The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!


WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary Sometimes the paraphrase is the only comment necessary for a particular passage.

Maps, when used, are from Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from
Source of Dates Used

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the GospelsCrucifixion Week Chronology
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

To find a passage‘s place in the One-Year Chronology, click on the hourglass.

The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Yeshua HaMashiach, the Son of Man

~ 20 ~

B. Yeshua’s authority challenged (vv 1-8) (Mt 21:23-27; Mk 11:27-33)

1One day as Yeshua was teaching the people in the Temple and proclaiming the Good News, the leading cohenimpriests and SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes came to him with the zakenimelders. 2They asked him, “Tell us: what s'mikhahordination do you have authorizing You to do these things? Who gave You Your s'mikhahordination?”[1]

3He answered them, “I’ll also ask you one question. Tell me: 4the immersion of YochananJohn, was it from Heaven, or from men?

5They discussed it among themselves: “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He’ll say, ‘Why didn’t you believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘From men,’ the people will stone us, because they’re convinced that YochananJohn was a prophet.” 7So they said that they didn’t know where it was from.

8Yeshua told them, “Then I won’t tell you by what s'mikhahordination I do these things.

1. Parable of the vineyard owner (vv 9-18) (Mt 21:33-46; Mk 12:1-9; cp. Isa 5:1-7)

9Then Yeshua began to tell the people this parable. “A man planted a vineyard, rented it out to some farmers, and left to another country for a long time. 10When the time came, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of vineyard’s crop. But the farmers beat him up and sent him away empty-handed. 11He sent another servant, and they also beat him up, mistreated him, and sent him away empty-handed. 12So he sent yet a third servant, and they also wounded him, and threw him out. 13The master of the vineyard said, ‘What should I do? I will my son, whom I love. Maybe when they see him, they’ll respect him.’

14But when the farmers saw him, they conspired together: ‘This is the heir. Come on, let’s kill him so his inheritance will be ours.’ 15They threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.[15]

When they heard it, they said, “Heaven forbid!”

17But He looked at them and said, “Then what is this that is written in the Tanakh,

‘The stone which the builders rejected,
this one was made the chief cornerstone?’[17]
18Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces,
but whomever it falls on will crushed to dust.”

2. The Herodians instructed on paying tribute to Caesar (vv 19-26) (Mr 22:15-22; Mk 12:13-17)

19The leading cohenimpriests and the SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes would have arrested Him on the spot, but they were afraid of the people; they knew He had told this parable about them. 20So they kept a close eye on Him and sent out spies, who pretended to be righteous, so they might be able to trap Him in something He said. Then they would have an excuse to hand him over to the jurisdiction and authority of the governor. 21They demanded[21] of Him, “Rabbi, we know that you say and teach what is right, and aren’t partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God. 22Does Torah allow us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”

23But He perceived their craftiness, and said, 24Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?

They answered, “Caesar’s.”

25He said to them, “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.

26They weren’t able to trap Him what He said in public, and amazed at His answer, they kept quite.

3. Tz'dukimSadducees instructed about resurrection (vv 27-38) (Mt 22:23-33; Mk 12:18-27)

27Some Tz'dukimSadducees — who don’t believe in resurrection — came to HIm. 28They questioned Him, “Rabbi, MosheMoses wrote for us that if a man’s married brother dies, and he has no child, his brother should marry the wife, and procreate children for his brother. 29So there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless. 30The second brother married her, and he also died childless. 31The third also married her, and likewise all seven; all left no children, and died. 32Later the woman also died. 33So in the resurrection, out of all of them whose wife will she be? For all seven had married her.”

34Yeshua said to them, “In the olam hazehthe present world men and women marry. 35But those who are judged worthy of the Olam HabaWprld to Come and the Resurrection from the dead, do not get married,  36because they can no longer die. Since they are children of the Resurrection, they are children of God, like the angels. 37But even MosheMoses showed that the dead are raised. When he wrote about the bush, He called ADONAI ‘The God of Avraham, the God of Yitz'chak, and the God of Ya'akov.’[37] 38So He is not the God of the dead, but of the living; they are alive alive to Him.

4. The SofimScribes, Torah Teachers silenced (vv 39-47) (Mt 22:41-46;  Mt 23:1-36; Mk 12:35-40)

39Some of the SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes answered, “Well said, Rabbi!” 40They didn’t dare ask Him any more questions.

41So He said to them, “Why do they say that MashiachMessiah is David’s son? 42David himself says in the scroll of the Psalms,

‘ADONAI said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
43until I make your enemies your footstool.’[43]

44Here David [speaking about Messiah] calls Him ‘Lord,’ so how can He be David’s son?

45Within the hearing of all the people, He said to his talmidimdisciples, 46Watch out for the kind of Sofrim who like to walk around in long robes, and love deferential greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts; 47who fraudulantly appropriate widows’ property, and make long prayers just for show: they will receive the greater punishment.[47]

Chapter 21


 1. That is, which of the rabbis that we recognize ordained you? When I first began teaching Messianic Judaism, a female “rabbi,” jealous for “her territory,” came to me and asked the same question. I pointed to my ordination certificate on the wall. But “ordination,” even by a recognized “authority,” does not “authorize” anyone to proclaim the Good News of the Kingdom. The “ordination” by the Elders only signifies their recognition that HaShem has already called and equipped a person for ministry in the Kingdom. [BACK]

15. The vinyard is Israel. The man who planted it is HaShem. The tenant-farmers are the Levitical priesthood. The crop is a righteous people. The servants are the prophets. The son is Yeshua. The others to whom the vinyard is given are the Apostles. [BACK]

17. Psalm 118:22 [BACK]

21. Demanded: Greek eperotao, eperotao, to accost one with an enquiry, put a question to, enquiry of, ask, interrogate; to address one with a request or demand; to ask of or demand of one. [BACK]

37. Exodus 3:6 [BACK]

43. Psalm 110:1 [BACK]

47. It sounds to me like He’s describing many modern “televangelists” who live in multi-million-dollar estates and drive around in new cars that cost six figures. Feel free to disagree. [BACK]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 15 July 2020

Page last updated on Sunday, 24 March 2024 04:50 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

Blue Letter Bible Search Tool

Range Options:

e.g. Gen;Psa-Mal;Rom 3-9