The Center for
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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Yeshua, the Son of God

~ 6 ~

L. Five Thousand Fed (6:1-15; Mt 15:15-21; Mk 6:32-44; Lk 9:1-17)

1After this, Yeshua went away to the other side of Nof Ginosarthe sea of Galilee,[MAP] which is also called the Sea of Tiberias [or Sea of Chinnereth]. 2A large crowd followed him, because they saw the signs He had done on those who were sick. 3Then Yeshua went up into the hillside and sat with His talmidim. 4[4] 5When Yeshua looked up and saw that a large crowd was coming to Him, He said to Philip, “Where can we buy bread for these people to eat?” 6He said this to test him [Philip], for He [Yeshua] knew what He was going to do.

7Philip answered, “Two hundred denarii[7] worth of bread is not enough for each of them to have even a little.”

8One of his talmidim, Andrew, Shim'on KefaSimon Peter’s brother, said to Him, 9“Here is a boy who has five barley loaves and two small fish, but what difference will these make among so many?”

10Yeshua said, “Have the people sit down.” Now there was plenty of grass in that place, so the men sat down, about five thousand in number.[10] 11Yeshua took the loaves and the fish, and having said the berakah,[11] he distributed [to the talmidim, and then the talmidim] to those who were seated, as much as they wanted. 12When they everyhone was full, He said to his talmidim, “Gather up the broken pieces that are left over, so that nothing will be wasted.” 13So they gathered them up, and filled twelve baskets[13] with broken pieces from the five barley loaves, which were left over by those who had eaten. 14When the people saw the sign that Yeshua had done, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.”[14] 15Then Yeshua, realizing that they were about to come make Him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by Himself.

M. Yeshua Walks on Water (6:16-21; Mt 14:22-32; Mk 6:45-52)

16When evening came, His talmidim went down to the sea, 17got into a boat, and started across the sea toward K'far-NachumCapernaum. [MAP] It was already dark, and Yeshua had not gone out with them. 18A strong wind was blowing and the sea was being stirred up. 19When they had rowed about twenty-five or thirty stadia,[19a] they saw Yeshua walking toward them on the sea[19b] and approaching the boat; and they were terrified. 20But He said to them, “I AM![GN] Don’t be afraid.” 21They were willing to take Him into the boat, and immediately the boat was at the lshore where they were heading.

N. Yeshua, the Bread of Life (6:22-29)

22The next day, the crowd that had remained on the other side of the sea realized that only one boat had been there, and that Yeshua hadn’t boarded it with His talmidim, but His talmidim had gone away alone. 23However, some boats from Tiberias [MAP] arrived near the place where they had eaten the bread after the Lord had made the brachot. 24When the crowd saw that neither Yeshua nor His talmidim were there, they got into the boats and went to K'far-NachumCapernaum to look for Yeshua. 25When they found Him on the other side of the sea, they asked him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?”

26Yeshua answered them, Omein, omeinMost certainly[GN] I tell you, you aren’t looking for Me because you saw signs, but because you ate of the loaves and had your fill. 27Don’t work for food that perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. For on Him God the Father has set His seal of approval.”

28Then they asked Him, “What must we do to perform the works of God?”

29Yeshua answered them, “This is the work of God: that you believe in the One He has sent.”

O. Yeshua, Sent from Heaven (6:30-59)

30So they asked Him, “Then what sign will You do, so that we may see it and believe You? What will You do? 31Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness. As it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven[GN] to eat.’”[31]

32Yeshua said to them, Omein, omeinMost certainly, I tell you, it wasn’t Moses who gave you the bread out of heaven, but it is My Father Who gives you the true bread out of heaven. 33For the bread of God is He Who comes down out of heaven and gives life to the world.”

34So they said to Him, “Sir, always give us this bread.”

35Yeshua answered, “I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to Me will never hunger, and whoever believes in Me will never thirst. 36But I told you that you have seen Me, and yet you don’t believe. 37All those whom the Father gives Me will come to Me, and anyone who comes to me I will never cast away. 38For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but to do the will of Him who sent Me. 39And this is the will of Him Who sent Me, I shall lose none of those He has given Me, but raise them up at the Last Day. 40For it is My Father’s will that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in Him should have eternal life; and I will raise him up at the Last Day.”

41At this the Judeans[GN] began to grumble about Him, because He had said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42They said, “Isn’t this Yeshua, the son of Yosef, whose father and mother we know? How then can He say, ‘I have come down out of heaven?’ ”

43“Stop grumbling among yourselves. Yeshua replied, 44No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him;[44] and I will raise him up at the Last Day. 45It is written in the Prophets, ‘They will all be taught by God.’[45] Therefore, everyone who has heard from the Father and has learned from Him comes to Me. 46Not that anyone has seen the Father, except the One Who is from God; only He has seen the Father.[46] 47Omein, omeinMost certainly, I tell you, he who believes has eternal life. 48I am the bread of life.[48] 49Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, yet they died. 50This is the bread that comes down out of heaven, so that anyone may eat of it and not die. 51I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. Yes, the bread which I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.”[51]

52At this, the Judeans began arguing among temselves, “How can this man give us His flesh to eat?”

53So Yeshua said to them, Omein, omeinMost certainly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in you. 54He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.[54] 55For My flesh is true food, and My blood is true drink.[55] 56He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me, and I in him. 57Just as the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so also the one who feeds on Me will also live because of Me. 58This is the bread that came down out of heaven. Unlike your fathers, who ate the manna and died, the one who eats this bread will live forever.” 59He said these things while He taught in the synagogue in K'far-NachumCapernaum.

P. Discipleship Tested (6:60-65; Mt 8:19-22; Mt 10:36)

60Hearing this, many of his talmidim said, “This is a difficult teaching! Who can accept it?”

61Realizing that His talmidim were grumbling about this teaching, Yeshua asked them, “Does this offend you? 62Then what would happen if you see the Son of Man ascend to where He was before? 63The RuachSpirit gives life; the flesh profits nothing. The words that I have spoken to you are RuachSpirit and they are life. 64But there are some of you who don’t believe.” For Yeshua had known from the beginning which of them would not believe, and who it was who would betray him. 65Then Yeshua said, “This is the reason that I told you that no one can come to Me unless the Father has granted it to him.”

Q. Kefa’s Declaration (6:66-71; Mt 16:13-20; Mk 8:27-30; Lk 9:18-21)

66From that time on, many of his talmidim turned back and no longer walked with Him. 67So Yeshua asked the Twelve, “Do you want to leave too?”

68Shim'on Kefa answered, “Master, to whom would we go? You have the words of eternal life. 69We believe and know that You are the Holy One of God.”

70Yeshua answered them, “Didn’t I choose you, The twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!” 71Now he spoke of Y'hudah barson of Shim'on,[71] the Sicarius.[GN] For although he was one of the Twelve, it was he who would betray Yeshua.

Chapter 7


 4. Now the Passover, the Jewish festival, was at hand. This text for John 6:4 concerning the Passover is the singular basis for a three and one-half year ministry of Yeshua; it was not until 300 years after the Resurrection that a one-year ministry of Yeshua was questioned. This verse does not exist in some of the earliest and best manuscripts, and is not part of the original Hebrew text. Some of the early “church fathers,” who had access to better manuscripts, refer to a one-year ministry. (References in Harmony of the Gospels, 1831, by Lant Carpenter and John Gorham Palfrey.) It is believed by many that this verse was added to the text to force a three and one-half year ministry of Yeshua to prove that “Daniel’s prophecy” had already been fulfilled, so that the false Christ, the Pope, could now reign forever in His place.

Origen Bishop of Alexandria b.184 AD d.253 AD in his book ‘Contra Celsum’, written in 248 AD stated that he was satisfied that a case could be made for a three year ministry of Jesus.
   This seems to be where the error first crept into the theology of the early church, as from then on there was an ever increasing amount of debate over the length of Jesus’ ministry, which didn’t seem to be an issue before these initial remarks. But it was Eusebius b.263 AD d.339 AD Bishop of Caesarea from 313 AD to 339 AD, who perhaps promoted this theory more than anyone else. He stated that Jesus’ ministry was between three to four years long and that this was the fulfilment of the first half of Daniel’s prophetic end times seven years:
He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And at the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him. (Daniel 9:27)
   Eusebius then suggested that the last half of the seven years was from Jesus’ death until the baptism of Cornelius the Roman solider, recorded in the book of Acts chapter 10. In his written exegesis on the book of Daniel, Eusebius suggests that the first definite Gentile believer, Cornelius, was the ultimate fulfilment of Daniel’s prophecy and suggested that this was God’s way of passing the ministry and mission that Jesus had begun, onto the Roman Catholic Church and its Bishops. His theory also diminished the role of the Jewish people, who he saw as having rejected Christianity. Most ironically and somewhat disturbingly, is that the seven year prophecy is actually describing what the Anti-Christ will do in the last seven years before Jesus returns and this last seven years is still awaiting fulfilment.
   After the error had crept in and grew in acceptance, others continued to try and argue the case back for the one year ministry, such as Sulpicius Sererus who died in 410 AD. In his work ‘Historia Sacra’ he stated Jesus’ ministry was one year in length and that He was 31 years old at His crucifixion. Although not alone in voicing the one year ministry the three and a half year theory, along with Eusebius’ Roman Catholic ‘boosting’ yet unfounded theology began to be generally accepted throughout both the eastern and western halves of Roman Catholic Christendom.
[ accessed 11/24/20]

If the Feast of Passover were actually near, all Israel would have been fully engaged in the process of putting out all leaven from the land, yet here we see Yeshua feeding thousands with leavened barley loaves! [RETURN]

 7. A denarius was a silver coin worth about a day’s wages for an agricultural laborer, so 200 denarii would be between 6 and 7 month’s pay. [RETURN]

10. Assuming that some of these 5,000 men had their wives and children with them, it is not inconceivable that there were 8,000 or more people there. [RETURN]

11. Yeshua did not “give thanks,” “say grace,” or “bless the food.” That is a Christian, not a Jewish activity. Instead of “blessing” the food He would have said the appropriate barakot,[GN] one for the fish and another for the bread, that bless the Creator, not the food He has created. [RETURN]

13. Do you suppose it was mere coincidence that there was a full basket for each of the disciples who had doubted? [RETURN]

14. The prophet like Moses: Deuteronomy 18:15. [RETURN]

19a. 25 to 30 stadia is about 5 to 6 kilometers or about 3 to 4 miles. [RETURN]

19b. See Job 9:8. Some also teach that this was a reinactment of His work during creation. (Gen 1:1-2) [RETURN]

31. Exodus 16:4; Nehemiah 9:15; Psalm 78:24-25. [RETURN]

44. Ephesians 2:8-9. [RETURN]

45. Isaiah 54:13. [RETURN]

46. John 1:18; 1John 4:12. [RETURN]

48. How fitting that the Bread of Life was born in Beit-Lechem, the House of Bread. [RETURN]

51. Bread in Hebrew (לֶ֔חֶם, lecḥem) can mean any form of bread, food, grain, food in general, or any form of sustenance. Yeshua certainly does not mean that literally he is a loaf of Wonder Bread! He clearly means that He is to be the Believer’s primary form of spiritual sustenance. But He will give His flesh, His body, as the ultimate Sacrificial Lamb for the redemption of His people. [RETURN]

54. This absolutely in no way supports the Roman Church’s dogma that the “eucharist” they provide provides a ticket to heaven! Yeshua is saying that unless He is more important to us for our sustenance than physical food and drink, we have no part in His eternal life. [RETURN]

55. That is, true nourishment. [RETURN]

71.  Eight things you didn’t know about Judas [VIDEO]. [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Sunday, 06 December 2020

Page last updated on Wednesday, 01 June 2022 12:52 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

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