The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 3 ~

IV. Ministry of Yochanan the ImmerserJohn the Baptizer; Anointing of HaMashiachthe Anointed One; genealogy of Myriam; Testing of the Son of Man

A. Ministry of YochananJohn (Lk 3:1-20) (Mt 3:1-11; Mk 1:1-8; Jn 1:6-8; Jn 1:15-37)

1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar,[26 CE][1a] Pontius Pilate[1b] was governor of Y'hudah, Herod [Antipas] was tetrarch[1c] of Galilee, his brother [Herod] Philip was tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene, 2`AnanAnnas and KayafaCaiaphas were Cohanim G'dolim.[2a]

The word of God came to YochananJohn Ben-Z'kharyah, in the wilderness.[2b] 3He had gone into all the region around the YardenJordan, proclaiming[3a] the immersion of repentance[3b] for remission of sins. 4As it is written in the cepherscroll, book, document of the sayings of Yesha`yahuIsaiah the prophet,

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness,
‘Make ready the way of ADONAI.
Make his paths straight.
5Every valley will be filled.
Every mountain and hill will be brought low.
The crooked will become straight,
and the rough ways smooth.
6All flesh will see God’s salvationHebrew, yeshua.’”[6]

7Then he said to the crowds who had come out to be immersed by him,[7] “You offspring of vipers, who warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8If you have actually turned from your sins, then produce some fruit to show it! Don’t start telling yourselves, ‘Avraham is our father.’ I’m telling you that God is able to raise up children of Avraham from these stones! 9Even now the axe is ready to strike the root of the trees. Every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit will cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10The crowds asked him, “Then what should we do?”

11He answered, “Whoever has two tunics should give one to someone who has none. Whoever has food should do the same.”

12Tax collectors also came to be immersed, and they said to him, “Rabbi, what should we do?”

13He told them, “Don’t collect more than the government requires you to.”

14Soldiers also asked, “What about us? What should we do?”

He said to them, “Don’t take money from anyone by force or false accusation; be satisfied with your wages.”

15Since the people were in a state of expectation, everyone was wondering if maybe Yochanan was the Mashiach. 16YochananJohn told them all, “I am immersing you in water, but One is coming who is mightier than I, and I am not worthy to even untie his sandals. He will immerse you in Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit and fire. 17His winnowing shovel is in His hand to thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor; He will gather the wheat into his barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”

18Then he preached the good news and many other encouragements to the people. 19But when Herod [Antipas] the tetrarch had been reprimanded by him because of Herodias, his brother’s wife,[19] and for all the other evil things that Herod had done, 20added this to everything else and locked up YochananJohn in prison.

B. Immersion and anointing of HaMashiachthe Anointed One and physical manifestation of Trinity (Lk 3:21-22) [27 CE]

21When all the people were being immersed, Yeshua had also been immersed, and was praying. The sky was opened, 22and Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit descended in a bodily form as a dove onto Him; and a voice came out of heaven, saying “You are My beloved Son. In You I am well pleased.”

D. Genealogy of MyriamMary (Lk 3:23-38) (MyriamMary was a descendant of Dovid HaMelekhKing David, v. 31 — compare the Genealogy of Yosef, Mt 1:1-16)

23When he began to teach, Yeshua was nearing His thirtieth year[23a], and was (as it was assumed)[23b]

ben[23c] YosefJoseph,
ben Eli,
24ben Mattat,
ben Levi,
ben Malki,
ben Yannai,
ben YosefJoseph,
25ben Mattityahu,
ben Amotz,
ben Nachum,
ben Hesli,
ben Naggai,
26ben Machat,
ben Mattityahu,
ben Shim`i,
ben YosefJoseph,
ben Y'hudahJudah,
27ben YochananJohn,
ben Reisha,
ben Z'rubavel,
ben Sh'altiel,
ben Neri,
28ben Malki,
ben Addi,
ben Kosam,
ben Elmadan,
ben Er,
29ben Yeshua,
ben Eli`ezer,
ben Yoram,
ben Mattat,
ben Levi,
30ben Shim`on,
ben Y'hudahJudah,
ben YosefJoseph,
ben Yonam,
ben Elyakim,
31ben Mal'ah,
ben Manah,
ben Mattatah,
ben Natan,
ben David,
32ben Yishai,
ben `Oved,
ben Bo`az,
ben Salmon,
ben Nachshon,
33ben `Amminadav,
ben Ram,
ben Hetzron,
ben Peretz,
ben Y'hudahJudah,[33]
34ben Ya'akov,
ben Yitz'chak,
ben Avraham,
ben Terach,
ben Nachor,
35ben S'rug,
ben Re`u,
ben Peleg,
ben `Ever,
ben Shelah,
36ben Keinan,
ben Arpakhshad,
ben Shem,
ben Noach,
ben Lemekh,
37ben Metushelach,
ben Hanokh,
ben Yered,
ben Mahalal'el,
ben Keinan,
38ben Enosh,
ben Shet,
ben Adam,
ben Elohim.[38]

Chapter 4


  1. Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus (16 November 42 BCE – 16 March 37 CE) was the second Emperor of Rome, ruling from 14 to 37 CE. Born to Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla to a family of the noted patrician gens Claudia, he was given the name Tiberius Claudius Nero. His mother divorced Nero and married Octavian — later to ascend to Emperor as Augustus — who officially became his stepfather. Tiberius would later marry Augustus’ daughter (from his marriage to Scribonia), Julia the Elder, and even later be adopted by Augustus. Through the adoption, he officially became a Julian, assuming the name Tiberius Julius Caesar. More HERE. [RETURN]

1b. Pontius Pilate[b] (Latin: Pontius Pīlātus [ˈpɔntɪ.ʊs piːˈlaːtʊs]; Ancient Greek: Πόντιος Πιλάτος, Póntios Pilátos) was the fifth governor of the Roman province of Judaea, serving under Emperor Tiberius from 26/27 to 36/37 CE. [RETURN]

1c. The Herodian Tetrarchy was formed following the death of Herod the Great in 4 BCE, when his kingdom was divided between his sons Herod Archelaus as ethnarch, Herod Antipas and Philip as tetrarchs in inheritance, while Herod's sister Salome I shortly ruled a toparchy of Jamnia. Upon the deposition of Herod Archelaus in 6 CE, his territories (Judea, Samaria, and Idumea) were transformed into a Roman province. With the death of Salome I in 10 CE, her domain was also incorporated into the province. However, other parts of the Herodian Tetrarchy continued to function under Herodians. Thus, Philip the Tetrarch ruled Batanea, with Trachonitis, as well as Auranitis until 34 CE (his domain later being incorporated into the Province of Syria), while Herod Antipas ruled Galilee and Perea until 39 CE. The last notable Herodian ruler with some level of independence was Agrippa I, who was even granted the Judea province, though with his death in 44 CE, the provincial status of Judea was restored for good. More HERE. (see a list of High Priests) [RETURN]

2a. Ananus ben Seth (served officially 6-15 CE); Joseph ben Caiaphas (son-in-law of Ananus ben Seth, served 18-36 CE) Although Caiaphas was officially the Cohen HaGadol, his father-in-law still weilded the real power. See a list of Cohenim Gadolim HERE. [RETURN]

2b. Winter, 26 CE. Yochanan had been living in seclusion in the Judean wilderness since being taken there by his mother during Herod’s slaughter of the children at Hanukkah of 1 BCE. See note on Matthew 23:35. [RETURN]

3a. Proclaiming, Greek euaggelizo, euaggelizo. Throughout the Apostolic Writings, especally in the Gospels, the word is used to denote the annouincing of, or teaching about, the Good News of the imminent coming of the Kingdom of God on earth. The message that was being proclaimed by Yochanan (the Immerser), Yeshua, and Yeshua’s Emissaries was a simple nine-word message: “Repent[3b] (that is, turn away from sin and return to HaShem and His Torah) for the Kingdom of God is at hand!” [I personally perfer the eight-word rendering: “Repent because the Kingdom of God is imminent!” But that’s just me.] The word is almost always translated as “preaching” in most English Bibles. Because nearly all “preaching” in American Churches is either about personal salvation or how to live a happer life as a Christian, I have retained the more awkward word “proclaiming” to emphasize the distinction between the two types of message.  [RETURN]

3b. Repentance does not simply mean to change one’s mind, as is commonly taught. The Greek word metanoia (metanoia) denotes a change of mind, but it is based on a military term metanoeo (metanoeo), to turn and go in the opposite direction, or “about face.” The Hebrew word, bwX (shuwb) means tp return, go back, or be restored, to turn away from sin and return to HaShem and His Torah. [RETURN]

  6. Isaiah 40:3-5. [RETURN]

  7. The word “immerse” is translated from the Greek baptizo, baptizo, and means to completely submerge in a liquid; it also means to overwhelm. Hebrew immersion does not take the form of Christian baptism in which one is immersed by another person. In Hebrew immersion, the person enters the “living water” of either a stream or lake, or a specially constructed basin through which water is flowing, and totally immerses one’s self. So Yochanan was not literally immersing these people; they were immersing themselves under his supervision. (See the lessons on baptism for more information.) [RETURN]

19. Herodias was the daughter of Aristobulus IV and his wife Berenice. She was first married to Herod Philip, her half-uncle, the father of Salome, whom she divorced to marry Herod Antipas.

Herod I (Herod Great) executed his sons Aristobulus IV Alexander and in 7 BC, and engaged Herodias to Herod II (Herod Philip), her half-uncle. Antipater II, Herod I’s eldest son, opposed the marriage, so Herod I demoted Herod Philip to second in line to the throne. Herod I executed Antipater II in 4 BCE for plotting to poison his father, leaving Herod Philip as first in line, but his mother's knowledge of the poison plot and failure to stop it led to his being dropped from this position in Herod I's will just days before he died.

Herodias divorced Herod Philip and married his half-brother, Herod Antipas, who had divorced his first wife Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabatea, to marry Herodias. [RETURN]

21. As the direct descendant of King David (see the genealogy listed in verses to 23 to 31) Yeshua was the rightful King of Israel. Traditionally, kings of Israel were anointed to that position by the hand of the High Priest. Yochanan was a direct descendant of Aharon (Aaron), the first High Priest. I believe that Yochanan was, in fact, the legitimate High Priest of Israel. The High Priests anointed their kings with oil, which was a symbol of Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit; Yochanan officiated at Yeshua’s anointing by the true Ruach HaKodeshHoly Spirit. [RETURN]

23a. About thirty years old. Yeshua was nearing, but had not yet reached, His 30th year. Priests were thirty years old when they entered the priesthood (Num. 4:3, Num. 4:23, Num. 4:30, etc.), King David was thirty years old when he began to reign over Israel (2Sam. 5:4), and Yosef (Joseph) was 30 years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh in Egypt (Gen. 41:46). Yeshua was “a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek” (Psalm 110:4). Yeshua was Messiah, Son of David (Psalm 2). Yeshua was Messiah, son of Yosef (the “suffering servant” of Isaiah was held by the sages to refer to corporate Israel, though many scholars associate him with Mashiach ben Yosef, or Messiah, son of Joseph). Yeshua was also literally the adopted son of His mother's husband, Yosef. [More here.] HaShem does not deal in coincidence, and the original recipients of this letter would have certainly instantly recognized that association. [RETURN]

23b. It was “assumed” that Yeshua was the son of Yosef, His adoptive father. While not the biological son of Yosef, in Hebrew custom when one is adopted, it is legally as though the adoptee is the biological child of the adoptive parent(s). See, for example when Ya'akov (Isra'el) adopted the Egyptian sons of Yosef, they became Israelites and the patriarchs of their respective tribes.

A while later someone told Yosef that his father was ill. He took with him his two sons, M'nasheh and Efrayim. Ya'akov was told, “Here comes your son Yosef.” Isra'el gathered his strength and sat up in bed. Ya'akov said to Yosef, “El Shaddai appeared to me at Luz in the land of Kena'an and blessed me, saying to me, ‘I will make you fruitful and numerous. I will make of you a group of peoples; and I will give this land to your descendants to possess forever.’ Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; Efrayim and M'nasheh will be as much mine as Re'uven and Shim'on are.” (Genesis 48:1-5) [RETURN]

23c. Ben is the Hebrew word for “the son of;” it may also mean “grandson of” or “descendant of.” [RETURN]

33. The genealogy of both Myriam and Yosef meet in Y'hudah (Judah), the father of the royal line of kings.

The scepter will not pass from Y'hudah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his legs, until He comes to whom [obedience] belongs; and it is He whom the peoples will obey. (Genesis 49:10[RETURN]

38. Luke traces Yeshua’s genealogy to Adam through Yosef, his adopted father, to show that He is the perfect man. In Israeli thinking, once a son is adopted it is as though he is a natural-born son.  Matthew traces Yeshua’s genealogy back to Avraham through Myriam to show that He is the descendant of King David, and thus the rightful heir to David’s throne. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Shabbat, 06 June 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return