The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 10 ~

Cornelius’s Vision

1In Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a Centurion of the Roman “Italian Regiment.” 2He was a devout God-fearer, as was his entire household. He generously contributed to the needs of the people, and prayed to God regularly. 3At about the ninth hour of the day, he clearly saw in a vision an angel of God coming to him, saying “Cornelius!”

4Frightened, he gazed at the angel and asked him, “What is it, Sir?”

The angel said, “Your prayers and your gifts to the needy have been noticed and appreciated by God. 5Now send some men to Joppa, and get Shim'on Kefa. 6He’s staying with Shim'on the tanner at his house by the seaside.

7After the angel left, Cornelius called two of his household servants and a devout soldier from his regiment. 8After giving them instructions, he sent them to Joppa.

Kefa’s Vision

 9The next day as they were on their journey, as they were coming close to the city, Kefa went up on the housetop to pray at about noon. 10He got hungry and wanted something eat; while they were preparing his meal, he fell into a trance. 11He saw heaven opened and some sort of container of  coming down toward him, like a huge sheet being let to the earth down by its four corners. 12In the “sheet” were all sorts of four-footed animals, wild animals, reptiles, and birds. 13A voice came to him, “Get up, Kefa, kill and eat!”[13]

14But he said, “Oh, no, Lord; for I have never eaten anything that is common or unclean.”[14]

15The voice came to him again, “What God has purified, you must not call unclean.”[15] 16This was done three times, and immediately the vessel was taken back up into heaven.

Kefa Visits Cornelius

 17Now while Kefa was very perplexed about what the vision he had seen might mean, the men whom Cornelius had sent, having asked for directions to Shim'on’s house, stood outside the gate, 18and called and asked whether Shim'on Kefa was staying there. 19While Kefa was considering the vision, the Ruach said to him, “Look, three men are asking for you.[19] 20Get up, go downstairs, and go with them; don’t doubt anything, because I have sent them to get you.

21Kefa went down to greet the the men, and said, “I’m the man you’re looking for. Why have you come?”

22They said, “Centurian Cornelius, a tzadik God-fearer with an excellent reputation among the Jewish people, was directed by a holy angel to invite you to his house, and to listen to what you have to say.” 23So he invited them in and put them up for the night. The next day Kefa got up and set out with them, with some of the brothers from Joppa going with.

Kefa at Caesarea

24The next day they arrived at Caesarea. Cornelius was waiting for them, having invited his relatives and close friends to join them. 25When Kefa entered the house, Cornelius met him, fell down at his feet, and began to worship him. 26But Kefa stood him up and said, I’m just a man like you.” 27While they were talking, they went into the house and saw everyone gathered there. 28Kefa told them, “You know it isn’t lawful for Jew to associate with anyone of another nationality, but God has shown me that I shouldn’t call any man unholy or unclean. 29So I didn’t complain when I accepted your invitation. But I need to ask you why you sent for me.”

30Cornelius said, “Four days ago I was fasting until this time of day, and at the ninth hour, I was praying in my house, and there was a man standing in front of me dressed in bright clothing, 31and he said, ‘Cornelius, your prayer is heard, and your gifts to the needy are remembered by God. 32So send to Joppa for Shim'on Kefa. He stays in the home of Shim'on the tanner by the seaside. When he comes, he will speak to you.’ 33So I immediately sent to for you, and it was good of you to come. So we’ve gathered here in the sight of God to hear everything that God has commanded you.”

Good News for the Goyim

34Kefa began to speak, “Truly, I perceive that God doesn’t show favoritism; 35but in every nation anyone who fears Him and lives righteously is acceptable to Him. 36The message that He has given to the children of Yisra'el, the good news of peace through Yeshua the Messiah — He is Lord of all — 37you’ve certainly heard; it has been announced throughout all Y'hudah, beginning from Galilee, after the immersion which Yochanan preached; 38how God annointed Yeshua of Nazareth with Ruach HaKodesh and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him. 39We are witnesses of everything He did both in the countryside of Y'hudah, and in Yerushalayim; and they killed Him by crucifixion. 40But God raised Him up the third day, and arranged for Him to be revealed, 41not to all the people, but only to witnesses who had been chosen beforehand by God; to us who ate and drank with Him after He arose from the dead. 42He commanded us to proclaim to the people and to testify that this He is the One Whom God has appointed be the Judge of both the living and the dead. 43All the prophets testify about Him, that through His name everyone who believes in Him will receive remission of their sins.”

Ruach HaKodesh Falls on Goyim

44While Kefa was still speaking these words, Ruach HaKodesh fell on all those who had heard this message. 45All the believers from the Circumcision faction[45] who had come with Kefa were shocked, because the gift of Ruach HaKodesh was also poured out on Gentiles! 46They knew this because they heard them speaking in other languages and glorifying God.

Then Kefa asked, 47“Is there anyone here who would forbid them tevilah? Shouldn’t these who have received Ruach HaKodesh like we did also be immersed?” 48He commanded them to be immersed in the name of Yeshua the Messiah. Then they asked him to stay on for a few days.

Chapter 11


13. Since HaShem is echad (one), and the Father is HaShem, the Son is HaShem, and the Spirit is HaShem, I have marked all the words of Deity in red, not just the words of the Son. [RETURN]

14. HaShem has provided a list of foods that are “unclean” for human consumption, that is, not “food” for mankind in Leviticus 11. Before you say, “but that is just for the Jews, and ‘Jesus’ set aside the Torah,” may I remind you that Noach knew the difference between “clean” and “unclean” animals (Genesis 7:1-3), and he lived a thousand years before the first Jew walked the earth. And, as amazing as it may sound, science agrees with HaShem. Read that article HERE. [RETURN]

15. The Church almost universally teaches that this verse means that HaShem has changed His mind about what He does and does not want us to eat. However, HaShem doesn’t change His mind (Malachi 3:6), and Kefa himself explains (v 28) that this vision has nothing to do with food, but with the acceptance of Gentiles into the Kingdom of God. [RETURN]

19. Since HaShem is echad (one), and the Father is HaShem, the Son is HaShem, and the Spirit is HaShem, I have marked all the words of Deity in red, not just the words of the Son. [RETURN]

45. In his Jewish New Testament Commentary (pp.260-261), Stern suggests that this term might be a reference to all Jews, or only to those who were prostelites who had come to faith in Messiah, and he indicates it is probably the latter. For a Goy (Gentile) to become a Jewish prostelite one would have to undergo a formal “conversion” process which involved foreswaring all prior religious affiliation or conviction, being circumcised for men, taking a Hebrew name, undergoing tevilah (immersion), and entering a process of Torah study. This was called being “born again” (as a Jew). Following this “conversion” they were considered Jews, no longer Gentiles. Before Cornelius, no Gentile had come to faith in Messiah and it was assumed this would always be the case. Apparently the men in this category who were with Kefa were amazed that these unconverted Goyim received Ruach HaKodesh without the benefit of circumcision. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Tuesday, 28 April 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return