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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28


P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 5 ~

[Jerusalem, About 28-29 CE]

6. Hananiah and Shappirah Lie to Ruach HaKodesh (5:1-11)

1Now a man named HananiahAnanias, with his wife ShappirahSapphira, sold a piece property. 2With his wife’s knowledge, he kept some of the proceeds [for themselves], but brought some of it to the Sh'liachimEmissaries, Aostles.[2] 3KefaPeter said, “Hananiah, why has HaSatanthe Adversary, Satan convinced you[3] to lie to Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land? 4While you owned it, wasn’t it your own? After you sold it, wasn’t the money still yours to use however you wanted? How could have chosen to do such a thing? You haven’t lied to men, but to God.”[4]

5Upon hearing these words, Hananiah fell down and died, and everyone who heard about it was terrified. 6The young men got up, wrapped up his body, carried him out, and buried him. 7About three hours later, unaware of what had happened, his wife came in. 8Kefa asked her, “Tell me, did you sell the land for this price?”

She said, “Yes, for that price.”

9Kefa asked her, “How is it that the two of you have conspired to test the Spirit of the Lord? Hinneh,[GN] the men who just buried your husband are at the door now, and they will carry you out, too.”

10She immediately collapsed at his feet and died. The young men came in and found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her next to her husband. 11This resulted in great fear coming upon the whole Messianic Community[GN], as well upon everyone else who heard about it.

7. Mighty Miracles at Jerusalem (5:12-16)

12Through the hands of the Sh'liachim many signs and miracles were being done among the people, and they all gathered with one heart and mind in Shlomo’sSolomon’s porch.[GN] 13Although the people held them in high regard, none of the others dared to join them there, 14and throngs of new Believers, both men and women, were brought to the Lord. 15As a result, they even carried out the sick into the streets, and laid them on cots and mats, so that as Kefa passed by, at least his shadow might fall on some of them.

16Large crowds gathered together from the towns around Yerushalayim, bringing the sick and those who afflicted by unclean spirits, and they were all healed.

8. The Second Persecution (5:17-42)

a. Emissaries Arrested and Threatened (5:17-28)

17But the Kohen HaGadolHigh Priest and all his associates who were members of the sect of the Tz'dukimSadducees were filled with jealousy.[17] They rose up, 18and arrested the Sh'liachim and put them in the public jail. 19But during the night an angel of ADONAI opened the jail doors, led them out, and told them, 20“Go stand in the Temple courts and tell the people all about this new life.”

21As they had been instructed, they went into the Temple courts at daybreak and began teaching. When the Kohen HaGadol and his associates arrived, they called a session of the Sanhedrin — the whole assembly of Yisra'el’s zekanimelders — and sent to the jail to have them brought before them. 22But the officers who went didn’t find them in the jail, so they returned and reported, 23“We found the jail securely locked, and the guards were at their posts guarding the doors, but when we opened them, there was nobody inside!”

24When the Captain of the Temple Guard and the kohenim gadolimchief priests heard this, they were very perplexed about what might become of this. 25Someone came and told them, “Hinneh,[GN] the men you put in jail are sanding in the Temple courts teaching the people.” 26Then the Captain went with his officers brought the Sh'liachim in without force, because they were afraid the people might stone them.[26]

27When they had brought them before the Sanhedrin, the Kohen HaGadol challenged them, 28“Didn’t we strictly order you not to teach in this name? Hinneh, you have filled Yerushalayim with your teaching, and you are determined to make us responsible for this Man’s blood!”[28]

b. The Emissaries Answer (5:29-32)

29Kefa and the other Sh'liachim answered, “We must obey God rather than men. 30The God of our fathers raised up Yeshua, Whom you had murdered by hanging Him on a tree.[30] 31But God has exalted Him to His right hand as Prince and a Savior, to grant t'shuvahrepentance, turning away from sin and back to God and His torah and forgiveness of sin to Yisra'el. 32We are His witnesses to these things, and so is Ruach HaKodesh, Whom God has given to those who obey Him.”[32]

c. Gamalial Warns the Sanhedrin (5:33-39)

33When they heard this, the members of the Sanhderin were infuriated and resolved to kill them. 34But a Pharisee named Gamliel,[34] a Torah-teacher who was respected by all the people, stood up in the Sanhedrin and ordered the Sh'liachim be taken out of the room for a little while. 35He addressed them, “Men of Yisra'el, consider carefully what you are planning to do to these men. 36Some time ago[36] TodahTheudas, claiming to be a real somebody, instigated a rebellion, and about about four hundred men joined him. When he was killed, everyone who followed him were dispersed, and the uprising came to nothing. 37After him, Y'hudah HaG'liliJudah the Galilean, led another uprising back at the time of the enrollment for the Roman tax,[37] and persuaded some people to follow him. He also died, and his followers were scattered. 38So in the present case I advise you, stay away from these men and leave them alone. If this idea or this movement is a man-made thing, it will fall apart. 39But if it is from God, you will not be able to stop it, and you would find yourselves fighting against God!”

d. Emissaries Beaten and Again Threatened (5:40-42)

40They yielded to him. They called the Sh'liachim back in, and had them flogged. Then they ordered them to not speak in the name of Yeshua, then let them go.

41The Sh'liachim left the Sanhedrin, rejoicing that they had been considered worthy to suffer disgrace for Yeshua’s name. 42Then every day, both in the Temple courts and from, house to house, they kept right on teaching and proclaiming the Good News that Yeshua is the Messiah.

Chapter 6

____________

  2. There was absolutely nothing wrong with selling some of his property and keeping the funds for himself. It belonged to him, and was his to do with as he pleased (v. 4). The problem was that he wanted to appear pious to the members of the Community, so he obviously told Kefa that he had brought the entire selling price. God has no use for hypocrisy, but He loves for us to “keep it real.” [RETURN]

  3. Literally “filled your heart.” [RETURN]

  4. This is just a small part of the proof that Ruach HaKodesh is a divine “Person” and not just an inanimate force. First, Ruach HaKodesh can be lied to; one cannot lie to a “force” or “power.” Second, Kefa said that lying to Ruach HaKodesh is lying to God; therefore Ruach HaKodesh is God. [RETURN]

17. The Sadducees did not believe in anything supernatural (miracles, angels, etc.) and particularly denied the resurrection of the dead. The Messianic movement flew in the face of everything the Sadducees clung to. Thus, the movement had to be stopped by any means necessary. [RETURN]

26. By this time there were something like 10,000 Messianic Believers in Jerusalem, many of whom would have been in the Temple courts that morning. Just picture the riots that often occur now on Temple Mount. [RETURN]

28. Humanly speaking they were directly responsible for Yeshua’s blood! [RETURN]

30. Tree: Greek ξύλου (xylou), timber; by implication, a stick, club, tree, or other wooden article or substance. (Deut 21:22-23) [RETURN]

32. Possession of the permanently indwelling Ruach HaKodesh is not only a matter of faith, or trust; it requires obedience to HaShem and His Torah. [RETURN]

34. Gamaliel the Elder, also spelled Gamliel; Hebrew: רבן גמליאל הזקן‎ "Rabban Gamliel HaZaqen"; Koinē Greek: Γαμαλιὴλ ὁ Πρεσβύτερος), or Rabban Gamaliel I, was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the early first century CE, and is considered one of the greatest of the Jewish sages. He was the son of Simeon ben Hillel and grandson of the great Jewish teacher Hillel the Elder. Gamaliel is thought to have died in 52 CE (AM 3813). He fathered Simeon ben Gamliel, who was named for his father, and a daughter, who married a priest named Simon ben Nathanael. He was the mentor of Rav Sha'ul, who very likely was “apprenticed” to him at a very young age. [RETURN]

36. About 4 BCE. [RETURN]

37. In the 25th year of the reign of Caesar Augustus  (3-2 BCE), by the command of Rome, all subjects of the Roman Empire were required to register their support in naming the “Divine Emperor” Octavius Augustus the “Father of the Roman Empire” which was approved by the Roman Senate on February 2, 2 BCE. (Michael Rood, The Chronological Gospels, p 50) See Luke 2:1-5. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Shabbat, 25 April 2020
Revised with additional notes and comments on  Shabbat, 05 June 2021

Page last updated on Saturday, 19 June 2021 01:58 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!