The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Yochanan:
Yeshua, the Son of God

~ 10 ~

3. More Teaching at Chanukah (10:1-39)

a. The parable of the shepherd (10:1-6)

1“Most certainly, I tell you, the one who doesn’t enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2But the one who enters through the gate is the sheep’s own shepherd. 3The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls each of his own sheep by name, and leads them out. 4When he has brought out all his own sheep, he walks on ahead of them, and the sheep follow him, because  they know his voice.[4] 5They will never follow a stranger, but will run away from him, because they don’t recognize a stranger’s voice.” 6Yeshua told them this parable, but they didn’t understand what he was telling them.

b. Yeshua explains he is the Good Shepherd (10:7-18)

7So Yeshua said to them again, “I’m telling you most assuredly that I am the sheep’s gate. 8Everyone who came before me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep didn’t listen to them. 9 I am the gate. If someone enters through me, he will be safe and will go in and go out and find pasture. 10The thief only comes to steal, kill, and destroy. I came that they may have life in its fullest measure. 11I am the Good Shepherd.[11] The Good Shepherd lays down His life for the sheep. 12The hired hand, who isn’t a shepherd and doesn’t own the sheep, sees the wolf coming, abandons the sheep, and runs for his life. The wolf snatches the sheep, and scatters them. 13The hired hand runs away because he is just a hired hand and he doesn’t care about the sheep. 14I’m the Good Shepherd. I know My own and My own know Me, 15just as the Father knows Me, and I know the Father, and I lay down My life for the sheep. 16I have other sheep, which are not of this fold.[16a] I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice. They will become one flock with one shepherd.[16b] 17The reason that the Father loves Me is because I lay down My life,[17] so that I may take it up again. 18No one takes it away from Me, but I lay it down by Myself. I have the power to lay it down, and I have the power to take it back up again.[18] I was given this order by My Father.”

c. Division among the Judeans (10:19-21)

19A heated disagreement arose among the Judeans[GN] because of these words. 20 Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed!” and “He’s meshuggacrazy, insane! Why do you listen to him?” 21 Others said, “He doesn’t talk like a demon-possessed man. It isn’t possible for a demon to open the eyes of the blind, is it?”[21]

d. Yeshua Asserts His Deity; the Judeans confront Him (10:22-39)

22It was the festival of Chanukah[22] in Yerushalayim. 23It was winter, and Yeshua was walking in the Temple courts, in ShlomoSolomon’s Colonnade.[23]

 24The Judeans[GN] surrounded Him and demanded, “How long are you going to keep us in suspense? If you are the Mashiach, tell us plainly.”

25Yeshua answered them, “I already told you, but you don’t believe me. The works that I do in My Father’s name testify about Me. 26But because you are not My sheep you refuse to believe. 27My sheep listen to My voice. I know them, and they follow Me. 28I give them eternal life. They will never be destroyed, and no one can snatch them out of My hand.[28] 29My Father, Who has given them to Me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand. 30I and the Father are One.[30]

31So the Judeans again began to pick up rocks to stone Him. 32Yeshua asked them, “I have shown you many good works from My Father; for which of those works are you going to stone Me?”

33The Judeans answered him, “We aren’t going to stone You for any good work, but for blasphemy: because You, just a man, are making yourself out to be ElohimGod.”

34Yeshua answered them, “Isn’t it written in your Torah, ‘I said, you are elohimgods, literally “mighty ones”’?[34] 35If He called the people elohimgods, the ones to whom the word of ElohimGod was addressed — and the Tanakh can’t be broken[35]36are you saying ‘You blaspheme’ to the One Whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world just because I said, ‘I am the Son of ElohimGod?’ 37If I’m not doing My Father’s works, then don’t believe Me. 38But if I am doing them, even if you don’t believe Me, believe the works so that you may understand that the Father is in Me, and I am in the Father.”

39Again they tried to arrest Him, but He escaped their grasp.

4. Yeshua goes to Aenon near Salim (10:40-42)

 40Then He went away again beyond the YardenJordan to the place where YochananJohn was originally immersing,[MAP] and He stayed there. 41Many people came to Him and said, “Although Yochanan never performed any miracles, everything he said about this man is true.” 42 Many of the people there trusted in Him.

Chapter 11


A stone sheepfold  5. At night, the sheep that belonged to numerous shepherds would be herded into a single sheep-fold and the shepherds would take turns guarding them through the night while the others slept. The sheep-fold was usually a cave or an enclosure with low stone walls and a narrow opening in one of the walls. The gate-keeper would then become the “gate” by lying across the opening. In the morning, the gate of the sheep-fold would be opened and each shepherd in turn would call out each of his own sheep by name. Each sheep would respond only to its own shepherd. When all the sheep had been called out, each shepherd would lead his own flock to the day’s grazing area. [RETURN]

11. Ezekiel 34:11-12,15,22 [RETURN]

16a. Isaiah 56:8 [RETURN]

16b. His other “sheep” are the Gentiles who will come to trust Him, and they will be added to, not replace, His original “flock,” the remnant of Israel who trust Him, and all will have but one Shepherd. [RETURN]

17. Isaiah 53:7-8 [RETURN]

18. The Jews did not kill Yeshua; the Romans did not kill Yeshua. They were only tools that He used to complete the necessary sacrifice to redeem humankind. [RETURN]

21. Exodus 4:11 [RETURN]

22. Chanukah or Hanukkah (חֲנֻכָּה), also know as the “Festival of Lights” or “Feast of the Dedication,” is the 8-day celebration of the rededication of the Temple following the victory of the Maccabees over the Seleucid Empire. See the books of the Maccabees. [RETURN]

23. Should non-Jewish Believers in Yeshua celebrate Hanukkah? Why not? Yeshua did! If not for the Maccabees, there would be no Israel; without Israel there would be no Messiah; without Messiah there would be no salvation! [RETURN]

28. Can a truly “born-again” Believer ever lose his/her salvation? The definition of the word “eternal” means never-ending. If one has “eternal life” as a present possession and then loses it, that “eternl” life has ended; so it was never actually “eternal” to begin with. So the real question is not whether a truly “born-again” Believer can become lost again; the real question is, who has been truly born again? [RETURN]

30. Both the Father and the Son, Who are echad (one) are clinging to the Believer in the palm of Their hand, and the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) is the “seal” (proof or assurance) of that fact. [RETURN]

34. Psalm 82:6. It's interesting that Yeshua includes the Psalms as part of the Torah; thus it would seem that He considered the entire Tanakh to be Torah. The Hebrew word אֱלֹהִ֑ים (elohim) literally translates as “mighty ones,” and is used of rulers, judges, and angels. It is also used to refer to God as a plural intensive, meaning that God is the mightiest One of all.  [RETURN]

35. Broken, Greek λυθῆναι (lythēnai), a primary verb; to “loosen.”Some newer versions translate this word here as “disregarded” or “set aside.” See Matthew 16:19 note for “binding and loosing.” [RETURN]

Page originally posted on Wednesday, 1 July 2020
Page updated and notes added on Friday, 25 December 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return