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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 9 ~

[Historical Note: Emperor Tiberius dies 15 March 37 CE]

[Damascus, Syria [MAP] 37 CE]

III. From Sha'ul’s Awakening to the First Missionary Journey (chs 9-12)

A. Sha'ul’s Awkening (9:1-31)

1. Sha'ul’s Persecution Chartered by the Sanhedrin (9:1-2)

1Still breathing threats and murder against the Lord’s talmidimdisciples, Sha'ulPaul went to the Kohen HaGadolHigh Priest 2and asked for warrants from him to the synagogues of DammesekDamascus, authorizing him to arrest anyone he found who were members of HaDerekThe Way[GN], whether men or women, and bring them to Yerushalayim [for trial as heretics].[2]

2. Sha'ul Encounters Yeshua (9:3-16)

 3As he was nearing  Dammesek, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around[3] him. 4He fell to the ground, and heard a voice say to him, “Sha'ul, Sha'ul, why are you persecuting Me?”

5He asked, “Who are you, Lord?”

The Lord said, “I am Yeshua,Whom you are persecuting.[5] 6Get up, go into the city, and you will be told what you have to do.”

7The men who were traveling with him stood speechless, hearing the sound but seeing no one.[7] 8Sha'ul got up from the ground, and when he opened his eyes he couldn’t see anything. So they led him by the hand into Dammesek. 9He was blind for three days, and neither ate nor drank.

10Now there was a talmiddisciple at Dammesek named HananiahAnanias. The Lord said to him in a vision, “Hananiah!

He said, “Hiene aniHere I am, Lord.”

11The Lord said to him, “Get up and go to Y'hudah’sJudah’s house on Straight Street and ask for a man named Sha'ul of Tarsus. He is praying, 12and in a vision he has seen a man named Hananiah come and lay his hands on him to restore his sight.

13But Hananiah answered, “Lord, I have heard from many about this man and all the evil he did to your holy ones at Yerushalayim. 14He is here with authority from the Cohenim GadolimHead Priests (Sanhedrin) to arrest everryone who calls on Your name.”

15But the Lord said to him, “Go, for he is My chosen instrument to take My name to the GoyimGentiles, or nations, kings, and the children of Yisra'el. 16I will show him how much he must suffer for My name.

3. Sha'ul Filled with Ruach HaKodesh (9:17)

17Hananiah went and entered the house. Laying his hands on him, he said, “Brother Sha'ul, the Lord Yeshua, Who appeared to you on the road as you were coming here, has sent me so you may see again and be filled with Ruach HaKodesh.”

4. Sha'ul Immersed (9:18-19)

18Immediately something like scales fell from his eyes, and he received his sight. He got up and was immersed. 19He ate and was strengthened, and he stayed for several days with the talmidimdisciples in Dammesek.

5. Sha'ul Testifies at Damascus (9:20-22)

20He immediately began proclaiming Yeshua in the synagogues saying, “He is the Son of God.” 21Everyone who heard him was amazed, and said, “Isn’t this the man who wreaked havoc in Yerushalayim on everyone who called on this name? And didn’ he come here intending to bring them in chains before the Cohenim Gadolim?”

22But Sha'ul increased more in strength, and confounded the Jews[GN] who lived at Dammesek, proving that Yeshua is the Messiah.

6. Sha'ul Escapes from Damascus (9:23-25)

 23After quite some time the Y’hudim conspired to kill him, 24but Sha'ul discovered their plot. They watched the city gates day and night in order to kill him. 25But one night his talmidim took him and lowered him in a basket through a window in the wall.

[Sla'ul spends three years in Arabia being taught by Yeshua,
About 38-40 CE]

7. Sha'ul Goes to Arabia, then back to Damascus (Gal 9:17)

Galatians 9:17… I immediately went away into Arabia and then I returned to DammesekDamascus. 18It wasn’t until three years later that I went up to Jerusalem to meet KefaPeter, and I stayed with him fifteen days. 19But I didn’t see any of the other Shilachim except the Lord’s brother Ya'akovJacob, falsely called “James”.

8. Sua'ul Visits Jerusalem Briefly (Gal 9:18-19; Ac 9:26-29)

[Jerusalem, ca. 41 CE]

26When Sha'ul arrived at Yerushalayim, he tried to associate with the talmidim; but they were all afraid of him, not believing that he was a talmiddisciple. 27But Bar-NabaSon of Encouragement took him and brought him to the Sh'liachim, and explained to them how he had seen the Lord on the road, and that He had spoken to him, and how at Dammesek he had spoken boldly in the name of Yeshua. 28So Sha'ul stayed with, moving about freely in Yerushalayim, 29proclaiming boldly in the name of the Lord. He spoke and debated with the Hellenists,[29] but they were trying to kill him.

9. Sha'ul Returns to Tarsus (9:30-31)

 30When the brothers found out, they brought him down to Caesarea, [MAP] and sent him off to Tarsus. [MAP] 31So the Messianic Communities throughout all Y'hudahJudea, the GalilGalilee, and ShomronSamaria had a time of peace. They grew in strength and numbers, walking in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of Ruach HaKodesh.

B. Kefa’s Ministry in Lydda (9:32-43)

1. Aenes Healed (9:32-35)

32As Kefa traveled throughout the region, he came down to the Believers who lived at LodLud, Lydda [MAP]. 33There he encountered a man named Aeneas who had been bedridden for eight years because he was paralyzed. 34Kefa said to him, “Aeneas, Yeshua HaMashiach heals you. Get up and make your bed!” He immediately got up. 35Everyone who lived at Lod and in Sharon[35] [MAP] saw him, and they turned to the Lord.

2. Dorcas Raised from the Dead (9:36-43)

36At YafoJaffa, Joppa [MAP] there was a talmid named TavitaTabitha, whose Greek name was Dorcas.[36] She was always occupid with good works and acts of charity. 37She became sick and died. When they had washed her, they laid her in an upstairs room. 38Since Lud was near Yafo, the talmidim heard that Kefa was there, so they sent two men to him, asking him to hurry to where they were. 39Kefa got up and went with them. When they arrived, they brought him into the upstairs room. All the widows stood around him, weeping and showing him the tunics and garments that Dorcas had made while she was with them. 40Kefa sent them all out of the room, knelt down, and prayed. Turning toward her body, he said, “Tavita, get up!” She opened her eyes, and when she saw Kefa, she sat up. 41He gave her his hand, and helped her up. Calling the Believers and widows, he presented her to them alive. 42It became known throughout all Yafo, and many believed in the Lord. 43Kefa stayed for for several days in Yafo with Shim'on, a tanner.

Chapter 10


  2. Please read the extensive note on Sha'ul/Paul HERE. [RETURN]

  3. … flashed around: Greek περιήστραψεν (periēstrapsen), to flash (gleam) around like lightning. From peri and astrapto; to flash all around, i.e. envelop in light. [RETURN]

 5. TR adds “It’s hard for you to kick against the goads.” Some mss add, “Trembling and astonished, he asked, ‘Lord, what do you want me to do?’” [RETURN]

  7. I have heard many otherwise eloquent sermons delivered regarding “Paul’s vision,” but it clearly was not a vision. Those who were traveling with him heard the sound of Yeshua’s voice. One cannot hear another person’s vision. [RETURN]

29. The Hellenists were Hebrews who used the Greek language and embraced Greek culture. [RETURN]

35. Sharon was a level region extending from Caesarea Maritima as far as Jaffa, abounding in good pasture and famous for its fertility. [RETURN]

36. “Dorcas” is Greek for “Gazelle.” [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Sunday, 26 April 2020
Added outline, additional notes and comments on Wednesday, 09 June 2021

Page last updated on Wednesday, 01 June 2022 12:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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