The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 18 ~

At Corinth

1After this, Sha'ulPaul left Athens and went to Corinth. 2There he met a Y'hudi named Aquila, originally from Pontus, but recently arrived from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had expelled all the Y’hudim from Rome.[2] Sha'ul came to them, 3and because he practiced the same occupation, he lived and workedwith them; for they were tentmakers[3] by trade. 4He reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and tried to persuade both Y’hudim and Goyim. 5When Silas and TimotheusTimothy came down from Macedonia, Sha'ul was completely devoted to solumnly preaching the message to the Y’hudim that Yeshua was the Messiah. 6When they resisted and blasphemed, he shook out his clothing and told them, “Your blood is on your own heads! I am clean. From now on, I will go to the Goyim!”

7So he left there, and went to the house of a God-fearer named Titius Justus, whose house was next door to the synagogue. 8Crispus, the president of the synagogue, came to trust in the Lord along with all his whole household. Many of the Corinthians, when they heard, also trusted and were immersed. 9One night in a vision ADONAI said to Sha'ul, “Don’t be afraid, but speak out and don’t stop; 10for I am with you, and no one will lay hands on you to hurt you, because I have many people in this city.”

11He lived there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them. 12But while Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Y’hudim united and rose up against Sha'ul and brought him before the judge, 13saying, “This man persuades men to worship God contrary to the law.”

14Just as Sha'ul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Y’hudim, “If it were a matter of a crime or moral evil, it would be reasonable for me to put up with you Y’hudim; 15but if these are questions about words, names, or your own law, take care of it yourselves. I don’t want to be a judge of such things.” 16So he drove them from the judgment bench.

17Then all the Greeks seized Sosthenes, the president of the synagogue, and beat him in front of the judgment bench. But Gallio wasn’t concerned about any of these things.

The Return to Antioch

18Sha'ul, stayed there for quite some time, then took his leave of the brothers,[18a] and sailed from there for Syria with Priscilla and Aquila. He shaved his head in Cenchreae, because he had taken a vow.[18b] 19When he arrived at Ephesus, and he left them there; but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Y’hudim. 20When they asked him to stay with them a longer time, he declined; 21but said his good-byes and said, “I have to keep this coming feast in Yerushalayim, but I’ll come back again to you if God wills,” Then he set sail from Ephesus.

22When he had landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the assembly, then went on to Antioch.

Third Missionary Journey

23After spening some time there, he left and went through the region of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthing all the talmidim.


24Meanwhile, a Y'hudi named Apollos, a native Alexandrian, an eloquent man who was well-learned in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus. 25This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things about Yeshua, although he knew only the immersion of Yochanan. 26He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. But when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him home, and explained the Way of God[26] in fuller detail.

27When he had decided to cross over into Achaia, the brothers encouraged him and wrote to the talmidim there to welcome him. When he had arrived, he greatly helped those who had trusted through grace; 28for he powerfully refuted the Y’hudim publicly, demonstrating through  the Scriptures that Yeshua was the Messiah.

Chapter 19


  2. Claudius reigned 41-54 CE. This expulsion probably occured in 49. See Wikipedia, “Claudius' expulsion of Jews from Rome” [RETURN]

  3. Tent-maker, Greek skenopoioß, skenopoios: one who makes small portable tents, of leather or cloth of goat's hair or linen, for the use of travellers.

Some scholars have also suggested that when the scriptures identify Paul as a “tent-maker,” they were actually referring to his being a Tallit maker. A tallit being likened to a tent. I am also inclined to believe this because Paul had been an observant Jew, dedicated, highly educated, and the scriptures infers he continued being observant when it did not pose a stumbling block to his gentile converts. However, I have been unable to conclusively prove this by any concrete evidence. The Greek texts do not seem to have a proper word for Tallit and the Greek word denoting tentmaker when addressed to believers may have been something understood in that day as representing the Tallit, but is lost to us now. We also have to think who were his customers, the early believers. Primarily urbane and to my thinking without the need of a tent, but very much in need of a Tallit for the Hebrew congregations. (, The Tallit in the NT, accessed 4 May 2020) [RETURN]

18a. The word for “brothers” here and where the context allows may also be correctly translated “brothers and sisters,” “siblings,” or “countrymen.” [RETURN]

18b. A Nazirite Vow. A nazirite (or nazarite) is one who voluntarily took a vow described in Numbers 6:1–21. “Nazirite” comes from the Hebrew word נזיר nazir meaning “consecrated” or “separated.” This vow required the person during this period of time to:

  • Abstain from all wine and anything else made from grapes. (Traditional Rabbinic authorities state that all other types of alcohol were permitted.)
  • Refrain from cutting the hair on one's head; but to allow the locks of the head's hair to grow.
  • Not to become ritually impure by contact with corpses or graves, even those of family members.

After following these requirements for a designated interval (which would be specified in the individual’s vow), the person would immerse (tevilah) in a mikveh and make three offerings: a lamb as a burnt offering (olah), a ewe as a sin-offering (hatat), and a ram as a peace offering (shelamim), in addition to a basket of unleavened bread, grain offerings and drink offerings, which accompanied the peace offering. They would also shave their head in the outer courtyard of the Jerusalem Temple and then place the hair on the same fire as the peace offering. (Numbers 6:18)

The nazirite is described as being “holy unto God,” yet at the same time must bring a sin-offering. This has led to divergent approaches to the nazirite in the Talmud, and later authorities, with some viewing the nazirite as an ideal, and others viewing him as a sinner. (Wikipedia, “Nazirite”) [RETURN]

26. The members of the Messianic Community called their sect of Judaism HaDerek, The Way. Perhaps what they explained to Apollos was the finer points of their sect. Whatever the case, Apollos knew only of Yochanan’s immersion and was able to readily present from the Tanakh that Yeshua was the Messiah. Therefore he would not have known of, or received, the indwelling of the Ruach HaKodesh. If everything held true to pattern, after having HaDerek fully explained to him, it is reasonable to asume that Apollos then received immersion into Yeshua and the indwelling Ruach, as his later history testifies. More HERE. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Monday, 04 May 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return