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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts: Introductory Notes and Outline
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 24 ~

[Caesarea [MAP] Late Summer 58 CE]

N. Sha'ul Before Governor Felix (24:1-26)

1. His Accusers Come to Caesarea (24:1)

1Five days later the Cohen HaGadol HananyahAnanias came down with some zekanimelders and a lawyer named Tertullus to present their case against Sha'ulPaul to the governor.

2. The Accusation (24:2-9)

 2When Sha'ul had been called in, Tertullus began to accuse him, saying [to the governor], “Because of you we enjoy a lasting peace, and through your foresight you are bringing reforms to our nation, 3We acknowledge this everywhere and in ever way, most excellent Felix. 4But I don’t want to waste your time, so I beg your indulgence to give us a brief hearing. 5We have found this man to be a plague, instigating insurrections among the Y’hudim all around the world. He’s a ringleader of the sect of the NatzratimNazarenes. 6He even tried to desecrate the temple, [but we arrested him, and wanted to try him under our Torah.][6] 7[but Garrison Commander Lysias came and violently took him from our custody.][7] 8[and ordered his accusers to come to you.][8] By interrogating him yourself you will be able to learn about everything we are accusing him of.”

9The Y'hudimJudeans, Jewish leaders[9] also joined in the attack, affirming that these things were so.

3. His Defense (24:10-23)

 10When the governor motioned to him to speak, Sha'ul answered, “Because I know that you have been a judge of this nation for many years, I gladly make my defense. 11You can determine that it is not more than twelve days ago that I went up to worship at Yerushalayim. 12They did not find me disputing with anyone or stirring up a crowd in the Temple, not in the synagogues, and not anywhere in the city. 13Nor can they prove to you any of the the things of which they are accusing me. 14But I will admit this to you; I serve the God of our fathers according to HaDerekthe Way, which they call a sect, believing everything that is in accordance with the Torah and that is written in the Prophets. 15And I have a hope in God, which these men also anticipate, that there will certainly be a resurrection of the dead, both of the righteous and the wicked. 16In this hope I also stive to keep my conscience clear of any offense toward either God or men. 17Now after several years away, I came to bring charitable gifts for the needy of my nation and to present offerings. 18While I was doing this, some Y’hudim from Asia found me in the Temple after my purification, not with a mob and not causing any trouble. 19They are the ones who should have come here before you to make accusation if they had anything against me. 20So let these men tell you what wrongdoing they found in me when I stood before the Council, 21unless it is for this one statement I made while standing among them, ‘I am on trial today for the resurrection of the dead!’”

The Verdict Postponed

22Since Felix had been accurately informed about HaDerek, he adjourned the procedings saying, “When Garrison Commander Lysias comes down, I will decide your case.” 23He ordered the centurion to keep Sha'ul in custody, but to let him have some privileges, and to permit his friends to minister to him.

4. Felix Adjourns, Hopes for a Bribe (24:24-26)

 24But after several days, Felix came with Drusilla, his wife, who was a Y'hudi, and sent for Sha'ul, and listened to him on the subject of faith in Messiah Yeshua. 25As Sha'ul spoke about righteousness, self-control, and the judgment to come, Felix became terrified, and said, “Leave for now, and when I have time I will call for you.” 26At the same time, he was also hoping that Sha'ul would offer him a bribe for his release. For this reason he sent for him frequently and talked with him.

O. Two Years at Caesarea Waiting for a Trial (24:27)

[Caesarea [MAP] 58-60 CE]

27After two years, Felix was succeeded in office by Porcius Festus, and because he wanted to curry favor with the Y'hudim, Felix left Sha'ul in prison.

Chapter 25


  6. TR adds “We wanted to judge him according to our law,” [RETURN]

  7. TR adds “but the commanding officer, Lysias, came by and with great violence took him out of our hands,” [RETURN]

  8. TR adds “commanding his accusers to come to you.” [RETURN]

  9. Y'hudim. The corrupt Jewish leaders. See this NOTE. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Monday, 11 May 2020
Revised some text; added historical notes, map references, and outline on Thursday, 17 June 2021

Page last updated on Monday, 22 August 2022 04:13 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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