The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 11 ~

Kefa’s Report to Yerushalayim

1Now the Sh'liachim and the brothers[1] who throughout Y'hudahJudea heard that the Goyim had also received the word of God. 2When KefaPeter came up[2a] to Yerushalayim, those who were of the Circumcision faction[2b] challenged him. 3They said, “You went into the homes of uncircumcised men,[3a] and actually ate with them!”[3b]

4But Kefa began systematically explaining to them, 5“I was in the city of Joppa praying, and in a trance I saw a vision: some kind of container was coming down towards me, like it was a huge sheet being let down from heaven by its four corners. It came all the way down to me. 6When I had looked carefully at it, I considered, and saw four-footed animals, wild animals, creeping things, and birds of the sky. 7I also heard a voice saying to me, ‘Get up, Kefa; kill and eat!8But I said, ‘Oh no, Lord! Nothing unholy or unclean has ever entered into my mouth.’[8] 9But a voice from heaven answered me a second time, ‘What God has purified, don’t you call unclean.’ 10This happened three times, and then everything was drawn back up into heaven. 11Then immediately three men were standing outside the house where I was, having been sent from Caesarea to fetch me. 12The Spirit told me to go with them, without discriminating. These six brothers also went with me, and we entered into the man’s house. 13He told us how he had seen an angel standing in his house, and saying, ‘Send to Joppa, and have Shim'on Kefa brought here. 14He will speak words to you words by which you will be saved, you and your entire household.’ 15Just as I began to speak, Ruach HaKodesh fell upon them, just as he had fallen upon us at the beginning. 16Then I remembered the Lord’s words, how He used to say, ‘Yochanan immersed in water, but you will be immersed in Ruach HaKodesh.’ 17If God gave them the same gift He gave to us when we believed in the Lord Yeshua the Messiah, who was I to argue with God?”

18When they heard that, they held their peace and glorified God, saying, “Then God has also granted to the Gentiles repentance[18] that leads to life!”

The Messianic Community in Antioch

19Those who had been scattered by the persecution that began with Stephenos traveled as far as Phoenicia, Kypros, and Antioch,[19] speaking the Word to nobody except Y’hudim. 20But there were some men from Kypros and Cyrene came to Antioch began spoke to the Hellenists also, preaching the Lord Yeshua. 21The hand of the Lord was with them, and a large number believed and turned to the Lord. 22The news abouot them came to the attention of the Holy Community in Yerushalayim, and they sent Bar-Nabba[22] to Antioch. 23When he arrived and witnessed the grace of God, he rejoiced, and began to encourage them all, that with a resolute of heart they should remain true to the Lord, 24for he was a good man, full of Ruach HaKodesh and of faith, and many people were brought to the Lord.

25Bar-Nabba went to Tarsus to look for Sha'ul. 26When he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For an entire year they fellowshiped with the Holy Community there, and taught many people. The talmidim were first called “Messianic” in Antioch.[26]

27Now at that time, some prophets came down from Yerushalayim to Antioch. 28One of them named Agabus stood up, and indicated by the Spirit that there would be a great famine all over the world. This was fulfilled while Claudius was still emperor.[28] 29As many of the talmidim had the means to do so, they determined to send relief to the brothers who lived in Y'hudah; 30which they did by sending it with of Bar-Nabba and Sha'ul to the elders.

Chapter 12


  1. The word for “brothers” here and where context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters” or “siblings” or “countrymen.” [RETURN]

 2a. Since Jerusalem is the capital city of the world, whenever a Jewish person, anywhere in the world, is traveling towards Jerusalem he/she is “going up”; when traveling away from Jerusalem, one is “going down.” [RETURN]

2b. Prostelites, circumcised Believers who were former Goyim. See the note on Acts 10:45. Before the Jerusalem Council (Acts 15, a few years after this) it was asumed that in order to become part of HaDerek (the Messianic Community) one would first had become a Prostelite. [RETURN]

 3a. “Uncircumcised” or “uncircumcision” is a Hebrew euphamism for “non-Jew” or “Gentile,” usually used as a racial slur. [RETURN]

 3b. I find it interesting that newer members of any movement or organization are generally greater nitpickers than those who have been around for a while. These men who were formerly Gentiles wouldn’t dream of associating with Gentiles, and rebuked Kefa for doing so.  [RETURN]

  8. For over 1,800 years the Church has taught that the disciples and Apostles “converted to Christianity” when they came to faith in Yeshua. That’s simply not true. And it’s similar to Islam’s claim that the Jewish Patriarchs and Yeshua were all Muslims.

“Jesus was not only a Palestinian, but he was the first Islamic martyr, a senior Palestinian leader said this week. … ‘The prophets were all of the same religion [Islam]… Jesus was born in this land; he lived in this land,’ he said. ‘It is known that he was born in Bethlehem… He also lived in Nazareth, moved to Jerusalem. So he was a Palestinian par excellence… We respect Jesus, we believe in him [as a Muslim prophet], just as we believe in the prophet Muhammad.’” The Jerusalem Post, “Senior Palestinian claims Jesus was an Islamic martyr.” 30 Dec. 2019. Accessed 29 April 2020.

The Sh'liachim (Emissaries, Apostles) and all of the early Messianic Jews remained faithful to Torah. This event occurred quite some time after the Resurrection and we find Kefa still adhering to the food mitzvot of Torah. Near the end of his life,  Sha'ul claimed, “I am (not I was) a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees.” (Acts 23:6). See also Acts 26:4-5.

A couple of years ago I let a friend talk me into going with them to a church service (much against my better judgement), and I was utterly dismayed when I heard the pastor say, “And old Peter just couldn’t wait to get out of there and go grab himself a ham sandwich and a shrimp cocktail.” And yes, the rest of his message was just as blasphemous and misguided! Needless to say, I haven’t been back. [RETURN]

18. To repent does not mean simply to chnage one’s mind or to be sorry for what one has done. The Hebrew word bwX (Shuwb) means to turn back or away from evil and return to God and His Torah, to be restored to right relationship with God. [RETURN]

19. Antioch was the capital of Syria, situated on the river Orontes, founded by Seleucus Nicanor in 300 BCE and named in honour of his father, Antiochus. Many Hellenistic Jews lived there. [RETURN]

22. Bar-Nabba beans “son of encouragement.” [RETURN]

26. In all likelihood, this was intended as derision rather than as a complement. The followers of Yeshua referred to their sect of Judaism as HaDerek (The Way). I can just imagine their detractors saying something like, “Those idiots think that carpenter was the Messiah, but he’s long dead and buried. What a bunch of Messianics!” [RETURN]

28. Claudius ruled the Roman empire from 41-54 CE. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Tuesday, 28 April 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return