The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

My short comments on the text are notated in “maroon pop-up text tipsMy comment is displayed like this.” which are accessed by “hovering” your mouse over the text or tapping your touch screen. [A few short comments look like this.] Longer comments are included in footnotes or links to other pages. Sometimes my paraphrase provides all the commentary needed to clarify the passage. I have added emphasis to some phrases simply to call them to your attention. Explanations of Greek and Hebrew words are from The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon and The NAS Old Testament Hebrew Lexicon, respectively. In order to get the most from these pages, please follow all the hyperlinks, nearly all of which will open in a new tab or window.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

Acts Index
Chapters:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14
15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28

P’yilut HaSh'liyakim
The Acts of the Emissaries

Why is so much Hebrew vocabulary necessary? Read About This Version.
Please be sure to read the Introduction to the Gospels and Acts.


  1. Although Gentile Christianity holds that the Church began with the book of Acts, I hold that the Church — and Christianity in general — was in fact founded by Emperor Constantine, the actual first “Pope,” between 311 and 325. See “Where Did the Word ‘Church’ Come From?” The events of the Book of Acts, therefore, do not reflect the origins of the Christian Church or of Christianity. They do, however, describe the origins of the Messianic sect of Judaism that called themselves HaDerek, The Way. [RETURN]

  2. The name Theophilus (qeofiloß) means “friend of God” or “lover of God” — hence, “God-lover.” During the Second Temple period (and later), non-Jewish people (Gentiles) who participated fully in the religious and social life of Israel, yet short of formal “conversion” to Judaism, were called “God-fearers.” In my humble opinion, it is possible that Dr. Luke wrote his two letters not to a specific individual, but rather to the non-Jewish members of HaDerek, the friends he had met during his travels with Rav Sha'ul, addressing them as “God-lover.” See additional notes on the introduction to Luke’s Gospel. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Thursday, 23 April 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return