The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

~ 27 ~

Sailing for Rome

1When it was decided that we were to sail to Italy, they handed over Sha'ulPaul and some other prisoners to a centurion of the Augustan Regiment named Julius. 2We boarded a ship of Adramyttium, which planned to sail to places along the coast of Asia, and we put out to sea; Aristarchus, a Macedonian of Thessalonica, was with us. 3The next day, we docked at Sidon. Julius treated Sha'ul kindly, and gave him permission to go to his friends and refresh himself.

Map of Asia Minor 4Putting to sea from there, we sailed leewarddownwind [to the north] of Kypros, because the winds were against us. 5When we had sailed across the open sea off the coast of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra in Lycia. 6There the centurion found an Alexandrian ship sailing for Italy put us on board. 7When we had sailed slowly for many days, we had come with difficulty near Cnidus. The wind did not allow us to approach it, so we sailed of Crete, off Salmone. 8With even more difficulty we  sailed the coast until we came to a place called Fair Havens, near the city of Lasea.

Sha'ul’s Advice Ignored
Map of Create
Click the picture for a full-page image.

9After a long time, the voyage was becoming more dangerous, because it was already after Yom-Kippur[9]. Sha'ul warned them, 10“Sirs, I can see that this voyage is heading toward damage and severe loss, not only of the cargo and the ship, but also of our lives.” 11But the centurion paid more attention to the captain and the owner of the ship than to what Sha'ul had said. 12Since the harbor was unsuitable for wintering, the majority decided to set sail from there, hoping they could reach Phoenix, a harbor on Crete that looks toward the Southwest wind and toward the Northwest wind, and winter there.


13When a gentle south wind started blowing they thought they had achieved their purpose, so they weighed anchor and sailed along Crete, close to shore. 14But before long a full gale from the northeast, called an Evrakilon, beat down on us from the shore. 15Since the ship was caught and couldn’t face into the wind, we gave way to it and were driven along. 16Running under the shelter of a small island called Clauda, we were finally able, with great difficulty, to regain control of the lifeboat. 17After they had hoisted it up, they used cables to help reinforce the ship. Fearing that they would run aground on the Syrtis sand bars[17], they lowered the sea anchor, and so were driven along. 18Beause we were being so badly batered by the storm, the next day they began to throw their cargo overboard. 19On the third day, they threw the ship’s tackle overboard with their own hands. 20When we could see neither sun nor stars for many days[20] and the storm kept raging on, we lost all hope that we would survive.

21When they had been without food for some time, Sha'ul stood up among them and said, “Gentlemen, you should have listened to me, and not have set sail from Crete, and sustained all this damage and loss. 22Now I urge you to cheer up, for there will be no loss of any of your lives, but only of the ship. 23For this night an angel of the God I belong to and serve stood by me,  24saying, ‘Don’t be afraid, Sha'ul. You must stand before Caesar. Look! God has given you everyone who is sailing with you.’ 25So cheer up, gentlemen! Because I believe God that it will be exactly as I was told. 26However, we must run aground on a certain island.”

27Fourteen nights later, as we were driven back and forth in the Adriatic Sea,[27] about midnight the sailors thought they were drawing near to land. 28They took soundings and found the depth was 120 feet. A little while later they took soundings again, and found the depth was 90 feet. 29Afraid that we would run aground on a rocky shoal, they let down four anchors from the stern, and hoped for daylight. 30Some of the sailors were trying to abandon ship and had lowered the lifeboat into the sea, pretending that they were going lay out anchors from the bow. 31Sha'ul told the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay in the ship, they won’t survive.” 32So the soldiers cut ropes from the lifeboat, and let it fall away.

33When it was almost daybreak Sha'ul urged them all to eat, saying, “Today is the fourteenth day that you have been waiting and going without food, having eaten nothing. 34So I urge you to take some food. This is for your survival, since not a hair will be lost from any of your heads.” 35When he had said this, he took bread and said the HaMotzi[35] in the presence of all, and when he had broken it he began to eat. 36Then they all cheered up, and they also ate. 37In all there were two hundred seventy-six souls on the ship. 38When they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship by throwing the grain overboard.


39When daylight came, they didn’t recognize the land, but they noticed a bay with a beach, and they decided to try to run the ship aground there. 40They cast of all the anchors and left them in the sea, while untying the ropes that were securing the rudder. Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind and made for the beach. 41But they struck a sanbar and ran the vessel aground. The bow jammed and remained immovable, but the stern began to break up by the pounding of the waves.

42The soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners so that none of them would swim off and escape. 43But the centurion, wanting to save Sha'ul, thwarted their plan and ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and swim ashore, 44then the rest to follow, some on planks, and some on other things from the ship. So they all escaped safely to shore.

Chapter 28


 9. Here Luke is simply giving a calendar reference so his readers would understand the weather conditions. Yom Kippur occurs in late autumn (September/October), when the weather on the Medeterranian Sea becomes quite treacherous. This would be like a North American saying it was December in Fargo, North Dakota. [RETURN]

17. The Syrtus sand bars lie just off the coast of modern Lybia in northern Africa, just southeast of Tripoli. They had been blown halfway across the Mediterranian Sea. [RETURN]

20. With neither sun nor stars visible, they had no way of navigating, or of even determining their location. [RETURN]

27. The Adriatic Sea lies between Italy and Greece. In fourteen days they had been driven northward from Lybia across the entire Mediterranian Sea to the east of Italy. [RETURN]

35. The HaMotzi is the traditional blessing said before eating any food, particularly bread. Please note that it is God Who is being blessed, not the food: “Baruch atah, ADONAI Eloheinu, Melech haolam, haMotzi lechem min ha'aretz. Omein. Blessed are You, ADONAI our God, King of the Universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth. Amen.” [RETURN]

Originally poste on Tuesday, 12 May 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return