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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 21 ~

[Summer, 58 CE]

I. From Miletus to Tyre (21:1-3)

1After we had torn ourselves away from them and had set sail, we sailed directly to Cos, [MAP] and the next day to Rhodes, [MAP] and from there to Patara. [MAP] 2Having found a ship crossing over to Phoenicia, [MAP] we went aboard and set sail. 3When we had come in sight of Kypros, [MAP] we passed south of it, sailed on to Syria, [MAP] and landed at Tyre, [MAP] where the ship was due to unload her cargo.

J. Seven Days in Tyre (21:4-6)

4We looked up the talmidimdisciples and stayed there seven days. They kept telling Sha'ulPaul through the RuachSpirit (the Holy Spirit that he should not go up to Yerushalayim. 5When our stay there was over, we left and continued on our journey. All the talmidim, along with their wives and children, accompanied us out of the city. We knelt on beach and prayed. 6Then after bidding each other goodbye, we boarded the ship, and they went home.

K. On to Ptolemais and Caesarea; Ruach HaKodesh Warns Sha'ul (21:7-14)

7When we had finished the voyage from Tyre, we arrived at Ptolemais, [MAP] where we greeted the brothers and stayed with them for a day.

8The next day we left and came to Caesarea, [MAP] where we went to the home of PhilipposPhillip the evangelist, who was one of the Seven,[8] and stayed with him. 9Now this man had four unmarried daughters with the gift of prophecy. 10While we were staying there a few days, a prophet named AgavAgabus came down from Y'hudahJudea. [MAP] 11Coming to us, he took Sha'ul’s belt, bound his own feet and hands, and said, “This is  what Ruach HaKodesh says: ‘This is how the Y'hudimJudeans at Yerushalayim will bind the man who owns this belt, and they will deliver him into the hands of the GoyimGentiles, non-Jews.’”

12When we heard this, both we the local residents begged him not to go up to Yerushalayim. 13Then Sha'ul answered, “What are you doing, weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound, but aeven to die at Yerushalayim for the name of the Lord Yeshua.”

14Since he would not be persuaded, we stopped talking and simply said, “The Lord’s will be done.”

VIII. From Jerusalem to Rome (21:15-28:16)

A. Sha'ul Goes to Jerusalem (21:15-17)

15At the end of our stay, we packed bags and went up to Yerushalayim. [MAP] 16Some of the talmidim from Caesarea went with us, and brought us to the home of Mnason, a Cyprot and an elderly talmid, with whom we would stay.

B. At Jerusalem Sha'ul Completes His Nazirite Vow (21:17-26)

17When we arrived in Yerushalayim, the brothers welcomed us warmlly. 18The next day Sha'ul went with us to see Ya'akovJacob,[18] and all the ZakenimElders were present. 19When he had greeted them, he reported in great detail the things which HaShem[GN] had done among the Goyim through his ministry. 20When they heard this they praised HaShem. Then they said to him, “You see, brother, how many miriads[20] of the Y'hudimJews have believed, and they are all zealous for the Torah. 21But they have been told that you teach all the Y’hudim who live among the Goyim to abandon [the teachings of] MosheMoses, telling them not to have a b'rit-milahcovenant of circumcision for their sons nor to follow our traditions.[21] 22What do we need to do? They will surely hear that you have come. 23So do what we tell you. We have four men here who have also taken a vow.[23] 24Take them, purify yourself with them, and pay their vow expenses for shaving their heads. Then everyone will know that there is no truth in the rumors they have been told about you, but that you are also still walking Torah.[24] 25Now, regarding the Goyim who have come to trust in Messiah, we wrote a letter informing them of our decision that they should abstain from food that has been sacrificed to idols, from blood, from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality.”[25]

26So the next day Sha'ul took the men, purified himself, and went with them into the Temple to give notice of when the period of purification would be finished and the offering would be made for each of them.

C. Sha'ul Siezed by a Mob in the Temple Complex (21:27-30)

 27The seven days were almost up when some unbelieving Y’hudim from Asia saw him in the Temple, stirred up a mob, and seized him. 28“Men of Yisra'el, help!” they shouted.” This is the man who goes everywhere teaching against the people, the Torah, and this place! Now he has even brought Goyim into the Temple and defiled this holy place!”[28] 29(They had seen Trophimus, the Ephesian, in the city with him earlier and assumed that Sha'ul had brought him into the Temple.)

30The whole city was riled up and the people came running from everywhere. They seized Sha'ul and dragged him out of the Temple, and the Temple gates were immediately shut.[30]

D. Sha'ul Rescued and Bound by Roman Soldiers (21:31-40)

 31While they were trying to kill him, the commanding officer of the Roman regiment was told that Yerushalyaim was in an uproar. 32Immediately he took soldiers and centurions, and ran down to them. When they saw the commander and his soldiers, they stopped beating Sha'ul. 33Then the commander came up, took Sha'ul into custody, and ordered that he be bound with two chains. Then he asked who he was and what he had done. 34Everyone in the crowd shouted something different. When he couldn’t get reliable information because of the uproar, he ordered him to be taken to the barracks.[34]

35When Sha'ul got as far as the stairs, he had to be carried by the soldiers because the crowd has become so violent. 36The mob was chasing them and shouting, “Take him away!” 37As Sha'ul was about to be taken into the barracks, he asked the commander, “May I speak to you?”

The commander said, “You speak Greek? 38Aren’t you that Egyptian who started a rebellion a while ago and led four thousand Sicarii[38] out into the desert?”

39But Sha'ul said, “I am a Y'hudiJew, from Tarsus [MAP] in Cilicia, a citizen of an important city. I’m asking your permission to speak to these people.”

40When he had received permission, Sha'ul stood on the stairs and beckoned with his hand to the people. When they were finally quite, he spoke to them in Hebrew.[40]

Chapter 22


  8. “One of the Seven.” One of the seven men chosen to assist the ZakenimElders in their labors within the Messianic Communty. (Acts 6:1-6) This function was later to be called ShammashHelper or “Deacon” (1Tim. 3:8-13). [RETURN]

18. Ya'akov, intentionally mistranslated as “James”[GN] in nearly all English Bibles, was Yeshua’s half brother and leader of the Messianic Community in Jerusalem. If there ever was an actual “first Pope” it was Ya'akov, not KefaPeter, as Ya'akov was “president” of the Beit Din[GN] for HaDerek[GN]. [RETURN]

20. Greek μυριάδες (myriades), murias, ten thousahd, or by extension a countless or extremely great number, is translated as “thousands” in most English Bibles. This is really unfortunate because it distorts what is actually being reported. The minimum number represented by the word murias is ten thousand. The same word is also used in the Scriptures to mean “an innumerable multitude,” “an unlimited number,” or “innumerable hosts.” One use in the English Bible is translated “two hundred million.”

By most estimates, the population of Jerusalem at this time was about a hundred thousand, so there obviously weren’t “two hundred million” Messianic Believers. One or two myriads would not be referred to as “how many myriads,” but three or four myriads might be, and three or four myriads could represent between 30 and 40 percent (or even more) of the total population of Jerusalem at the time. And these Messianic Jews were all still zealous for the Torah. They had given up nothing of their “Jewishness” in order to become “Christians,” so to say that they had “converted” is totally inaccurate. They absolutely were not “Christians;” they were Jews who came to trust in the Jewish Messiah, Yeshua. [RETURN]

21. The Christian Church has been repeating the same lies about Rav Sha'ul and his message for the past 1,700 years. It’s time for this practice to stop. [RETURN]

23. Nazirite vow, as Sha'ul had done. See the note on 18:18. [RETURN]

24. “Walking Torah” means keeping the commandments of Torah, not perfectly, but to the best of one’s ability. It includes living a Jewish lifestyle and following Jewish customs that are not contrary to Torah. [RETURN]

25. See the note on 15:20. [RETURN]

28. More lies! Sha'ul never taught against the Torah or the Temple, and he most certainly would have never brought Goyim into the Court of the Jews, though they were welcome in the Court of the Goyim. See note 21, immediately above. [RETURN]

30. Whenever there was any kind of disturbance within the Temple complex, the Temple Guards, who were Levites in charge of security for the complex, would immediately shut and lock all the gates to the complex. [RETURN]

34. That is, took him into protective custody. [RETURN]

38. Latin sicarii (sing. sicarius), Greek sikarioß; Hebrew: סיקריים (siqariyim). Armed terrorists; assassins; literally meaning “dagger-man,” “dagger-wielder,” “cutthroat.” A fanatic group of Zealots who were involved in political assassination of both Jews and Romans. The Zealots were the religious/political activists similar to the modern religious ultra-right, except they advocated and actively promoted the violent overthrow of their political oppressors, like the “Branch Davidians” and those other self-called “Christian activists” who bomb abortion clinics. One of the Master’s Emissaries (Apostles) was Simeon Zelotes (Simon the Zealot). Among the Zealots was a group of political assassins whose occupation it was to execute those whom they considered political oppressors or trators to Israel. These were dispatched with a quick plunge of an ice-pick-like dagger called a sicae into the base of the brain. These assassins were known as Sicarii (singular sicarius) from the name of their weapon. The disciple who betrayed the Master was was Y'hudah the Sicarius (Judas Iscariot). [RETURN]

40. Many English Bibles say that Sha'ul spoke to them in Aramaic. The Greek word thus translated is Ἑβραΐδι (Hebraidi). It does not take a linquist to see that Hebraidi nowhere nearly resembles “Aramaic.” See note on 22:2. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Shabbat, 09 May 2020
Revised some text; added historical notes, map references, and outline on Wednesday, 16 June 2021

Page last updated on Thursday, 07 July 2022 04:38 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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