yeshua. 14Seeing the man who was healed standing with them, they could say nothing against it. 15But when they had commanded them to go aside out of the council chamber, they conferred among themselves, 16saying, “What shall we do to these men? Because indeed a notable miracle has been done through them, as can be plainly seen by all who dwell in Yerushalayim, and we can’t deny it. 17But so that this spreads no further among the people, let’s threaten them, that from now on they don’t speak to anyone in this name.” 18They called them, and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Yeshua.

19But Kefa and Yochanan answered them, “Whether it is right in the sight of God to listen to you rather than to God, judge for yourselves,[19] 20for we can’t help telling the things which we saw and heard.”

21When they had further threatened them, they let them go, finding no way to punish them, because of the people; for everyone glorified God for that which was done. 22For the man on whom this miracle of healing was performed was more than forty years old.

Prayer for Boldness

23Being let go, they came to their own company, and reported all that the Cohenim GadolimLeading Priests (Sanhedrin) and the zekanim had said to them. 24When they heard it, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, “O ADONAI, You are God, Who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all that is in them; 25Who by the mouth of Your servant, David, said,

‘Why do the nations rage,
and the peoples plot a vain thing?
26The kings of the earth take a stand,
and the rulers take council together,
against the Lord, and against His Messiah.’[26] (Psalm 2:1-2)

27“For truly, in this city against Your Holy Servant, Yeshua, Whom You anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Goyim and the people of Yisra'el, were gathered together 28to do whatever Your hand and Your council foreordained to happen. 29Now, ADONAI, look at their threats, and grant Your servants the ability to speak Your Word with all boldness, 30while You stretch out Your hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your Holy Servant Yeshua.” 31When they had prayed, the place where they were gathered was shaken. They were all filled with Ruach HaKodesh, and they spoke the Word of God with boldness.

Sharing Among the Holy Community

 32The multitude of those who believed were of one heart and soul. Not one of them claimed that anything of the things which he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. 33With great power, the Sh'liachim gave their testimony of the resurrection of the Lord Yeshua. Great grace was on them all. 34For neither was there among them any who lacked, for as many as were owners of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of the things that were sold, 35and laid them at the feet of the Sh'liachim, and distribution was made to each, according as anyone had need. 36Yosef, whom the Sh'liachim called Bar-Nabba (which is, being interpreted, “Son of Encouragement,” or “the Exhorter”), a LeviLevite who was a native of Kypros by, 37sold a field that he had, and brought the money and laid it at the feet of the Sh'liachim.

Chapter 5


  2. The sect of the Sadducees were in control of the temple and the Levitical Priesthood. They rejected all things supernatural, so they rejected the idea of a bodily resurrection. They knew that they had to stop this message in its tracks because if Yeshua actually had risen from the dead it would prove that their entire theology was wrong. [RETURN]

  3. Under Israel’s jurisprudence, it was unlawful to hold any form of court hearings after sunset. Yeshua’s late-night mock trial was totally unlawful. [RETURN]

4.  Kefa and Yochanan has no money to give the lame beggar as he had asked. But because instead of feeling bad because of their lack of resources, they were faithful to use what resources HaShem had given them, a man who had never been able to walk was fully restored to perfect health, and five thousand men (and who knows how many additional women) came to trust in the Name of Yeshua. See the global note on “name.” [RETURN]

  6. Kayafa (Caiaphas, depression), whose full name was Yosef Kayafa, was Kohen HaGadol (High Priest) under Tiberius. (Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:57; John 11:49; John 18:13; John 18:14; John 18:24; John 18:28). The procurator Valerius Gratus appointed him to the position. He was son-in-law of 'Anan (Annas). [RETURN]

11. Psalm 118:22 [RETURN]

13. They weren’t truly unlearned and ignorant men; they were being ridiculed because they had spent their lives working for a living instead of doing nothing but study Torah their whole lives as the “learned” men judging them had been able to do. [RETURN]

26. Christ (Greek) and Messiah (Hebrew) both mean Anointed One. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Shabbat, 25 April 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return