The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

Please be sure to read the Introduction to the Gospels and Acts.

~ 4 ~

E. Temptation of the Son of Man (Lk 4:1-13) (Mt 4:1-11; Mk 1:12-13)

1Yeshua, filled with Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit, returned from the YardenJordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness 2for forty days of testing by the Accuser. During all that time He ate nothing, and afterward He was hungry.[2] 3The Accuser said to Him, “If you are the Son of God,[3] command this stone to become bread.”

4Yeshua answered him, “The Tanakh says, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.’”[4]

5The Accuser took Him up[5] and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6Then the Accuser said to Him, “I will give you all this power and and glory. It has been handed over to me;[6] and I can give it to whomever I choose. 7If you will worship me, it will all be Yours.”[7]

8Yeshua answered him, “The Tahakh says, ‘You shall worship ADONAI your God, and you shall serve only Him.’”[8]

9He led Him to YerushalayimJerusalem, and set Him on the pinnaclehighest point of the Temple, and said to Him, “If you are the Son of God, jump down from here! 10The Tanakh says,

‘He will put his angels in charge of you, to guard you;’


‘On their hands they will bear you up,
lest perhaps you dash your foot against a stone.’”[11]

12Yeshua answered him, “It also says, ‘Do not put ADONAI Eoheinuthe LORD your God to the test.’”[12]

13When the Accuser had finished every temptation, he left Him until the appointed time.[13]

V. Public Ministry of the Son of Man (Lk 4:14-19:27)

A. First tour of the GalilGalilee (Lk 4:14-9:62)

1. Rejected by the synagogue at NatzeretNazareth (Lk 4:14-30)

14Yeshua returned in the power of the RuachSpirit into the GalilGalilee, and Him reputation spread through all the surrounding area. 15He taught in their synagogues, and was respected by everyone.

16He came to NatzeretNazareth, where He had been brought up. As was His custom, He went into the synagogue on Shabbatthe Sabbath day, and made aliah.[16] 17The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. He unrolled the scroll, and found the place where it was written,

18The Spirit of ADONAI is on me,
because he has anointed me to proclaim[18] good news to the poor.
He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted,
to proclaim release to the captives,
recovering of sight to the blind,
to deliver those who are crushed,
19and to proclaim the acceptable year of ADONAI [19]

20He closed the scroll, gave it back to the shammashassistant, deacon, and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21Then He told them, “Today as you heard this Scripture read, it has been fulfilled.

22Everyone was speaking well of Him, and we amazed at the appealing words which He spoke, and they asked, “Isn’t this YosefJoseph’s son?”

23He said to them, “Doubtless you will quote this proverb to Me, ‘Physician, heal yourself! All those things we have heard about you doing K'far-NachumCapernaum, do them here in your hometown.’” 24He said, “I assure you that no prophet is accepted in his hometown. 25I’m being honest when I tell you that there were many widows in Israel in the days of EliyahuElijah, when the sky was shut up three years and six months so that all the land experienced a great famaine, 26And yet EliyahuElijah was sent to none of them, except to a widow in TzarfatZarephath, in the land of TzidonSidon. 27There were many people with tzara`at[27] in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed, except Na'aman, the Syrian.

28Those in the synagogue were outraged when they heard this. 29They rose up, drove Him out of the city, and led him to the brow of the hill that their city was built on, so that they could throw him off the cliff [29]. 30But He walked through the mob and went on His way.

2. Casting out demons in K'far-NachumCapernaum (Lk 4:31-37) (Mk 1:21-28)

31He came down to K'far-Nachum, a town in the GalilGalilee. He was teaching them Shabbat, 32and they were astonished at His teaching, for He taught with authority.[32] 33There was a man in the synagogue who had an unclean demonic spirit. He shouted, 34“Leave us alone! What business do with you have to do with us, Yeshua from NatzeretNazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who You are: the Holy One of God!”

35Yeshua rebuked it, saying, “Be quite and come out of him!” The demonic spirit threw the man down in the middle of the crowd and came out of him, having done him no harm.

36They were amazed and said among each other, “What kind of teaching is this? Why, He commands the unclean spirits with authority and power, and they come out!” 37News about Him went out into every part of the surrounding region.

3. KefaPeter’s mother-in-law and others healed (Lk 4:38-44) (Mk 1:29-34)

38He left the synagogue and went across the way to Shim'onSimon Peter’s house.[38] Shim'on’s mother-in-law was suffering with a high fever, and they asked Him to help her. 39Standing over her, He rebuked the fever and it left her. She immediately got up and began helping them. 40After havdalah[40a] all those who had people sick with various diseases brought them to Him;[40b] and He laid His hands on every one of them and healed them. 41Demons also came out of many, crying out, “You are the Son of God!” but He febuked them, and wouldn’t allow them to speak, because they knew that He was the Mashiach.

42In the morning He left and went out to a deserted place, but the crowds were searching for Him. They came to Him tried to keep Him from leaving them. 43But He told them, “I must proclaim the good news about the Kingdom of God[43] to the other towns also, because this is what I was sent here to do.44And He was proclaiming in the synagogues of the GalilGalilee.

Chapter 5


  2. After about a week of fasting, a person loses his sense of hunger, but when fatal starvation is about to set in, the hunger returns. Yeshua was nearing the point of death from starvation. [RETURN]

  3. “If” is an unfortunate translation of the Greek word ei, ei, because it sounds as if there were some doubt that Yeshua was the Son of God, and the Accuser was asking Him to prove it. But that isn’t the case. The Accuser left no doubt as to His Sonship, and was taunting Him to use His divine powers frivilously. The eminent Greek scholar Kenneth Wuest in his The New Testament: an Expanded Translation renders the phrase “If you are the Son of God …” like this: “In view of the fact that You are the Son of God by virtue of your possession of the divine essence …” [RETURN]

  4. Deuteronomy 8:3 [RETURN]

  5. It does not say where Yeshua was taken up to, but perhaps either bodily or in a vision high into the atmosphere or beyond, where He could see “all the kingdoms of the world“ at once. [RETURN]

  6. When Adam and HavahEve, life were created, HaShem gave them dominion over all of creation (Gen 1:28). However, when they chose to give their obedience to the Accuser rather than to HaShem, (Gen 3:1-6) they surrendered that dominion to the Accuser, who now reigns (temporarily) as “the god of the 'olam hazeh” (2Cor 4:4) and “Ruler of the Powers of the Air” (Eph 2:2). So he was not lying when He told Yeshua that he had authority over all the kingdoms of the world. Additionally, of the entire world, only Israel (and the Jewish prople) served ADONAI; all other peoples and nations were pagans and worshipped demons as their gods (Deut 32:17; 1Cor 10:20). [RETURN]

  7. I should think this was probably the greatest of all the temptations, because it would allow Him to extablish His kindom over all of humanity, while avoiding the agony of the cross. [RETURN]

  8. Deuteronomy 6:13 [RETURN]

  9. Psalm 91:11-12 [RETURN]

12. Deuteronomy 6:16 [RETURN]

13. Appointed time, Greek kairoß, kairos: a fixed and definite time, the time when things are brought to crisis, the decisive epoch waited for. [RETURN]

16. Made aliya, that is, He was called up to read the day’s haftarah. The entire Torah is read through publically every year in every synagogue on a standard reading schedule. The Sages divided the five books of the Torah into roughly equal portions, called parashot, with one parashah being canted (sung) or read by members of the congregation each Shabbat. Each parashah is subdivided into eight aliyot, each aliyah being read by a different congregant. For each parashah there is thematically-related portion of the Prophets that is called a haftarah, which is read by an additional congregant. (Most Messianic congregations add a related section of the Messianic Writings to the Torah service.) [RETURN]

18. Proclaiming, Greek euaggelizo, euaggelizo. Throughout the Apostolic Writings, especally in the Gospels, the word is used to denote the annouincing of, or teaching about, the Good News of the imminent coming of the Kingdom of God on earth. The message that was being proclaimed by Yochanan (the Immerser), Yeshua, and Yeshua’s Emissaries was a simple nine-word message: “Repent (that is, turn away from sin and return to HaShem and His Torah) for the Kingdom of God is at hand!” [I personally perfer the eight-word rendering: “Repent because the Kingdom of God is imminent!” But that’s just me.] The word is almost always translated as “preaching” in most English Bibles. Because nearly all “preaching” in American Churches is either about personal salvation or how to live a happer life as a Christian, I have retained the more awkward word “proclaiming” to emphasize the distinction between the two types of message. [RETURN]

19. Isaiah 61:1-2. Isaiah 61, from which Yeshua read, is the haftarah for Parashah Nitzavim (Deut. 29:9-30:20). Notice that Yeshsua didn’t read the last part of the last sentence, because the Day of ADONAI’s Wrath won’t be fulfilled until the Last Days. [RETURN]

27. Tzara`at (t[rc) is a very serious, malignant skin disease, but not actual leprosy, which is Hansen’s Disease. [RETURN]

29. To stone Him for blasphemy. The common procedure for a stoning was to throw the person off a cliff or hillside, then rain stones down on him until he was dead. [RETURN]

32. The traditional method of teaching was (and still is in Judaism) to quote the Rabbi whose opinion you are giving, and to also include that Rabbi's source. For example, “Rabbi Yonatan said in the name of Rabbi Yitz'chak that so and so is true.” But Yeshua taught on His own authority, “You have heard it said that thus and so, but I'm telling you something different.” [RETURN]

38. Kefa’s home was literally only a stone’s throw from the synagogue (no pun intended). In the mid-1970’s Italian Italian excavators working in Capernaum may have actually uncovered the remnants of the humble house of Peter that Jesus called home while in Capernaum. I'm not sure of the date of the discovery, but we (my wife, son, and I) saw the ruins when we were there in 1984. Read more about that discovery (with photo) HERE. [RETURN]

40a. Havdalah (Hebrew: הַבְדָּלָה, “separation”) is a brief Jewish religious ceremony that marks the end of the weekly Shabbat or other Holy Day (which are also Shabbats), and separates the Shabbat from the mundane weekdays. It is observed about an hour after sunset at the end of the Holy Day. The ritual involves lighting a special havdalah candle with several wicks, saying a bracha over cup of wine, and smelling sweet spices, and reciting the havdalah bracha. Learn about havdalah HERE. [RETURN]

40b. They waited till after Havdalah because they had been taught that Torah prohibits healing on Shabbat. As Yeshua will teach later, that prohibition is only the Tradition of the Elders, and Torah places a high priority on relieving suffering of humans and animals, even when it is necessary to violate some other mitzvot to do so. [RETURN]

43. The Kingdom of Heaven referred to by Mattityahu and the Kingdom of God spoken of by Marcus (Mark), Lucas (Luke), Yochanan (John), and Sha'ul (Paul) refer to exactly the same thing. Neither phrase has anything at all to do with the Christian notion of a celestial dweling place for the righteous dead. [Please read this article.] The primary sense is the Messianic Kingdom, when King Yeshua HaMashiach reigns physically from the Throne of David in Jerusalem, which carries forward into the eternal Olam Habah. The secondary sense refers to any place and time when the rulership of HaShem is accepted.

One of the greatest tragedies of the last 2,000 years is that the Gentile Church has totally departed from the key message of Yochanan, Yeshua, and the Emissaries (Apostles): “Repent, for God’s Kingdom is very near!” This is mostly because they have lost track of the concept that for over 100 years after the resurrection, the Jewish sect called “The Way” was almost exclusively Jewish, and all the Apostolic letters were written by Torah-observant Jewish rabbis, (except for Dr. Luke, who was probably not a rabbi) to an audience of both Jews and non-jews who were thoroughly ensconced in a Torah-pursuant Jewish lifestyle, who met not in churches but in synagogues.

They do not understand that these people very carefully avoided speaking God’s name or even referring to Him directly. They developed what are called “circumlocutions,” using various words and phrases as an alternative to a direct reference to God. Among those circumlocutions include “heaven” and “throne.” So the phrase “Kingdom of Heaven” has absolutely nothing to do with a place where people vainly hope to spend eternity after they die. “Kingdom of Heaven” actually refers to the time and place to which all Israel was looking forward, during which God, through His Messiah, will rule and reign physically on earth, and the Torah will be the “law of the land” for the whole earth. By extension, God’s Kingdom is any time and place where He is honored and obeyed as King. If you accept the absolute rule of God over your life, then you are right now living in His Kingdom.

The simplistic message of the Gentile Church has for 1,700 years essentially been: walk down the church aisle; concede to the historical fact that Yeshua is the Son of God, the Messiah; get dunked in a heated bathtub or have some water splashed on your face; now you get to go to heaven when you die. Unfortunately there is absolutely no Scripture to support the idea of “going to heaven” when we die.

When properly understood, the True Gospel — the message of “the Kingdom of God” as taught by Yochanan, Yeshua, and the Emissaries — is to turn away from your sin — defined as disobedience to God’s Torah (1John 3:4) [“lawlessness” (NAS); breaking of law” (CSB); violation of Torah (CJB)] — submit to the Kingship of God and be restored to Him, obey His commandments as given in the Torah, and you will inherit eternal life in the Olam Habah (the world that is to come). Please read this article. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Tuesday, 09 June 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return