The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 13 ~

15. A call to repent (Lk 13:1-5)

1Now at the same time some people came to tell Yeshua about some people from the GalilGalilee who Pilate slaughtered while they were making their sacrifices. 2Yeshua answered them, “Do you think just because they died so horribly these folks from the GalilGalilee were worse sinners than everyone else from the the GalilGalilee? 3I tell you, no, but unless you turn from your sin back to HaShem and His Torah, you will all perish in the same way.[3] 4Or those eighteen people who were killed when the tower in Siloam[4] fell on them; do you think that they were worse offenders than all the men who live in YerushalayimJerusalem? 5I tell you, no, but, unless you turn from your sin back to God and His Torah, you will all perish in the same way.

16. Parable of the fig tree (Lk 13:6-9) (Mt 21:18-21; Mk 11:12-26)

6He told this parable. “A man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came looking for fruit on it, but he didn’t find any. 7He said to the vine dresser, ‘Look, for three years I have come looking for fruit on this fig tree, and have never found any. Cut it down. It's just wasting valuable soil.’ 8But he answered, ‘Sir, leave it alone for one more year; I’ll dig around it and fertilize it. 9If it bears fruit, fine; but if not, you can have it cut it down then.’

17. Woman with infirmity healed on Shabbat (Lk 13:10-17)

10Yeshua was teaching in one of the synagogues on Shabbat. 11A woman who had a spirit that had crippled her for eighteen years. She was bent over and it was impossible for her to stand up straight. 12When Yeshua saw her He called her, and said to her, Woman, you are freed from your sickness. 13He laid his hands on her, and immediately she stood up straight and began glorifying God.

14The president of the synagogue became indignant that Yeshua had healed on Shabbat and said to the congregation, “There are six weekdays for working! Come on one of those days and be healed, but not on Shabbat!”

15So the Lord answered him, You hypocrites! Doesn’t each one of you untie his ox or his donkey from the stall and lead him to water on Shabbat? 16The AdversaryHaSatan (Satan) has kept this woman, this daughter of Avraham, bound up for eighteen long years! Shouldn’t she be freed from this bondage on Shabbat?

17These words that He spoke put to shame those who opposed Him, but the congregation was overjoyed by the wonderful things that He was doing.

18. Parables of mustard seed and leaven repeated (Lk 13:18-21)

18Again He said, What is the Kingdom of God like? To what shall I compare it? 19It is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and planted in his garden. It grew into a large tree, and the birds nested in its branches.

20He went on, “To what shall I compare the Kingdom of God? 21It is like leaven[GN] that a woman took and hid in three sata[21] of flour, until it was all leavened.

19. Teaching on the way to YerushalayimJerusalem (Lk 13:22-33)

22He traveled on through towns and villages, teaching and making His way on to YerushalayimJerusalem. 23One said to him, “Lord, are only a few people being saved?”

He said to them, 24Struggle to get in through the narrow door because — I’m telling you — many will be demanding to be admitted, but they won’t be able to. 25When the homeowner has gotten up and has shut the door, and you stand outside and begin to knock on the door, saying, ‘Lord, Lord, open the door for us!’ Then he will answer you, ‘I don’t know you and I don’t know where you’re from.’ 26Then you’ll say, ‘We ate and drank with you! You taught in our streets!’ 27Then he’ll say, ‘I’m telling you, I don’t know where you come from. Get away from me, all you workers of wickedness.’ 28You will be weeping and grinding your teeth when you see AvrahamAraham, Yitz'chakIsaac, Ya'akovJacob, and all the prophets inside the Kingdom of God, but yourselves being thrown outside. 29People will come from the east, west, north, and south to sit down in the Kingdom of God. 30Hinneh, there are some who are last who will be first, and there are some who are first who will be last.

31Later that day, some ParushimPharisee came and told Him, “Leave here and go far away, because Herod wants to kill you.”

32He said to them, Go and tell that fox, ‘Hinneh, I will be driving out demons and curing people today and tomorrow, but the third day I will reach my goal. 33Nevertheless, I must keep traveling today, tomorrow, and the next day, because it is simply unthinkable that a prophet should die anywhere but YerushalayimJerusalem.’

20. Yeshua weeps over YerushalayimJerusalem (Lk 13:34-35) (Mt 23:37-39; Lk 19:41-44; cp. Ps 118:26; Jer 22:5)

34YerushalayimJerusalem, YerushalayimJerusalem, you kill the prophets and stone those who are sent to you! How often I wanted to gather your children like a hen gathers her own brood under her wings, but you refused! 35Hinneh, your house is left waste! I tell you, you will not see me, until you say, ‘Baruch haba b'shem ADONAI [Blessed is he who comes in the name of ADONAI!’[35]

Chapter 14


  3. The Siege of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE was the decisive event of the First Jewish–Roman War, in which the Roman army captured the city of Jerusalem and destroyed both the city and its Temple. The Roman army, led by the future Emperor Titus, with Tiberius Julius Alexander as his second-in-command, besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, which had been controlled by Judean rebel factions since 66 CE, following the Jerusalem riots of 66, when the Judean provisional government was formed in Jerusalem.

The siege of the city began on 14 April 70 CE, three days before the beginning of Passover that year. The siege lasted for about four months; it ended in August 70 CE on Tisha B'Av with the burning and destruction of the Second Temple. The Romans then entered and sacked the Lower City.

Josephus claims that 1.1 million people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish. Josephus attributes this to the celebration of Passover which he uses as rationale for the vast number of people present among the death toll. Armed rebels, as well as the frail citizens, were put to death. All of Jerusalem's remaining citizens became Roman prisoners. After the Romans killed the armed and elder people, 97,000 were still enslaved, including Simon bar Giora and John of Giscala. Simon bar Giora was executed, and John of Giscala was sentenced to life imprisonment. Of the 97,000, thousands were forced to become gladiators and eventually expired in the arena. Many others were forced to assist in the building of the Forum of Peace and the Colosseum. Those under 17 years of age were sold into servitude.
[, accessed 06/28/20] [RETURN]

  4. It is believed that this tower was a support for the aquaduct carrying water to the pool of Siloam just south of what is now the Old City of Jerusalem. [RETURN]

21. Three sata is about 39 litres or a bit more than a bushel. [RETURN]

35. Psalm 118:26 [RETURN]


Originally posted on Moonday, 29 June 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return