The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut Ha'Shliyakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 17 ~

At Thessalonica

1When they traveled through Amphipolis and Apollonia they came to Thessalonica, where there was a Jewish synagogue. 2Following his custom,[2] Sha'ulPaul went to them, and for three Shabbats he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3explaining and showing that the Messiah had to suffer and rise from the dead, and saying, “This Yeshua I’m telling you about is the Messiah.”

4Some of them were convinced and joined Sha'ul and Silas, including a great number of the Greek God-fearers, plus several of the leading women.

The Assault on Jason’s House

5But the Y’hudim who were not convinced became jealous and took along some wicked men from the marketplace, and gathering a mob, they set the city in an uproar. Attacking Jason’s house, they wanted to drag them out to the people. 6When they didn’t find them, they dragged Jason and certain brothers[6] before the city authorities, shouting, “These men who have turned the world upside down have come here also, 7and Jason has welcomed them. They all act contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Yeshua!” 8The mob and the city authorities were upset when they heard these things. 9When they had obtained a pledge[9] from Jason and the others, they let them go.

At Berea

 10The brothers immediately sent Sha'ul and Silas away by night to Beroea, and when they arrived, they went into the Jewish synagogue.

11Now these were more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so. 12Many of them believed, along with a number of the prominent Greek women, and several men. 13But when the Y’hudim of Thessalonica found out that the word of God was being proclaimed by Sha'ul at Beroea also, they came there as well, agitating the crowds. 14Then the brothers immediately sent Sha'ul to go as far as the seacoast, but Silas and Timotheus stayed there. 15Those who escorted Sha'ul brought him as far as Athens. Receiving a command for Silas and Timotheus to should come to him as soon as possible, they departed.

At Athens

16Now while Sha'ul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw the city full of idols. 17So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Y’hudim and the God-fearers, and in the marketplace every day with everyone he met. 18Some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers also were conversing with him. Some said, “What does this babbler want to say?”

Others said, “He seems to be advocating foreign deities,” because he preached Yeshua and the resurrection.

19They took him and brought him to the Areopagus, asking, “May we know what this new teaching is that you’re spoking about? 20You are bringing some strange things to our ears, so want to know what these things mean.” 21Now all the Athenians and the strangers living there spent their time in nothing other than telling or hearing something new.

Sha'ul’s Mars Hill Sermon

22Sha'ul stood in the middle of the Areopagus, and said, “Men of Athens, I can see that you are very religious in everything. 23I was passing through and noticing the objects of your worship, I  foundan altar with the inscription: ‘TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.’ What you worship in ignorance, this I proclaim to you. 24The God who made the world and everything in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, He doesn’t dwell in temples made with hands, 25nor is He served by men’s hands, as though He needed anything, since it is He Himself Who gives everyone life and breath and everything else. 26He made from one individual every nation of mankind to love all over the surface of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings, 27that they would seek God, if perhaps they might reach out for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us. 28‘For in Him we live, and move, and exist.’ As some of your own poets have said, ‘For we are also His children.’ 29Since we are the children of God, we shouldn’t think that the Divine Nature is like gold, or silver, or stone, an image engraved by art man’s design. 30God has overlooked the times of ignorance; but now He declares that all people everywhere should repent, 31because He has appointed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through the Man Whom he has appointed, having provided proof to everying by having raised him from the Dead.”

32Now when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some mocked; but others said, “We want to hear you again concerning this.” 33Sohus Sha'ul went out from among them. 34But some men joined him, and believed, among whom were Dionysius the Areopagite, a woman named Damaris, and some others with them.

Chapter 18


  2. Throughout all the information we have about Sha'ul, we see that it was his regular custom to take the Good News first to the Jews, and only afterwards to the Goyim. [RETURN]

  6. The word for “brothers” here and where the context allows may be also correctly translated “brothers and sisters,” “siblings,” or “countrymen.” [RETURN]

  9. Pledge: Greek ikanoß, hikanos, sufficient; (1) many enough, enough; (2) sufficient in ability, i.e. meet, fit. Maybe “…when Jason had posted a bond…” [RETURN]


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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return