The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 7 ~

14. Healing a centurion’s (Cornelius?) servant (Lk 7:1-10) (Mt 8:5-13)

1When Yeshua had finished speaking to the people, He went into K'far-NachumCapernaum. 2A certain Centurion[2] had a servant who was dear to him and who was sick to the point of death. 3When the Centurion heard about Yeshua, he sent some Jewish zakenim to Him asking Him to come and save his servant. 4When they came to Yeshua, they begged him earnestly, saying, “He is worthy for you to do this for him, 5for he loves our nation, and he built our synagogue for us.”

6Yeshua went with them. When He was not far from the house, the Centurion sent friends to Him, saying, “Sir, don’t trouble Yourself, for I am not worthy for You to come under my roof.[6] 7Therefore I didn’t even think myself worthy to come to you; but say the word, and my servant will be healed. 8For I also am a man placed under authority, having under myself soldiers. I tell this one, ‘Go!’ and he goes; and to another, ‘Come!’ and he comes; and to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”

9When Yeshua heard these things he was amazed, and turned and said to the crowd that was following Him, “I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such great trust.10When the zakenim arrived back at the house they found the servant in good health.

15. A widow’s son raised (Lk 7:11-18)

11Shortly after that He went to a town called Nain. Many of His talimidim and a large crowd went with him. 12When he came near town gate, a dead man was being carried out who was his mother’s only son, and she was a widow. Many people from the town were with her. 13When the Lord saw her, He felt compassion for her, and said to her, Don’t cry. 14He approached and touched the coffin, and the pallbearers stopped. He said, Young man, I tell you, get up! 15The dead man sat up, and began to speak, and Yeshua gave him to his mother.

16Everyone was awestruck, and they glorified God, saying, “A great prophet has arisen among us!” and, “God has visited his people!” 17This news about Him spread throughout the whole of Y'hudah and all the surrounding area.

18Yochanan’sJohn talmidim told him about all these things. 19Yochanan called in  two of his talmkidim and sent them to Yeshua, asking, “Are You the One who is coming, or should we look for someone else?”

16. YochananJohn the ImerserBaptizer eulogized (Lk 7:20-35) (Mt 11:2-19)

20When the men had come to him, they asked, “YochananJohn the Immerser has sent us to You to ask You, ‘Are You He who comes, or should we look for someone else?’”

21Right then he was curing many people of diseases, plagues, and evil spirits, and restoring their sight to many who were blind. 22Yeshua answered them, “Go and tell YochananJohn the things which you have seen and heard: that the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news proclaimed[22a] to them.[22b] 23Blessed is the one who is not offended by me.”

24When YochananJohn’s messengers had gone, He began to speaking to the crowds about Yochanan. What did you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 25But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft clothing? HinnehBehold,[25] those who are gorgeously dressed and live delicately are in kings’ courts. 26But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and much more than a prophet. 27He is the one about whom the Tahakn says,

‘Hinneh, I am sending My messenger before You,
who will prepare Your way before You.’[27]

28I tell you that of all those who have been born of women there is not a greater prophet than YochananJohn the Immerser, yet he who is least in the Kingdom of God is greater than he!”

29When all the people heard this, even the tax collectors, by having been immersed with YochananJohn’s immersion, they acknowledged that God was just. 30But the P'rushimPharisees and the Sofrim,Torah scholars by not letting themselves to be immersed by Yochanan, nullified God’s plans for them.

To what can I compare the people of this generation?” Yeshua said. “What are they like? 32They are like children who sit in the marketplace, and call one to another, saying, ‘We made happy music, but you wouldn’t dance. We made sad music, but you wouldn’t cry.’ 33YochananJohn came not eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, ‘He has a demon.’ 34The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, ‘Hineh, a glutton and a drunkard; a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’ 35The proof of wisdom in the kind of people it produces.”

17. Anointed in the home of a ParushPharisee (Lk 7:36-39)

36Shim'on, one of the P'rushimPharisees invited Him to eat with him. He went into the ParushPharisee’s house and reclined at the table. 37There was woman in that town who was a sinner; when she found out that He was reclining in the ParushPharisee’s house, she brought an alabaster jar of perfume. 38Standing behind Him at His feet and weeping, she began to wet His feet with her tears, and she wiped them with the hair of her head, kissed His feet, and anointed them with the perfume. 39Now when the ParushPharisee who had invited Him saw it, he said to himself, “This man, if He actually were a prophet, would have known who and what kind of woman this is who touches Him, that she is a sinner.”

18. Parable of two debtors (Lk 7:40-50)

40Yeshua answered him, “Shim'on, I have something to tell you.

He said, “Say it, Rabbi.”

41A certain lender had two debtors. The one owed five hundred denarii, and the other fifty.[41] 42When they couldn’t pay, he cancelled both their debts. Which of them will love him more?

43Simon answered, “I suppose the one for whom he cancelled the larger debt.”

Yeshua said to him, You have judged correctly. 44Turning to the woman, he said to Shim'on, “Do you see this woman? I entered into your house, and you gave me no water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head. 45You gave me no kiss, but since the time I came in she has not stopped kissing my feet. 46You didn’t give me any oil for my head, but she has poured her perfume on my feet. 47Because of this, I tell you that her sins, which are many, are forgiven, because she loved much. But someone who has been forgiven only a little, loves only a little.48He said to her, Your sins are forgiven.[48]

49Those who recvlined at the table with Him began to say to themselves, “Who is this who even forgives sins?”

50He said to the woman, Your trust has saved you. Go in peace.

Chapter 8


  2. This Centurion was almost certinly Cornelius. “In Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a Centurion of the Roman “Italian Regiment.” He was a devout God-fearer, as was his entire household. He generously contributed to the needs of the people, and prayed to God regularly. ” See Acts 10. [RETURN]

  6. As a God-fearer active in the religious life of the town, the Centurion would be very familiar with Jewish halakhah, and would know that a Rabbi would become ritually “unclean” by entering the home of a Gentile. [RETURN]

22a. Proclaiming, Greek euaggelizo, euaggelizo. Throughout the Apostolic Writings, especally in the Gospels, the word is used to denote the annouincing of, or teaching about, the Good News of the imminent coming of the Kingdom of God on earth. The message that was being proclaimed by Yochanan (the Immerser), Yeshua, and Yeshua’s Emissaries was a simple nine-word message: “Repent[3b] (that is, turn away from sin and return to HaShem and His Torah) for the Kingdom of God is at hand!” [I personally perfer the eight-word rendering: “Repent because the Kingdom of God is imminent!” But that’s just me.] The word is almost always translated as “preaching” in most English Bibles. Because nearly all “preaching” in American Churches is either about personal salvation or how to live a happer life as a Christian, I have retained the more awkward word “proclaiming” to emphasize the distinction between the two types of message. [RETURN]

22b. He referred them to the prophecies concerning the activities of Mashiach: “Then the eyes of the blind will be opened and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped.” (Isaiah 35:5) “The Spirit of Adonai ELOHIM is upon me, because ADONAI has anointed Me to bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent Me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to captives and freedom to prisoners.” (Isaiah 61:1) [RETURN]

25. Behold, Hebrew hnnh, hinneh. “Look here,” but not just look; “Really pay attention to this, because it’s very important!” [RETURN]

27. Malachi 3:1 [RETURN]

41. A denarius was the average day’s wage for a laborer, but put this in terms of your own income. One man owed 50 days’ (ten weeks) wages, the other owed 500 days’ (about two years) wages. [RETURN]

Washinig His feet with her tears48. There is an awful lot to unpack in these few verses. First of all, who was this woman, what was the nature of her sin, how did she know that Yeshua was in Shim'on’s house, and how did she manage to just walk into the house without being stopped? The text doesn’t tell us, but a bit of knowledge about her environment allows us to make some educated guesses.

The most probable “sin” for Shim'on to be offended by in this time and place would have been for her to be a prostitute. Maybe she was plying her trade on the street corner a block or two from Shim'on’s house when she saw this group of Pharisees, with Yeshua among them, walking toward Shim'on’s house. Maybe Yeshua noticed her and stopped to speak kindly to her. Maybe she tried to entice him by lowering her veil or maybe slipping her robe a bit off her shoulder; and maybe instead of expressing interest in what she was selling, He looked deep into her eyes with compassion and whispered that she didn’t have to be doing this for a living, that  maybe she had some other options. And maybe He whispered some of those options to her.

Maybe she was so moved by His compassion that she felt compelled to follow Him down the road. Maybe when the group went into the house, she followed them from a discrete distance.

In that time and place a woman’s hair was her glory. It was always kept covered except when in the presence of immediate family or most intimate friends. Maybe the perfume that she used was one of the best tools of her trade, and certainly the most expensive. Maybe she was so totally overwhelmed by this Man who actually saw her as a precious woman instead of just a toy that she was totally overcome by her emotions and just had to show her appreciation in the only way she knew how.

Shim'on, on the other hand, had violated the cardinal rules of hospitality for first century Israel. When a guest entered the home, the guest was greeted with a holy kiss, given scented oil for the hair, and water to have the dust of the roads washed from his feet by the host or by a servant. By ignoring this “protocol” Shim'on had demonstrated how little regard he actually had for Yeshua. But this woman didn’t give Yeshua water to wash His feet; she washed them with her own tears and dried them with her own precious hair. She didn’t greet Yeshua with a holy kiss on the cheek; she couldn’t stop kissing His feet. She didn’t give him scented oil for his hair; she poured out her very expensive perfume on his feet.

Shim'on was mentally sneering at this “prophet” for letting this “sinner” touch Him in such an intimate way. But maybe nobody stopped her when she went into the house because she was a frequent “guest” there. And maybe all the Pharisees with Shim'on knew her because they often “partied” there with her and her co-workers. It’s amazing that we are so easily offended when we see others openly commiting our own secret sins.

And Yeshua, knowing Shim'on’s heart, called him on it! Yes, Shim'on, you’re an outwardly Torah-observant Pharisee, but I know your secret heart. This woman loves Me so much because she has been forgiven of so much. But you, you self-righteous man, have some things that you need to be forgiven of. But you will never know her joy, because you will only admit to a few of your own sins.


Originally posted on Sunday, 14 June 2020

Page last updated on Wednesday, 29 December 2021 09:44 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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