The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man

~ 19 ~

C. Ministry of the Son of Man in YerichoJericho (vv 1-27)

1. Yeshua enters Jericho and home of Zakkai (vv 1-7)

1Yeshua entered YerichoJericho and was passing through. 2A very rich man named ZakkaiZacchaeus, a chief tax collector, was there. 3He was trying to see who Yeshua was, but he was short and and couldn’t see because of the crowd. 4He ran on ahead, and climbed up into a sycamineFicus sycomorus, Sycamore fig or fig-mulberry tree to see Yeshua, because He was about to pass that way. 5When Yeshua got there, He looked up and saw him, and said to him, “Zakkai! Hurry, come down! I need to stay at your house.” 6He climbed down quickly and welcomed Him joyfully. 7When the people saw this, they began murmuring, “He has gone to be the guest of a sinner!”

2. ZakkaiZacchaeus repents (vv 8-10)

8ZakkaiZacchaeus stopped and said to the Lord, “Hinneh, Lord, I will give half of everything I own to the poor,  and if I have defrauded anyone I will give back four times as much.”

9Yeshua said to him, “Today, salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Avraham. 10For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.

3. Parable of ten manima maneh is about three months’s wages (vv 11-27)

11While they were listening, Yeshua went on to tell a parable, because He was near YerushalayimJerusalem, and the people assumed that the Kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. 12So He said, “A nobleman went to a distant country to receive for himself a kingdom, and then return. 13He called ten servants of his, gave them each ten minas,[13] and told them, ‘Conduct business with this until I come back.’ 14But his subjects hated him, and sent an envoy after him, saying, ‘We don’t want this man to rule over us.’

15When he returned after having received his kingdom, he ordered the servants to whom he had given the money be brought to him to find out how much they had earned conducting business. 16The first came before him and said, ‘Master, your mina has earned ten more minas.’

17He said to him, ‘Well done, good servant! Because you have been found faithful with very little, you shall have authority over ten towns.’

18The second came and said, ‘Master, your mina has earned five minas.’

19So he said to him, ‘And you are to be over five cities.’

20Another came and said, ‘Master, here is your mina. I kept it hidden away in a handkerchief 21because I was afraid of you since you are a tough man. You collect what you didn’t deposit and reap what you didn’t sow.’

22He said to him, ‘I judge you by your own words, you evil servant! You knew that I am an tough man, collecting what I didn’t deposit and reaping what I didn’t sow!? 23Then why didn’t you deposit my money in the bank so when I returned I could at least have earned interest on it?’ 24He said to those who were standing there, ‘Take the mina away from him, and give it to the one who has the ten minas.’

25They answered him, ‘But Master, he already has ten minas!’

 26‘I’m telling you,’ the master said, ‘that to everyone who has, more will be given; and from the one who doesn’t have, even what he does have will be taken away from him. 27But bring those enemies of mine who didn’t want me to rule over them here, and execute them in front of me.’

VI. Rejection of the Son of Man (vv 28-23:56)

A. The Son of Man enters Yerushalayim (vv 28-40) (Mt 21:1-9; Mk 11:1-10; Jn 12:12-19; Zech 9:9)

28After saying this, Yeshua went on and began the ascent to YerushalayimJerusalem.

29As he approached Beit-PageiBethphage, “house of unripe figs” and Beit-AnyahBethany, "house of dates" or “house of misery” at the foot of the Mount of Olives, He sent two of His talmidimdisciples, 30saying, “Go into the village ahead. As you enter you will find a young donkey tied there that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it to Me. 31If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ tell him, ‘The Lord needs it.’

32Those who were sent went away and found things just as He had said. 33As they were untying the donkey, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the donkey?” 34They said, “The Lord needs it.” 35They brought it to Yeshua. They threw their cloaks on the donkey, and set Yeshua on them.[35] 36As he went, they spread their cloaks in the way. 37As He was approaching the road that descends from the Mount of Olives, the entire throng of talmidim[37] began to loudly praise God for all the miracles they had seen, 38saying, “Baruch haba b'shem ADONAI! Blessed is the King who comes in the name of ADONAI![38] Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest!”

39Some of the ParushimPharisee in the crowd said to Him, “Rabbi, rebuke your talmidim!”

40But Yeshua answered, “I tell you that if these were to become silent, the very stones would cry out.”

1. He weeps over city (vv 41-44) (Mt 23:37-39; Lk 13:34-35)

41When he came near to Jerusalem, He saw the city and began to weep over it, 42saying, “If you had only known today what would have brought your shalom! But now it is hidden from your eyes. 43For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, and hem you in on every side. 44They will crush you and your children within you to the ground, and they will not leave one stone on another, because you didn’t recognize the time of your visitation.[44]

2. He cleanses temple (vv 45-48) (Mt 21:12-13; Mk 11:15-18; Jn 2:13-16)

45Yeshua entered the temple and began to drive out those who were buying and selling, 46saying to them, “The Tanakh says, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer,’[46a] but you have made it a ‘den of robbers’![46b]

47He was teaching daily in the Temple, but the Cohenim Gadolim, the Sofri, and the leading men among the people were trying to destroy him. 48But they couldn’t figure out anything they could do, because all the people were hanging on to every word He said.

Chapter 20


13. 10 minas was more than 3 years’ wages for an agricultural laborer. [RETURN]

35. Zechariah 9:9 [RETURN]

37. Remember that Yeshua had thousands of disciples, but only twelve Apostles. [RETURN]

38. Psalm 118:26 [RETURN]

44. This prophecy was fulfilled at the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 CE, when Titus conquered Jerusalem and burned the city and the Temple to the ground. To obtain the gold from the Temple, the soldiers literally tore down every stone to get at the gold that had melted and run between them. Josephus claims that 1.1 million prople were slaughtered. [RETURN]

46a. Isaiah 56:7 [RETURN]

46b. Jeremiah 7:11 [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 12 July 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return