The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 15 ~

24. Three parables of joy over repentance (Lk 15:1-32)

1The tax collectors and sinners were gathering around to hear Him. 2The ParushimPharisee and the SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes grumbled, “This man welcomes sinners; He even eats with them.”

a. Lost sheep (Lk 15:3-7) (Mt 18:23-24)

3So He told them this parable: 4If any one of you men had one hundred sheep, and lost one of them, wouldn’t he leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go after the one that was lost, until he found it? 5And when he has found it, he joyfully hoists it onto his shoulders. 6When he gets home, he calls together his friends and his neighbors, saying to them, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found my sheep which was lost!’ 7I tell you that even so there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents, than over ninety-nine righteous people who need no repentance.

b. Lost coin (Lk 15:8-10)

8Or what woman, if she had ten drachmas,[8] if she lost one drachma, wouldn’t light a lamp, sweep the house, and seek diligently until she found it? 9When she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbors, saying, ‘Rejoice with me, for I have found the drachma which I had lost.’ 10Even so, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner repenting.

c. Two lost sons (Lk 15:11-32)

11He said, “A man had two sons. 12The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of your estate.’ So the divided his possessions between them.[12] 13A few days later, the younger son gathered up everything he had and left for a distant country, where he squandered everything he had on riotous living. 14After he had spent everything, a severe famine struck that country, and he was left withn nothing. 15He went to work for one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs.[15] 16He would have been glad to eat the pigs’ food; no one would give him anything.[16] 17But when he came to his senses said to himself, ‘How many of my father’s employees have more than enough food, and here I’m starving to death! 18I’ll get up and go gine to my father, and I’ll tell him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven, and against you. 19I no longer deserve to be called your son. Make me one of your employees.”’

20He got up, and started home to his father. But while he was still a long way away, his father saw him,[20] and was filled with compassion for him. He ran to him, embraced him, and and kissed him. 21The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’

22But the father said to his household staff, ‘Hurry! Bring out the best robe and put it on him; put a ring on his finger,[22] and shoes on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf, kill it, and let us eat, and celebrate; 24for this son of mine was dead, but he’s alive again. He was lost, but he’s been found.’ And they began celebrating.

25Now his elder son was in the field. As he came near to the house, he heard music and dancing. 26He called one of the household staff and asked what was going on. 27The servant told him, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the fattened calf, because he has gottenhim back safe and healthy.’ 28But the son became angry, and refused to go inside. So his father came out, and pleaded with him. 29But the son answered, ‘Look, I have served you for all these years, and I’ve never disobeyed your orders. But you’ve never given me even a goat to celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours[30] who has squandered your money on prostitutes comes home,  you killed the fattened calf for him.’

31The father told him, ‘Son, you were always here with me, and everything I own is all yours.[31] 32But we needed to celebrate and rejoice, because your brother was dead and now He’s alive again. He was lost, but now he’s been found.’

Chapter 16


 8. A drachma coin was worth about 2 days wages for an agricultural laborer. [RETURN]

12. This was an act of extreme arrogance and disrespect towards his father. The son was not entitled to anything at all untill the father died. Then the estate would be divided with the elder son receiving two-thirds (his “double portion”) of everything and the younger receiving the remaining third. So the father “cashed out” early, gave the younger son his third, and gave the elder son the remaining two-thirds. This very probably left the father dependent upon his elder son.

15. This was about as low as it was possible for him to sink. Pigs were among the most unclean of all animals and it was forbidden to even touch their carcass (Deut 18:8). [RETURN]

16. One might ask if he was working, why not buy himself some food with his wages. My personal guess is that he was spending all his income on “partying” with his friends and then complaining that he couldn’t afford food. You probably have wondered the same thing when you saw a “homeless” pandhandler standing on the corner begging for money while smoking a cigarette. Maybe he should have bought food instead of tobacco. Feel free to disagree.  [RETURN]

20. As a father, I can imagine this man spending several hours of each day standing at the gate of his property, staring longingly down the road for any glimpse of his son. [RETURN]

22. This was very likely not just any old ring, but a signet ring giving him authority over all his father owned. [RETURN]

30. Notice that it’s “this son of yours,” not “my brother.” [RETURN]

31. Apparently the elder son was so bitter that he didn’t stop to think that his father’s entire estate had already been given to him. In his bitterness he continued to live like an employee when he was actually the CEO. Before we allow ourselves to be enslaved by out bitterness, we need to stop and reassess who we really are and what we really have. [RETURN]

Orignially posted on Thursday, 09 July 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return