The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man


~ 5 ~

4. The Son of Man calls His first talmidimdisciples (Lk 5:1-11) (Mt 4:18-22; Mk 1:16-20; Jn 1:35-51)

1One day Yeshua was standing on the shore of Lake Gennesaret, with the crowd pressing around Him to hear the word of God. 2He saw two boats near the lakeshore, but the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets. 3He got into one of the boats that belonged to Shim'onSimon and asked him to put out a little from the shore. Then He sat down and taught the people from the boat. 4When He had finished teaching, He said to Shim'on, “Put out into deep water and let down your nets for a catch.”

5Shim'on answered Him, “Master, we worked all night and caught nothing; but if You say so I will let down the net.” 6When they had done this, they caught so many fish that their net was breaking, 7So they signaled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them. They came and filled both boats so full that they began to sink. 8When Shim'on KefaSimon Peter saw this, he fell down at Yeshua’s knees and said, “Stay away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man.”[8] 9For he was amazed, and all who were with him, at the catch of fish which they had taken; 10and so also were Ya'akovJacob and YochananJohn, sons of ZevdaiZebedee, who were partners with Shim'on.

Yeshua said to Shim'on, “Don’t be afraid. From now on you will be catching people.”

11When they had brought their boats to land, they left everything, and followed Him.

5. A man cleansed of tzara`ata malignant skin diesease, not Hasnesn’s disease (Lk 5:12-15) (Mt 8:2-4; Mk 1:40-45)

12While He was in one of the cities, there was a man full of tzara`at.[11] When he saw Yeshua, he fell on his face, and begged Him, saying, “Sir, if You want to, You can make me clean.”

13Yeshua reached out His hand and touched him, saying, “I want to. Be made clean.”

Immediately the tzara`at left him. 14Yeshua instructed him to not tell anyone, “But as a testimony to them, go right away and present yourself to the cohenpriest, and offer the sacrifice that Moshe commanded for your cleansing.” 15But the news about Yeshua kept spreading all the more, so that great crowds came together to listen and be healed by Him of their sicknesses. 16But He would withdraw into the remote places to pray.

6. A paralytic healed (Lk 5:17-26) (Mt 9:2-8; Mk 2:1-12)

17One day as He was teaching, there were ParushimPharisee and SofrimTorah teachers sitting by who had come from various villages of the GalilGalilee, Y'hudahJudea, and YerushalayimJerusalem. The power of ADONAI was with Him to heal the sick. 18Some men came bearing a paralyzed man on a cot, and they wanted to bring him inside to lay him in front Yeshua. 19Unable to find a way to bring him in because of the crowd, they went up to the housetop and let him down through the tiles, with his cot, into the middle of the gathering, right in front of Yeshua. 20When He saw their trust, He said to to the man, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.”

21The SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes and the ParushimPharisee began discussing among themselves, “Who is this man who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”

22But Yeshua, perceiving their thoughts, answered them, “Why are you reasoning this way in your hearts? 23Which is easier to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven you;’ or to say, ‘Arise and walk?’ 24But so you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” (He said to the paralyzed man), “I say to you, get up, pick up your cot, and go home.”

25Immediately he got up before them, picked up what he had been lying on, and went home praising God. 26Everyone there was astonoished, and they all praised God, and they were awestruck, and said, “We have seen remarkable things today.”

7. Call of MattityahuMatthew Levi (Lk 5:27-28) (Mt 9:9-15; Mk 2:13-20)

27After that, He went out and saw a tax collector named LeviMattityahu (Matthew) Levi sitting at the tax office,[27] and said to him, “Follow me!”

28He left everything behind, got up, and followed him. 29Levi made a great feast for Him in his house, and there was a great crowd of tax collectors and others who were reclining at the table with them.

8. Contronted by SoferimScribes and P'rushimPharisees (Lk 5:30-35)

 30The SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes and the ParushimPharisee began grumbling at His disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with the tax collectors and sinners?” 31Yeshua answered them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are sick do. 32I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.”

33They asked Him, “Why do YochananJohn’s talmidimdisciples[33] often fast and pray like the talmidimdisciples of the Parushim do, but yours eat and drink?”

34He answered, “You can’t make the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them, can you? 35But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them; then they will fast in those days.”

9. Parable of cloth and wineskins (Lk 5:36-39) (Mt 9:16-17; Mk 2:21-22)

36He also told them a parable:[36] “No one puts a piece from a new garment on an old garment, or else he will tear the new, and also the piece from the new will not match the old. 37No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and it will be spilled, and the skins will be destroyed. 38But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins, and both are preserved. 39No man having drunk old wine immediately desires new, for he says, ‘The old is better.’”

Chapter 6

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  8. Kefa recognized Yeshua as a tzadik, a rightous man, and wanted to avoid “contaminating” Him. If a tzadik came into contact with a “sinner” he would become ritually “unclean” and would not be able to enter the Temple without first going through a “purification” process. [RETURN]

11. Tzara`at is an malignant and highly contageous skin disease, but not leprosy, which is Hansen’s Disease. [RETURN]

27. The tax “office” was more likely a booth or kiosk in the middle of the marketplace. [RETURN]

33. A talmid is a disciple. A talmid is more than a student. A student wants to learn what his rabbi knows. A true talmid does not just want to know what his rabbi knows, he wants to become what his rabbi is! Remember that Yeshua was a a legitimate Rabbi and He had many disciples in addition to the twelve that we usually think about. He had thousands who followed Him around to listen to Him teach; He had hundreds who were “regulars.” Out of all of these, He selected eleven to be trained and commissioned as Emissaries (Ambassadors) of His Kingdom and one to betray Him. [RETURN]

36. These two parables, I believe, were directed toward the Pharisees, and both are roughly equivalent to the English idiom, “You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.” This is my understanding of the parable. If you try to correct mistaken ideas (the old coat) by introducing new, correct ideas (a patch of new material), the patch (new ideas) will be rejected leaving the coat (old ideas) in worse shape that it originally was. Neither do you want to try to put new wine (ideas) into old wineskins (minds). They will be overwhelmed and all your work will be for nothing. So it’s better to introduce new wine (ideas) into freshly prepared wineskins (fresh minds that are still flexible, not set in their way, open to new truths), so both the mind and the ideas will prosper. People who have already made up their minds are reluctant to change them, because they prefer their old ideas. [RETURN]

 

Originally posted on Thursday, 11 June 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!