The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 2 ~

III. Birth and Childhood of the Son of Man (Chapter 2)

A. Birth of Yeshua in a sukkahbooth, temporary dwelling at Beit LechemHouse of Bread, Bethlehem  (Lk 2:1-7) (Mt 1:18-25; Jn 1:14)
[First day of Sukkot, Sep. 12, 3 BCE; see note 2b on Matt 2]

1It was at that time [the 25th year of the reign of Caesar Agustus] that Caesar Augustus ordered a census to be taken of all his Empire. 2This was the first census of its kind, taken when Quirinius was governor of Syria [3-2 BCE]. 3Everyone went to his home town to be registered. 4Because he was a descendant of David, YosefJoseph went up[3] from NatzeretNazareth in the GalilGalilee to the city of David, Beit-LechemBethlehem, House of Bread, in Y'hudahJudea, 5to register himself and MyriamMary, to whom he was engaged and who was pregnant.

6While they were there, the time came for her to give birth, 7and she delivered her first child, a Son.[7a] She wrapped Him in bands of cloth,[7b] and laid Him on the food tray of the sukkahtemporary dwelling erected especnaily for the festival they were staying in, because there was no space for them in the living quarters.[7c]

1. Angels announce His birth to shepherds (Lk 2:8-14)

8In the countryside just outside the village there were some shepherd-priests[8] spending the night in the field, guarding the flock, when an angel of ADONAI stood by them, and the Sh'khinahGlory, visible presense of HaShem of ADONAI shone around them, and they were terrified. 10The angel said to them, “Don’t be afraid. HinnehBehold: Pay attention to this, because it’s very important!, I am delivering you some good news, which will bring great joy to all the people. 11Today in David’s town, a Savior has been born — ADONAI Mashiach.[11] 12This is the sign for you:[12] you will find a Baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying on a food tray.” 13Suddenly there was with the angel a vast heavenly army praising God, saying,[13]

14“Glory to God in the highest heaven,
and on earth, shalom among men of good will.”

2. Shepherds visit sukkahbooth, temporary dwelling (Lk 2:15-20)

15As soon as the angels had left them and had gone back into the heavens, the shepherd-priests said to one another, “Let’s go into Beit-Lechem and see this thing that has happened, that ADONAI has told us about.” 16They hurried and found Myriam and YosefJoseph, and the Baby lying on the food tray.[16] 17After they had seen it, they told everyone what they had been told about this Child, 18and everyone who heard was amazed by what the shepherds told them. 19But MyriamMary treasured all these things, mulling them over in her heart.

20The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, just as they had been told.

B. Presentation in the Temple (Lk 2:21-38)

1.  Yeshua’s B'rit-milahcovenant of circumcision (Lk 2:21) (Gen 17:11-12; Exod 13:12-15)

21On the eighth day[21] at His b'rit-milahcircumcision, He was named YeshuaSalvation, the name given Him by the angel before His conception.

2. MyriamMary’s purification (Lk 2:22-24) (Lev 12:2-6)

22When the forty days of her purification were completed according to the Torah of Moshe,[22] they took Him up to YerushalayimJerusalem, to present Him to ADONAI 23(as it is written in the Torah of ADONAI, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to ADONAI”),[23] 24and to offer the sacrifice required by the Torah of ADONAI, “A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.”[24]

3. Shim`on’sSimeon  Adoration and Prophecy (Lk 2:25-35)

25There was a man in YerushalayimJerusalem whose name was Shim`on. This man was a devout tzaddikrighteous person, eagerly anticipating for the Consolation of Yisra'el,[25] and Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit was on him. 26It had been revealed to him by Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit that he would not die unil he had seen ADONAI’s Mashiach. 27He had been led by the Ruach into the Temple. When the parents brought in the Child Yeshua to redeem Him as the Torah requires, 28 he took Him into his arms, made a b'rakhah to God, and said,

29“Now You are releasing Your servant, ADONAI,
to depart in peace, according to Your word;
30for my eyes have seen Your Salvation [Hebrew: Yeshu`ah],
31which You have prepared in the presence of all peoples;
32a light for revelation to the Goyim,
and the glory of your people Yisra'el.”

33Yeshua’s parents were marveling at the things Shim`on was saying about Him. 34Shim`on blessed them, and said to MyriamMary, His mother, “HinnehBehold: Pay attention to this, because it’s very important!, this Child will cause many in Israel to fall and rise; He will become a sign Whom people will speak against. 35Yes, and a sword will pierce your heart so the innermost thoughts of people may be revealed.”

4. Hannah’s testimony to HaMashiachthe Anointed One (Lk 2:36-38)

36There was also a prophetess named Hannah Bat-P'nu'el, of the tribe of Asher. She was a very old woman. She had lived with her husband for seven years after her marriage, 37and had been a widow for about eighty-four years. She never left the Temple, but worshipped there night and day, fasting and praying. 38She came by at that very moment and began thanking ADONAI, and was talking about the Child to everyone who was waiting for the redemption of YerushalayimJerusalem.

5. The Return to NatzeretNazareth (Lk 2:39-40)

39When they had performed all the requirements according to the Torah of ADONAI, they returned into Galilee, to their own city, NatzeretNazareth, “Branch Town”. 40The child was growing, and was becoming strong in spirit, being filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him. 41His parents went every year to YerushalayimJerusalem at the feast of the Passover.

C. Yeshua’s bar mitzvahson of the commandments, becoming an adult man in Jerusalem  (Lk 2:42-50)

42When he was twelve years old, they went up to YerushalayimJerusalem for the Feast[42] as custom required. 43When the Feast was over and they were returning home, Yeshua stayed behind in YerushalayimJerusalem. YosefJoseph and his mother didn’t know it, 44but assumed that He was somewhiere in the caravan. After travelling a day’s journey, they looked for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45When they didn’t find Him, they returned to YerushalayimJerusalem, to look for Him. 46Three days later they found him in the Temple, sitting among the rabbis, not only listening to them, but also questioning them. 47Everyone who heard him was amazed[47] at His understanding and His answers. 48When His parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother asked Him, “Son, why have you done this to us? Your father and I were very worried and looking for You.”

49He answered, “Why were you looking for Me? Didn’t you know that I had to be in My Father’s house?” 50But they didn’t understand what He meant.

D. Silent years from age 12 to age 30 (Lk 2:51-52)

51He went down with them to NatzeretNazareth and submitted to them, and his mother treasured all these things in her heart. 52And Yeshua kept growing in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.

Chapter 3


  3. To indicate its importance as the capital city of Israel and the earthly ”residence” of HaShem, whenever anyone was traveling toward Jerusalem he was said to be going up; when traveling away from Jerusalem he was said to be going down. [RETURN]

7a. “… and the Word became flesh and tabernacled among us” (John 1:14). So Yeshua was born on the evening of the first day, or High Shabbat, of the Feast of Sukkot (Booths or Tabernacles). In the Kingdom Age, all the nations will be required to “go up” to Jerusalem in honor of His birthday, or they will receive no rain.

"Finally, everyone remaining from all the nations that came to attack Yerushalayim will go up every year to worship the king, ADONAI-Tzva'ot, and to keep the festival of Sukkot. If any of the families of the earth does not go up to Yerushalayim to worship the king, ADONAI-Tzva'ot, no rain will fall on them. (Zechariah 14:16-17) [RETURN]

7b. “Swaddling cloths.” In ancient times a child of the king and potential heir to the thone, shortly after birth, would be bathed and wrapped in swaddling cloths with his arms at his sides. These cloths were strips torn from the robes of cohenim that were no longer suitable for Temple service. Since Z'kharyah was a cohen, Elisheva — since she understood the true identity of Miryam’s child — would likely have given Miryam cloths, or perhaps an entire robe, for this use. [RETURN]

7c. The birth narrative has been totally misunderstood by the Gentile Church, as well as by most Messianic Believers, due to unfortunate errors of translation and totally fictitioius depictions dreamed up in the minds of Hollywood producers. The Greek word translated “inn” in verse 7 of the passage is kataluma (kataluma), which simply indicates living quarters. This would most likely have been a large common room in the home in which everyone simply laid their blankets on the floor wherever they could find space to lie down. There would have been absolutely no privacy for a 13- or 14-year-old Jewish wife to deliver a child! Yeshua was not born in a stable and laid in an animal’s feeding trough. He was born in the sukkah of one of Yosef’s relatives during the Feast of Sukkot. During Sukkot every family was (and still is) required by Torah to live at least part of each day in their sukkah [pronounced soo-kah], which is a temporary dwelling usually made out of palm and/or bamboo branches, to remind them that for 40 years their ancestors had lived in temporary shelters in the wilderness on their trek to the Promised Land. At night, these sukkot [the plural form of sukkah and pronounced soo-coat] were available for the overnight lodging of out-of-towners, and the homeowners would stock them with food for the travelers. The food was placed on a food-tray attached to the inside wall of the sukkah to keep it up off the ground and away from ground-dwelling insects and animals. In fact, Easton's Bible Dictionary defines “manger” as “the ledge or projection in the end of the room used as a stall on which the hay or other food of the animals of travellers was placed.” Using the same vocaublary, the tray on one wall of the sukkah would have been called the “manger.”Please read my extensive commentary on these introductory paragraphs. [RETURN]

  8. During the Second Temple period, tens of thousands of lambs were being sacrificed every year. In addition to the two daily sacrifices, Josephus records that at Passover alone up to 265,000 lambs would be sacrificed. Those lambs had to meet the strict requirements of Torah. They had to be no more than one year old, male, and without spot or blemish. So they had to be born in controlled conditions and inspected for birth defects before being raised in protected conditions. So where did they get that many lambs? To ensure an adequate supply of unblemished, sacrifice-quality lambs, the Temple priests maintained an area in the village of Bethlehem to raise and inspect these lambs for the sacrifices, and constructed a watchtower there called Migdal Eder (Hebrew: מגדל־עדר), the tower of the flock. So Yeshua, the ultimate Paschal Lamb, was born in the same place as were all the rest of the sacrifical lambs. [RETURN]

11. To get the most out of this commentary, please be sure to follow the hyperlinks to additional notes, comments, and related information. [RETURN]

12. ”This is the sign for you,” this is how you will know Him. [RETURN]

Shepherds Cave at Bethlehem
Click to enlarge

16. Just outside Bethlehem they have preserved a cluster of caves at the edge of Shepherds’ Field. There is a tradition that one of these caves was the birthplace of Yeshua, and that in the cave were stone feeding troughs, one of which Myriam used as a crib. My objection to this tradition is that this cave is at the edge of Shepherds’ Field, and the shepherd-priests decided to “go into Beit-Lechem” to see the child. If the Holy Family were in this cave, the shepherds would not have needed to go to Beit-Lecham.  [RETURN]

13. People sing; Angels say or shout (Isa 6:3; Rev 4:8). [RETURN]

21. Genesis 17:10-14; Leviticus 12:3. Yeshua was born on the first day, the High Shabbat of the Feast of Sukkot and circumcised according to the Torah on the eighth day, or Hoshana Rabbah. [RETURN]

22. Leviticus 12 [RETURN]

23. Exodus 13:2 [RETURN]

24. Leviticus 12:8 [RETURN]

25. The Consolation (paraklhsiß Paraklesis) of Yisra'el: consolation, comfort, solace; that which affords comfort or refreshment; thus the Messianic Salvation (so the Rabbis call the Messiah the consoler, the comforter). He was anxiously watching for the Messiah to be revealed. [RETURN]

42. Probably Sukkot in 10 CE, the same time as His birthday, mid-to late September on the Western calendar. As He had just turned twelve years old, he would have been considered a Bar-MitzvahSon of the Commandments, an adult man and responsible for keeping Torah on His own. This would be His first Torah-mandated trip to a Feast. It is uncertain (but doubtful) if they had a formal ceremony at that time, but He was assuming His responsibilities as a Torah-Teacher; so we find Him discussing Torah with the Rabbis, not only listening to them and discussing the Torah, but instructing them as well. [RETURN]

47. Astonished, Greek existemi, existemi, outside the mind, completely blown away. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Friday, 29 May 2020
Revised on Wednesday, 04 November 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return