The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man


~ 12 ~

a. Talmidimdisciples warned of the false doctrine of the P'rushimPharisees (Lk 12:1-15) (Mt 16:6-12; Mk 8:14-21)

1Meanwhile, when a throng of tens of thousands[1a] of people had gathered so closely bunched that they were stepping on each other, He began to tell His talmidimdisciples first, “Guard yourselves from the leaven[1b] of the Parushim — their hypocrisy. 2But there is nothing covered up that won’t be uncovered, nor any secret that won’t become known. 3So whatever you have spoken in the dark will be heard in the light, and whatever you have whispered In private will be shouted from the rooftops.[3]

4I’m telling you, My friends, don’t be afraid of those who can kill the body, and after that there’s nothing else have no more that they can do. 5But I’ll warn you about the One you should fear.[5a] Fear the One Who after killing you has has the power to cast you into Gei-Hinnom.[5b] Yes, I’m telling you, this is the One you should fear.

6Aren’t five sparrows sold for two assarions?[6] Yet not even one of them is forgotten by God. 7But even the hairs of your head are all numbered. So don’t be afraid. You worth much more than a whole flock of sparrows.

8I’m telling you, everyone who publically confesses[8] Me, the Son of Man will also confess in the presence God’s angels; 9but anyone who publically disowns Me will be disowned in the presence of God’s angels. 10Also, if anyone speaks a word against the Son of Man, he will be forgiven, whoever blasphemes[10] against Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. 11When they bring you before the synagogues, rulers, and authorities, don’t worry about how or what you should say or what you are to speak in your defense; 12Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit will teach you in that very moment what you need to say.

13Someone in the crowd said to Him, “Rabbi, tell my brother to share the family inheritance with me.”

14But Yeshua asked him, “Man, who made me a judge or a decision-maker over you?15Then He said to the crowd, “Watch out! Be on guard against all forms of greed, because a man’s life doesn’t consist of the abundance hid possessions.

13. Three parables

a. Parables of a rich fool (Lk 12:16-34)

16He told them a parable: “A rich man’s land was very productive. 17He told himself, ‘What will I do? I don’t have enough room to store all my crops?’ 18He decided, ‘This is what I will do. I’ll tear down my barns build bigger ones. That’s where I’ll store all my grain and my goods. 19I’ll tell my soul, “Soul, you have many goods stored up for many years. Take your ease, eat, drink, be merry.”’

20But God said to him, ‘You fool, tonight you’re going to die! And everything you have saved up — whose are they going to be?’ 21This is what everyone is like who lays up treasure for himself, but has no wealth in the eyes of God.

22He said to his talmidimdisciples, “For this reason I’m telling you to not worry about your life, what you will eat, or about your body as to what you will wear. 23Life is more than food and the body is more than clothing. 24Think about the ravens: they don’t sow, they don’t reap, they have no warehouses or barns, and yet God feeds them. How much more valuable are you than birds! 25Which of you can make yourself any taller by worring about it? 26If you can’t do a little thing like that, why do you worry about all the rest? 27Think about how the wildflowers grow. They don’t woek; they don’t make thread. Yet I tell you, even ShlomoSolomon in all his glory wasn’t dressed as fine as one of these. 28But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which is alive today and is thrown into the oven tomorrow, how much more will He clothe you, you little-faiths?[28] 29Don’t strive after what you will eat or what you will drink; don’t worry. 30The Gentile world eagerly seeks after all of these things, but your Father knows that you need them. 31Rather, seek God’s Kingdom and all these things will be provided for you. 32Don’t be afraid, little flock, because your Father delights to give you the Kingdom. 33Sell what you have and give to the poor. Make for money-bags for yourselves that won’t grow old, unfailing riches in heaven, where no thief comes near and no moth destroys. 34For wherever your treasure is, that’s where your heart will be.

b. Parable and warning of HaMashiachthe Anointed One’s return (Lk 12:35-40) (Mt 24:37-51; Mt 25:1-30)

35Be dresed for action with your lamps lit. 36Be like servants watching for their lord to return from a wedding reception; so when he comes and knocks they can immediately open the door for him. 37Those servants whom the lord finds watching when he returns will be blessed. I assure you that he will put on his work clothes, have them recline at the table, and he will come and serve them. 38Whether he comes late at night or early in the morning, if he finds them alert those servants will be blessed.

 39But know this, no homeowner would let his home be broken into if he knew what time the burglar was coming. 40So you be ready, because the Son of Man is coming at a time that you don’t expect Him.

c. Parable of testing servants (Lk 12:41-48)

41KefaPeter said to Him, “Lord, are you addressing this parable to us, or to everyone?”

42The Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and sensible manager that his master appoints over his family to feed them at the right times? 43That servant will be rewarded when his master arrives and finds him working. 44I tell you the truth, he will put him in charge of everything he owns. 45But if that servant says to himself, ‘My lord won’t be coming for a long time,’ and he begins to beat the male and female servants, and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46that servant’s master will come on a day when he isn’t expecting Him, and at a hour that he doesn’t know, and will cut him in pieces and assign his lot with the unbelievers. 47That servant who knew his master’s will, and didn’t prepare or do what he wanted, will be severely beaten; 48but the servant who didn’t know, and did things worthy of a flogging, will be beaten less severely. Whoever is given much will be required much in return; and whoever was entrusted with much will be expected all the more.

14. HaMashiachthe Anointed One is a divider of men in spiritual matters (Lk 23:49-59)

49I came to start a fire[49] on the earth, and how I wish it were already burning. 50But I have an immersion[50a] to undergo,[50b] and how it consumes me until it is accomplished! 51Do you think that I came to give peace to the earth? I tell you, no, but rather division. 52For from now on five in one house will be divided, three against two, and two against three. 53They will be divided, father against son, and son against father; mother against daughter, and daughter against her mother; mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”[53]

54Then He said to the crowds also, “When you see a cloud rising from the west, immediately you say, ‘A shower is coming,’ and so it happens. 55When a south wind blows, you say, ‘It’s going to be a scorcher,’ and so it is. 56You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky, but why don’t ou know how to interpret this time? 57Why don’t you judge for yourselves what is right? 58As you are going before the magistrate with your adversary, make a real effort to settle wit him on the way. Then maybe he won’t drag you before the judge, and the judge hands you over to the bailif, and the bailif throws you into prison. 59I tell you, you will by never get out of there until you have paid the very last lepton.[59]

Chapter 13

_______________

1a. The Greek word muriaß, murias is usually translated as “thousands,” but the literal rendering is “ten thousand” or “an unlimited number. [RETURN]

1b.  Leaven (Greek zume, zume) is yeast or any similar dough-rising or fermenting agent. It was used by taking a small portion of any dough that had raised and set it aside for later use as a “starter.” A small portion of the starter could then be added to the ingredients of a new loaf, like a sourdough starter or any of the various popular “friendship” breads. The word is used metaphorically of inveterate mental, doctrinal, and/or moral corruption, viewed in its tendency to rapidly infect others. [RETURN]

  3. Don’t think you can talk or act one way and actually live another. You are sure to be found out, and it will be made public for everyone to see. [RETURN]

  5a. Fear: Greek fobeo, phobeo. To reverence, venerate, to treat with deference or reverential obedience. [RETURN]

  5b. Gehenna (Hell) or “Gehenna of fire” is the place of the future punishment. This originally referred to the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned. As it was constantly being fuels, the fire was never extinguished; a fit symbol of the wicked and their future destruction. [RETURN]

  6. An assarion was a small copper coin worth about an hour’s wages for an agricultural laborer. [RETURN]

  8. Confess, Greek omologeo homologeo: to declare openly, speak out freely about. [RETURN]

10. Blaspheme, Greek blasfemeo, blasphemeo. Speak evil or reproachfully, rail at, revile. Equivalent of Hebrew lashon hara (or loshon horo) (Hebrew: לשון הרע‎; “evil tongue”), derogatory speech about a person which emotionally or financially damages them or lowers them in the estimation of others. [RETURN]

28. I don’t think this was a rebuke. I believe it was actually a term of endearment, as if spoken to a small child who is struggling to grasp a difficult new concept. [RETURN]

49. “Primarily the refining fire of holiness and the ultimate fire of judgment against sin (compare Isaiah 66:24; Malachi 3:2-3; 1Corinthians 3:13-15; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:14-15). Secondarily a fire of hostilitiy between unbelievers and believers.” (Stern, Jewish New Testament Commentary,  p. 126) [RETURN]

50a. Immersion, Greek baptisma, baptisma: immersion or submersion, but also calamities and afflictions with which one is quite overwhelmed. [RETURN]

50b. Undergo, Greek baptizo, baptizo: (a) to dip repeatedly, to immerse, to submerge (of vessels sunk); (b) to cleanse by dipping or submerging, to wash, to make clean with water, to wash one's self, bathe (c) to overwhelm. [RETURN]

53. Micah 7:6 [RETURN]

59. A lepton is a very small brass Jewish coin worth half a Roman quadrans, which is worth a quarter of the copper assarion. Lepta are worth less than 1% of an agricultural worker’s daily wages. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 28 June 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!