The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28


P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 6 ~

[Jerusalem, Traditional Date: ca 33 CE]

9. First Shamashim (Helpers) Ordained (6:1-8)

1Now in those days, as the number of talmidimdisciples was increasing, a complaint arose from the Greek-speaking Jews[1a] against the Hebrew-speakers, because their widows were being neglected in the daily food distribution.[1b] 2The Twelve summoned the assembly of the talmidim and said, “It is not appropriate for us to abandon the word of God to serve tables.[2] 3Therefore, brothers, select from among yourselves seven men with good reputation who are full of Ruach HaKodesh and of wisdom, whom we may put in charge of this responsibility. 4But we will devote ourselves to prayer and the ministry of the word.”[4]

5The whole assembly approved of the idea, so they chose Stephanos, a man full of faith and of Ruach HaKodesh, Philippos, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolaus, a proselyte from Antioch. 6They brought these men to the Sh'liachimEmissaries, Apostles. After having prayed, they laid their hands on them. 7The word of God continued to spread. The number of talmidim in Yerushalayim grew rapidly, and large number of kohenimpriests became obedient to the faith.

10. Third Persecution (6:9-7:60)

a. Stephanos Arrested (6:9-15)

8Stephanos, who was full of grace[8] and power, was performing great wonders and signs among the people.

 9But opposition arose from some of the members of the Synagogue of the Freedmen, as it was called, composed of Cyrenians, [MAP] Alexandrians, [MAP] and people from Cilicia [MAP] and Asia Minor, [MAP] and they created a dispute with Stephanos. 10but they couldn’t stand up to his wisdom or the Spirit by Whom he spoke. 11So they secretly induced some men to say, “We have heard him speak blasphemy against MosheMoses[11] and against God.” 12They stirred up the people, the zekanimelders, and the SofrimTorah-teachers. They rose up against him, arrested him, and brought him before the Sanhedrin.[12] 13They presented false witnesses who said, “This man never stops speaking blasphemy against this Holy Place[13] and the Torah. 14We have we have heard him say that this Yeshua of Nazareth will destroy this place, and will change the customs that Moshe gave us.”[14] 15Everyone in the Sanhedrin stared at Stephanos and saw that his face was like the face of an angel.

Chapter 7

____________

 1a. The Greek-speaking Jews (Hellenists) were “secular” Jews who clung to the Greek language and culture, even though they were also of Hebrew descent. Obviously, a large number of them had become followers of HaDerek, the Way, as the Believers in Messiah called themselves. [RETURN]

 1b. This certainly wasn’t intentional neglect. There was simply too much work for twelve men to do. Pastors, take note: you don’t have to do everything yourself. Your job is to teach Believers to do the work of the ministry.

Furthermore, He gave some people as emissaries, some as prophets, some as proclaimers of the Good News, and some as shepherds and teachers. Their task is to equip God's people for the work of service that builds the body of the Messiah, until we all arrive at the unity implied by trusting and knowing the Son of God, at full manhood, at the standard of maturity set by the Messiah's perfection. (Eph 4:11-13, CJB) [RETURN]

 2. It wasn’t that the work of tending to the physical needs of the community was beneath them, it was simply the fact that attention to the teaching of the Word was of higher priority, and the Twelve could not possibly tend to the needs of more than 8,000 Believers. [RETURN]

 4. Again, pastors and elders, note that your primary responsibility must be personal prayer and the teaching ministry. In my personal opinion, your family must come next, before your congregation. As the son of a pastor, and a pastor myself, I have seen too many “preacher’s kids” grow up leaving the assembly because “the church stole my father from me!” [RETURN]

 8. Grace, Greek χάρις (charis), is used of the kindness of a master toward his inferiors or servants, and so especially of God toward men; good-will, loving-kindness, favor. [RETURN]

 9. There is some confusion regarding this particullar synagogue. It may have been that the "Freedmen" were released Roman slaves, who having embraced Judaism had their synagogue at Jerusalem. There is also a possibility that they were "Libertines" which would mean that the synagogue was built for Jews dwelling in Libertum (a Jewish community in Africa). It is also a possibility that they were Jews living in Rome who had been made slaves by the Romans under Pompey but afterward were set free, and had built a synagogue at Jerusalem. See the article at BibleAsk.org [RETURN]

11. That is, against Torah, but more likely against their takanot. [RETURN]

12. The Great Sanhedrin, consisting of 71 Sages, was the highest court of law for Israel, and was comperable to our own Supreme Court. [RETURN]

13. The Temple. [RETURN]

14. Notice that these are the same blasphemous charges that the Gentile Church, as a large portion of their doctrine, brings against Yeshua HaMashiach and Rav Sha'ul today! Neither Yeshua nor Rav Sha'ul ever taught anything contrary to the Torah, though both spoke against the takanot. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Shabbat, 25 April 2020
Revised some text, added dates, notes, comments, outline on Tuesday, 08 June 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!