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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 13 ~

[Antioch [MAP] Summer 45]

IV. First Missionary Journey (chs 13 & 14) [45-47 CE][a]

A. Bar-Nabba and Sha'ul Set Apart by Ruach HaKodesh (13:1-5)

1In the Messianic Community[GN] in Antioch there were some prophets and teachers:[1] Bar-NabbaSon of Encouragement, Shim`onSimon (known as NigerBlack), Lucius (from Cyrene [MAP]), MenachemManaen (the foster brother of Herod the governor), and Sha'ulPaul. 2One day as they were worshipping the Lord and fasting, Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit told them, “Set aside Bar-Nabba and Sha'ul for me, for the work to which I have called them.”

3After they had fasted and prayed, they and placed their hands[3] on them and sent them off. 4So, having being sent by Ruach HaKodesh, they went down to Seleucia [MAP], and from there they sailed to Kypros [MAP].

5When they were at Salamis [MAP], they began to proclaim the Word of God in the Jewish[GN] synagogues. They had also Yochanan MordichaiJohn Mark[5] as their helper.

B. Opposition from HaSatan (13:6-13)

 6When they had gone through the island as far Paphos, [MAP] they encountered a sorcerer,[6] a Jewish false prophet who was called Bar-YeshuaSon of Salvation, 7who was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, a man of understanding. This man summoned Bar-Nabba and Sha'ul, and sought to hear the word of God. 8But Elymas[8] the sorcerer (that’s how his name is translated) opposed them and tried to turn the proconsul away from the faith. 9hen Sha'ul (who is also called Paulus[9]) filled with Ruach HaKodesh, looked directly at Elymas 10and said, “You are full of all deceit and you are a fraud, you son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness. Will you never stop perverting the right ways of the Lord? 11Now look, the hand of the Lord is against you, and for a time you will be blind and not able to see the sun!”

Immediately a mist and darkness came over him, and he groped about, seeking someone to lead him by the hand. 12Then the proconsul believed when he saw what had happened, and was astonished at the teaching of the Lord.

13After Sha'ul and his companions set sail from Paphos, and came to Perga [MAP] in Pamphylia [MAP], where Yochanan left them to return to Yerushalayim.

C. Rav Sha'ul Preaches Yeshua in Pisidian Antioch  (13:14-43) [46 CE]

 14From Perga they traveled inland to Pisidian Antioch.[14] On Shabbat they went into the synagogue and sat down. 15After the reading from the Torah and the Prophets, the synagogue leaders sent word to them, saying, “Brothers, if you have any word of exhortation for the people, speak it.”[15]

16Sha'ul stood up, beckoned with his hand, and said, “Men of Yisra'el, and you God-fearers[GN], hinneh.[GN] 17The God of the people of Yisrael chose our fathers. He made them into a great[17] people during their stay as aliens in the land of Egypt, and with an uplifted arm, He led them out from it. 18For a period of about forty years He put up with them in the wilderness. 19When He had vanquished seven nations in the land of Canaan, He gave their land to His people as an inheritance — all this took about four hundred fifty years. 20After this He gave them judges until the time of the prophet Sh'mu'elSamuel. 21Then they asked for a king, and God gave to them forty years under Sha'ul Bar-Kish, from the tribe of Benjamin. 22After removing Sha'ul, He raised up David to be their king, about whom He testified, ‘I have found David bar-YishaiDavid the son of Jesse to be a man after My own heart, a man who will do whatever I ask of him.’ 23Just as He had promised, from this man’s descendants  God has brought to Yisra'el a Savior, Yeshua[23]. 24Before the arrival of Yeshua, Yochanan had been preaching to Yisra'el an immersion related to turning away from sin and back to God and His Torah.  25As Yochanan was finishing his work, he said, ‘Who do you suppose I am? I’m not the one we’ve been waiting for. But One is coming after me, the sandals of Whose feet I am not worthy to untie.’ 26Brothers, children of the stock of Avraham, and you God-fearers! The message of this salvation has been sent out to us! 27For the people living in Yerushalayim and their rulers, because they didn’t recognize either Him or the message of the prophets who are read every Shabbat, fulfilled the words of those prophets by condemning Him. 28Even though they could find no legitimate reason for His death, they still asked Pilate to have Him killed. 29When they had fulfilled everything that had been written about Him, they took Him down from the tree and laid Him in a tomb. 30But God raised Him from the dead! 31And He was seen for many days by those who had come up with Him from Galilee to Yerushalayim; they are now His witnesses to the people. 32We are bringing you the Good News that what God promised to the Fathers, 33He has now fulfilled to us, their children, in that he raised up Yeshua! As it is indeed written in the second psalm,

‘You are my Son.
Today I have become Your Father.’[33]

34“Since He has raised Him up from the dead, never to return to decay, He said: ‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings I promised to David.’[34] 35This He further explains in another psalm, ‘You will not allow Your Holy One see decay.’[35] 36For David, after he had served God’s purpose in his own generation, died, was buried with his fathers, and saw decay. 37But the one whom God raised from the dead saw no decay. 38Therefore, brothers, let it be known to you that through this Man the fogriveness of sins is proclaimed to you! 39Everyone who puts his trust in Him is cleared by God from everything from which you could not be cleared by the Torah of Moshe. 40Watch out, then, so this word spoken in the Prophets does not happen to you:

41‘Look, you  mockers, and marvel and die;
because I am doing a work in your time ,
one which you simply will not believe,
even if someone explains it to you.’”[41]

42As they were leaving the synagogue, the prople asked then to continue the message the following Shabbat. 43When the synagogue meeting broke up, many of the Y’hudim and devout proselytes followed Sha'ul and Bar-Nabba, who spoke to them and urged them to continue in the grace of God.

D. Unbelieving Jews Reject the Gospel; Rav Sha'ul Turns to the Gentiles (13:44-52)

44The next Shabbat almost the whole city was gathered together to hear the word of God. 45But when the [unbelieving] Jews[GN] saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy and blasphemously contradicted what Sha'ul was saying.

46But Sha'ul and Bar-Nabba answered boldly, “It was necessary that God’s word should be spoken to you first. But since you reject it, and consider yourselves unworthy of eternal life, we’re going to turn to the Goyim.[GN] 47For ADONAI has ordered us,

‘I have set you as a light for the Goyim,
for you to bring salvation to the farthest parts of the earth.’”[47],

48When the Goyim heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord. All those who had been appointed to eternal life trusted, 49and the Word of the Lord spread throughout the whole region. 50But the [unbelieving] Jews[GN] incited the devout and prominent women and the leading men of the city, and instigated a persecution against Sha'ul and Bar-Nabba, and drove them out of their district. 51So they shook the dust off their feet as a testimony against them,[51] and went to Iconium. [MAP] 52The talmidim were continually filled with joy and with with Ruach HaKodesh.

Chapter 14


Map of Sha'ul’s first missionary journey  a. Locations of Sha'ul’s first missionary journey included:

See a summary and map on Wikipedia. [RETURN]

  1. See 1Cor 12:28-29 and Eph 4:11-12. [RETURN]

  3. There is nothing mystical or magical about the “laying on of hands.” It is simply a means of designatinig a person or object for a particular purpose or of  conferring the duties and privileges of an office. [RETURN]

 5. Yochanan Mordichai (John Mark) was the cousin of Bar-Nabba (Col 4:10) and the author of the second Gospel account, which bears his name. [RETURN]

  6. Greek magoß magos, a mage; the name given by the Babylonians (Chaldeans), Medes, Persians, and others, to the wise men, teachers, priests, physicians, astrologers, seers, interpreters of dreams, augers, soothsayers, sorcerers, etc. I have rendered it as “sorcerer” because the context suggests he was probably working satanic miracles. I find it interesting, but not at all coincidental, that as the work of God increases, so does the work of the Adversary. Here in the latter days as HaShem is reaching out one last time, so is the Adversary. [RETURN]

  8. Greek elumaß, Elumas, “a wise man,” the Arabic name of the Jewish sorcerer Bar-Yeshua. [RETURN]

  9. Greek pauloß, Paulos, Sha'ul’s name in Greek. [RETURN]

14. This is not the same Antioch as in chapter 11. This city was in Pisidia [MAP] on the borders Phrygia, founded by Seleucus Nicanor. Under the Romans it became a “colonia” and was also called Caesarea (not the city in northeastern Israel). [RETURN]

15. During the Shabbat service in the synagogue it was, and still is, the custom to read the weekly portion (parasha) from the Torah followed by a related passage from the Prophets. This is followed by the drash, an expository teaching on the parasha. Between the Scripture readings and the teaching it was, and in many congregations still is, customary to invite any visiting Rabbi to address the congregation. Sha'ul and his companions were obviously recognized as visiting rabbis. [RETURN]

17. Greek uyoo, hupsoo, to lift up on high, to exalt; metaph. to raise to the very summit of opulence and prosperity to exalt, to raise to dignity, honour and happiness. Not only did the people prosper while in Egypt, they also grew from a 70-person family unit to a “great” (large) nation of well over two million people. [RETURN]

23. The name Yeshua means “salvation.” Had you been there that day, you would have heard Rav Sha'ul say, “God has brought to Yisra'el a deliver, Salvation.” [RETURN]

33. Psalm 2:7. [RETURN]

34. Isaiah 55:3. The reason passages from the Tanakh are often quoted differently in the Apostolic Writings is that often the speaker or writer is quoting from the Greek Septuagint translation, not the Hebrew Tanakh. At other times the speaker/writer is paraphrasing to make a partiular point. [RETURN]

35. Psalm 16:10 [RETURN]

41. Habakkuk 1:5 [RETURN]

47. Isaiah 49:6 [RETURN]

51. Matt. 10:14; Mark 6:11; Luke 9:5; [RETURN]

Originally posted on Thursday, 30 April 2020
Added outline, date, maps, additional notes on Shabbat 12 June 2021

Page last updated on Wednesday, 01 June 2022 12:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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