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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28


P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 20 ~

E. Into Macedonia and Greece (20:1-5) [Fall 57 to 58 CE]

1After the uproar had died down, Sha'ul sent for the talmidim. After encouraging them he said his goodbyes and left for Macedonia. [MAP]

[Sha'ul’s Second Letter to Corinth written from Macedonia, 57 CE]


1Tim1:3[Instructions to Timothy] As I urged you when I went to Macedonia, remain in Ephesus so that you may instruct certain people not to teach different doctrine.


2After he had traveled through that area and had said much to encourage the talmidim there, he went on to Greece. [MAP]

[Shaul’s letter to Rome written from Corinth in Greece, 57-58 CE]

 3After he had been there three months, as he was about to set sail for Syria, he found about a plot that had made against him by some of the unbelieving Y’hudim, so he decided to return through Macedonia. [MAP] 4He was accompanied by Sopater son of Pyrrhus from Beroea, Aristarchus and Secundus from Thessalonica, Gaius from Derbe, TimotheusTimothy, Tychicus, and Trophimus from Asia. 5These men had gone on ahead of us and were waiting for us at Troas. [MAP]

F. A Week in Troas (20:6-12)  [Spring, 58 CE]

 6After the Feast of Matzah[6] we sailed from Philippi [MAP] and met them at Troas five days later, and we stayed there for seven days.

7On Motza'ei-Shabbat,[7a] when we were gathered for dinner, Sha'ul was talking to them. Intending to leave the next day, he spoke until midnight.[7b] 8There were many lights in the upstairs room where we were gathered. 9One young man named Eutychus had fallen asleep sitting on the window sill. As Sha'ul was teaching, Eutychus fell deeply asleep, and fell from the third story; and when they picked him up he was dead. 10But Sha'ul went down, and threw himself on him, and embraced him. Then he said, “Don’t worry, he’s alive.”

11Then he went back upstairs, broke bread, and ate. Then he talked with them a lot longer, until daybreak, then he left. 12They took Eutychus home alive, and were greatly comforted.

G. From Troas to Milletus (20:13-16)

13Then we went on ahead to the ship set sail for Assos, [MAP] expecting Sha'ul to board there. That was his plan, to go alone by land. 14When he met us at Assos, he boarded and we came to Mitylene. [MAP] 15Sailing on from from there, we arrived off the coast of Chios [MAP] the next day. The day after that we landed at Samos, [MAP] stayed briefly at Trogyllium, and the day after that we arrived at Miletus. [MAP] 16Sha'ul had decided to sail past Ephesus, [MAP] so he would not have to spend any time in Asia, because he was in a hurry to make it to Yerushalayim [MAP] in time for Shavu`ot[16] if at all possible.

H. Sha'ul’s Tearful Farewell to the Ephesian Elders (20:17-38)

17From Miletus he sent word to Ephesus to have the ZakenimElders of the assembly come meet with him there. 18When they had arrived, he told them, “You know how I was with you constantly from the first day that I set foot in Asia, 19serving the Lord with all humility, with tears, and with ordeals from the plots of the unbelieving Y’hudimJews. 20You know I didn’t shrink from telling you anything that was profitable to you, teaching you both in public and privately from house to house, 21declaring the same message to both Y’hudim and GoyimGentiles, non-Kews — turn from sin toward God and put your trust in our Lord Yeshua haMashiachthe Messiah. 22Now I’m being compelled by the RuachSpirit to go to Yerushalayim, not knowing what will happen to me there, 23except that in town after town Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit warns me that imprisonment and persecution await me. 24But I consider my own life as totally unimportant, as long as I can finish my course and complete the assignment that I received from the Lord Yeshua, to declare the fullness of the Good News of God’s Grace.

25“Now I know that none of you, among whom I went about proclaiming the Kingdom of God, will ever see my face again. 26Therefore I testify to you this day that I am innocent of the blood of all men, 27because I didn’t shrink from declaring to you the whole plan of God. 28Be on guard for yourselves and for the flock over which Ruach HaKodesh has placed you as overseers, to shepherd HaShem’s[GN] Messianic Community, which He purchased with His own blood. 29I know that after I leave savage wolves will come in among you, and they won’t spare the flock. 30Even from among your own number, men will rise up and teach perversions, in order to draw away the talmidim away after them.[30] 31So stay vigilant, and remember that night and day for three years with tears I never stopped warning everyone. 32And now I entrust you to the care of HaShem, and to the message of His loving kindeness, which is able to build you up and give you the inheritance among all those who have been set apart by Hashem. 33I haven’t coveted anyone’s silver, gold, or clothing. 34You yourselves know that I worked hard to provide my own needs, as well as the needs of the men who were with me. 35In every way I have set an example for you, how you must work to help the weak, remembering the words of the Lord Yeshua Himself, ‘It is more rewarding to give than to receive.’

36When he had finished speaking, he knelt down and prayed with them all. 37They all wept openly, embraced Sha'ul, and kissed him, 38saddened most of all because he had said they would never see him again. Then they went with him to the ship.

Chapter 21

____________

  6. Unleavened Bread, the seven days immediately following Passover, beginning on Nisan 15. Leviticus 12:4-8 [RETURN]

 7a. This was for the Havdalah service that is celebrated every Saturday evening just as darkness has fallen, marking the end of the holy Shabbat and the beginning of the mundane new week; thus, “the first day of the week,” as the week starts an hour after sunset Saturday evening. After a brief ritual ceremony, there is often a communal meal followed by a period of Torah study. [RETURN]

 7b. I have often heard it taught, by men who do not understand Jewish customs, that “Paul preached from about 10:00 Sunday morninng until after midnight Sunday night.” In fact, since it was two weeks after Passover it was early spring. Assuming sunset about 7:00, Havdalah was about 8:00 followed by dinner until about 9:30 or 10:00, Sha'ul only led the Torah study for a little over two hours. [RETURN]

16. The Feast of Weeks, or Pentecost, 50 days after First Fruits, which is the Sunday following the weekly Shabbat that comes during Unleavened Bread [RETURN]

30. “According to the Center for the Study of Global Christianity (CSGC) at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary,” as of April 16, 2020, “there are approximately 41,000 Christian denominations and organizations in the world today. This statistic takes into consideration cultural distinctions between denominations in different countries, so there is an overlapping of many denominations.” There are also numerous congregations of the same denomination in many cities worldwide. This is because “men will rise up and teach perversions, in order to draw away the talmidim away after them.” This was never Yeshua’s plan, as He prayed “that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.” [RETURN]

Originally posted on Monday, 04 May 2020
Revised some text; added historical notes, map references, and outline on Tuesday, 15 June 2021

Page last updated on Saturday, 19 June 2021 01:58 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!