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Messianic Learning 

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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom[1]
According to Lukas

Why is so much Hebrew vocabulary necessary? Read About This Version.
Please be sure to read the Introduction to the Gospels and Acts.

~ 11~

6. Instructions on prayer (Lk 11:1-4) (compare Mt 6:9-15)

1One time Yeshua was in a certain place, praying. When He had finished, one of his disciples said to Him, “Rabbi, teach us to pray, like YochananJohn taught his disciples.”[1]

2He said to them, “When you pray, say,

‘Our Father in heaven,
may your name be kept holy.
May your Kingdom come.
May your will be done on Earth, as it is in heaven.
3Give us day by day our daily bread.
4Forgive us our sins,
for we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
Bring us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.’”

a. Parable of the persistent friend (Lk 11:5-10)

5He said to them, “Which of you, if you go to a friend at midnight, and tell him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread, 6for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him,’ 7and he from within will answer and say, ‘Don’t bother me. The door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I can’t get up and give it to you’? 8I tell you, although he will not rise and give it to him because he is his friend, yet because of his chutzpah persistence, he will get up and give him as many as he needs.

9“I tell you, keep asking, and it will be given you. Keep seeking, and you will find. Keep knocking, and it will be opened to you. 10For everyone who keeps asking receives. He who keeps seeking finds. To him who keeps knocking it will be opened.

b. Parable of and a good father (Lk 11:11-13)

11“Which of you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish, he won’t give him a snake instead of a fish, will he? 12Or if he asks for an egg, he won’t give him a scorpion, will he? 13If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly Father give Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit to those who ask him?”

7. A mute demoniac healed (Lk 11:14)

14He was casting out a demon, and it was mute. It happened, when the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke; and the crowds marveled.

8. P'rushimPharisees blaspheme Ruach HaKodesh (Lk 11:15-16) (Mt 12:24-30; Mk 3:22-30)

 15But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the prince of the demons.” 16Others, testing him, sought from him a sign from heaven.

9. Warning about unclean spirits (Lk 11:17-23)

17But knowing their thoughts He said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation. A house divided against itself falls. 18If Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by Beelzebul. 19But if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your children[19] cast them out? Therefore will they be your judges. 20But if I by the finger of God[20] cast out demons, then the Kingdom of God has come to you.

21“When the strong, fully armed man, guards his own home, his goods are safe. 22But when someone stronger attacks him and overcomes him, he takes from him his whole armor in which he trusted, and divides his spoils.

23“Anyone who is not with Me is against Me. Whoever doesn’t gather with Me scatters. 24The unclean spirit, when he[24] has gone out of the man, passes through dry places, seeking rest, and finding none, he says, ‘I will turn back to my house from which I came out.’ 25When he returns, he finds it swept and put in order. 26Then he returns with seven other spirits more evil than himself, and they enter and live there. The last state of that man becomes worse than at first.”[26]

27As He said these things, a woman out of the croud, lifted up her voice, and said to him, “Blessed is the womb that bore you, and the breasts which nursed you!”

28But He said, “On the contrary, blessed are those who hear the word of God, and do it.”

10. The sign of YonahJonah (Lk 11:29-32) (Mt 12:38-41)

29When the crowds gathering around Him, he began to say, “This is an evil generation. It seeks after a sign. No sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah, the prophet. 30For even as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so will also the Son of Man be to this generation. 31The Queen of the South will rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and will condemn them: for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Shlomo; and behold, one greater than Shlomo is here. 32The men of Nineveh will stand up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it: for they repented at the proclaiming of Jonah, and behold, one greater than Jonah is here.

11. Parable of the lamp (Lk 11:33-36) (Mt 5:14-16; Mk 4:21-22; cp. Lk 8:16-18)


33“No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, that those who come in may see the light. 34The lamp of the body is the eye. Therefore when your eye is good, your whole body is also full of light; but when it is evil, your body also is full of darkness. 35Therefore see whether the light that is in you isn’t darkness. 36If therefore your whole body is full of light, having no part dark, it will be wholly full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light.”

12. P'rushimPharisees, SofrimScribes, and Torah experts denounced (Lk 11:37-54) (Mt 23:12-35)

37Now as he spoke, a certain ParushPharisee asked him to dine with him. He went in, and sat at the table. 38When the ParushPharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed himself before dinner. 39The Lord said to him, “Now you ParushimPharisee cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness. 40You foolish ones, didn’t he who made the outside make the inside also? 41But give for gifts to the needy those things which are within, and behold, all things will be clean to you. 42But woe to you ParushimPharisee! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, but you bypass justice and the love of God. You ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone. 43Woe to you ParushimPharisee! For you love the best seats in the synagogues, and the greetings in the marketplaces. 44Woe to you, SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes and ParushimPharisee, hypocrites! For you are like hidden graves, and the men who walk over them don’t know it.”

45One of the Torah scholars answered him, “Rabbi, in saying this you insult us also.”

46He said, “Woe to you Torah scholars also! For you load men with burdens that are difficult to carry, and you yourselves won’t even lift one finger to help carry those burdens. 47Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 48So you testify and consent to the works of your fathers. For they killed them, and you build their tombs. 49Therefore also the wisdom of God said, ‘I will send to them prophets and emissaries; and some of them they will kill and persecute, 50that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; 51from the blood of Abel to the blood of "ZechariahZ'kharyah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary.’ Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation. 52Woe to you Torah scholars! For you took away the key of knowledge. You didn’t enter in yourselves, and those who were entering in, you hindered.”

53As he said these things to them, the SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes and the ParushimPharisee began to be terribly angry, and to draw many things out of him; 54lying in wait for him, and seeking to catch him in something he might say, that they might accuse him.

Chapter 12


  1. It was common practice for a rabbi to construct a liturgical or other special prayer for his talmidim, so this was not a special request. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 28 June 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
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Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return