The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man


~ 6 ~

10. The Son of Man is Lord of Shabbatthe Sabbath (Lk 6:1-5) (Mt 12:1-8; Mk 2:23-28)

1On one ShabbatSabbath, as He was going through some grain fields, His talmidimdisciples began plucking some heads of grain, rubbing them between their hands, and eating the seeds.[1] 2some of the ParushimPharisees asked them, “Why are you violating the Shabbat rules?”

3Yeshua answered them, “Haven’t you read what David did when he and his companions were hungry? 4He entered the House of God, and took and ate the Bread of the Presence, and also gave some to his companions, which nobody but the cohenimpriests are permitted to eat.[4] 5He said to them, “The Son of Man is lord of the Shabbat.[5]

11. Healing on Shabbat (Lk 6:6-11) (Mt 12:9-14; Mk 3:1-6)

6On another Shabbat He went into the synagogue was teaching. There was a man there whose right hand was withered. 7The SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes and the ParushimPharisees were watching Him to see whether He would heal on the Shabbat, so they might have some grounds to accuse Him [of violating Shabbat]. 8But He knew their thoughts; so He said to the man who had the withered hand, “Get up, and stand here in the middle of us.” He arose and stood. 9Then Yeshua said to them, “I’ll leave it up to you: Is it lawful on Shabbat to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?10He looked around at them all, then said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He did, and his hand was restored as sound as the other. 11But they were filled with rage, and conspired among themselves about what they might do to Yeshua.

12. The Twelve chosen (Lk 6:12-16) (Mt 10:2-4; Mk 3:13-19)

12It was at that time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the night in prayer to God. 13When day came, He called His talmidimdisciples together, and from them He chose twelve whom He named as EmissariesApostles: 14Shim'onSimon, whom He called KefaPeter; his brother AndraiAndrew; Ya'akovJacob; YochananJohn; PhiliposPhilip; Bar-TalmaiBartholomew; 15MattityahuMatthew; T'omaThomas; Ya'akovJacob Bar-Halfaison of Alphaeus; Shim'onSimon Zelotesthe Zealot;[15] 16Y'hudahJudah Bar-Ya'akovson of Jacob; and Y'hudahJudah haSicariusthe assassin,[16] who became a traitor.

13. The Son of Man’s only sermon of record (Lk 6:17-49) (Mt 5-7)

17He came down with them and stood on a level place. There was a large crowd of His talmidimdisciples, plus great numbers of people from all Y'hudahJudea and YerushalayimJerusalem, and from the sea coast of TzorTyre and TzidonSidon, who came to hear Him and to be healed of their diseases; 18as well as those who were troubled by unclean spirits, and they were being healed. 19All the multitude sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all.

a. The Beatitudes (Lk 6:20-38)

20He lifted up his eyes to his disciples, and said,[20]

Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the Kingdom of God.
21Blessed are you who hunger now,
for you will be filled.
Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22Blessed are you when men shall hate you,
and when they shall exclude and mock you, and throw
out your name as evil, for the Son of Man’s sake.
23Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold,
your reward is great in heaven, for their
fathers did the same thing to the prophets.
24But woe to you who are rich!
For you have received your consolation.
25Woe to you, you who are full now,
for you will be hungry.
Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will mourn and weep.
26Woe to you when men speak well of you,
for their fathers did the same thing to the false prophets.

27But I tell you who hear: love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, and pray for those who mistreat you. 29To him who strikes you on the cheek, offer also the other; and from him who takes away your cloak, don’t withhold your coat also. 30Give to everyone who asks you, and don’t ask him who takes away your goods to give them back again.

31As you would like people to do to you, do exactly so to them. 32If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same. 34If you lend to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to receive back as much. 35But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing back; and your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High; for he is kind toward the unthankful and evil.

36Therefore be merciful,
even as your Father is also merciful.
37Don’t judge,
and you won’t be judged.
Don’t condemn,
and you won’t be condemned.
Set free,
and you will be set free.

38Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, will be given to you. For with the same measure you measure it will be measured back to you.

b. Three illustrative parables (Lk 6:39-45)

39He told them a parable. “Can the blind guide the blind? Won’t they both fall into a pit? 40A talmid is not above his rabbi, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his rabbi. 41Why do you see the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye, but don’t consider the beam that is in your own eye? 42Or how can you tell your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck of chaff that is in your eye,’ when you yourself don’t see the beam that is in your own eye? You hypocrite! First remove the beam from your own eye, and then you can see clearly to remove the speck of chaff that is in your brother’s eye. 43For there is no good tree that produces rotten fruit; nor again a rotten tree that produces good fruit. 44For each tree is known by its own fruit. For people don’t gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush. 45The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings out that which is good, and the evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings out that which is evil, for out of the abundance of the heart, his mouth speaks.

c. Parable of two builders and two foundations (Lk 6:46-49)

46Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and don’t do the things which I say? 47Everyone who comes to me, and hears my words, and does them, I will show you who he is like. 48He is like a man building a house, who dug and went deep, and laid a foundation on the rock. When a flood arose, the stream broke against that house, and could not shake it, because it was founded on the rock. 49But he who hears, and doesn’t do, is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream broke, and immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.

Chapter 7

_______________

  1. Here were three separate violations of the Tradition of the Elders (not of Torah) for Shabbat: reaping, threshing, and food preparation. [RETURN]

  4. 1 Samuel 21:1-6 [RETURN]

  5. If the Son of Man, Yeshua, is Lord of Shabbat, then it follows that Shabbat (and not the first day of the week) is the Lord’s Day. [RETURN]

15. The Zealots were a “political action group” that advocated the violent overthrow of the Roman oppression of Israel [RETURN]

16. The Sicarii (singluar, Sicarius) were a radical, violent sub-group of the Zealots who regularly assassinated those who they felt were Roman sympathizers. They took their name from the ice-pick-type dagger (called a sicarius) with which they dispatched their targets, usually with a quick thrust to the base of the brain. [RETURN]

20. This is the only sermon that Yeshua ever preached of which we have any record! And He did not preach it to the lost. He preached it only to His disciples (at one time there were thousands, not just twelve). Besides this one sermon, He gave four other significant discourses, but always to His disciples. Parables are not sermons; they are very brief illustrations of the point that He is making.

Anyone who has visited this site in Israel knows that this teaching was given on a beautiful hillside overlooking Nof Ginosar (the Sea of Galilee). The shape of the hillside and the breeze that gently blows inland from off the lake make this a perfect natural amphitheater. However, Mattityahu compares Yeshua to Moshe, and says that Yeshua “walked up on the hill and sat down” to teach. As Moshe went up the mountain to receive Torah, so Mattityahu says that Yeshua went up the mountain to teach Torah! See verses Matthew 5:17-20, where Yeshua clearly says that He is absolutely not voiding or changing the Torah.

Many teach that in this message Yeshua was refuting the Torah and replacing it with a new set of rules; God forbid! Nothing could be farther from the truth. Yeshua was the One who wrote the Torah in stone with His finger at Sinai. The Torah is the Word of God; Yeshua is the Word that existed before creation (John 1:1-3); therefore Yeshua is the Torah made flesh. God never changes, so how can His Torah change? See verses 17-21. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Shabbat, 13 June 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:15 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!