The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Sections of the Apostolic Writings
The Gospels and Acts • The “Pauline” Letters • General Letters • End Times


Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom
According to Lukas:
Yeshua, the Son of Man


~ 23 ~

15. Yeshua before Pilate (vv 1-5) (Mt 27:2; Mt 27:11-14; Mk 15:1-5; Jn 18:28-38)

1The whole Sanhedrin rose up and brought Yeshua before Pilate 2where they began to accuse him. They said, saying, “We found this man corrupting our nation, forbidding payment of taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Mashiach, a king.”

3Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Y’hudimJews?”

He answered him, “You say so.”

4Pilate said to the leading cohenimpriests and the mob, “I find no grounds for charging this man.”

5But they insisted, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Y'hudahJudea,  from the GalilGalilee where He started, all the way to here.”

16. Pilate sends Yeshua to Herod (vv 6-12)

 6But when Pilate heard the GalilGalilee mentioned, he asked, “I this man a native of the GalilGalilee?” 7When he found out that He was under Herod’s jurisdiction, He sent him to Herod, who happened to be in YerushalayimJerusalem at the time.

8Herod was delighted when he saw Yeshua. He had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had heard many things about Him, and was hoping to see Him work some miracle. 9He questioned Him for a very long time, but Yeshua gave Him no answers. 10The leading cohenimpriests and the SofrimTorah Teachers, Scribes were standing there, vehemently accusing him. 11Herod with his soldiers treated Him with contempt and mocked Him. Then they dressed Him in a luxurious robe and sent Him back to Pilate. 12Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, whereas before that they had been enemies with each other.

17. Herod sends Yeshua back to Pilate; Pilate seeks to release Him (vv 13-25) (Mt 27:15-26; Mk 15:6-15; Jn 18:39-40; Jn 19:1-16)

13Pilate convened the leading cohenimpriests, the leaders, and the people, 14and said to them, “You brought this man to me on a charge of inciting the people to rebellion, I have interrogated Him in your presence found no basis for the charge you accuse Him of. 15Neither did Herod. As you can see, he sent Him back here. He has done nothing deserving a death sentence, 16so I’ll punish Him and release Him.”

17Now he was obliged to release one prisoner to them during the Feast. 18But they all cried out together, saying, “Away with this man! Release Bar-Abbalit. “son of a father”; Barabbas to us!” 19(Bar-Abba had been sent to prison for starting a revolution in the city, and for murder.)[19]

20Then Pilate appealed to them again, because he wanted to release Yeshua. 21But they kept on shouting, “Crucify! Crucify Him!”

22For the third time he asked them, “Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no crime in him deserving of death. So I will punish[22] him and release him.” 23But they continued yelling insistantly for Him to be crucified, and their voices prevailed. 24Pilate ordered that their desire be granted. 25He released the man who had imprisoned for insurrection and murder, the man they had asked for; but he surrendered Yeshua to their will.

18. On the way to the place of execution (vv 26-31) (Mt 27:31-32; Mk 15:20-21; Jn 19:16-17)

26While they were leading Him away, they grabbed hold of a man from Cyrene named Shim`onSimon, who was coming in from the country. They loaded stauros[GN] on his back and forced him to carry it behind Yeshua. 27A large crowd of people was following Him, including women who were also mourning and lamenting Him. 28But Yeshua, turning to them, said, “Daughters of YerushalayimJerusalem, don’t weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29Hinneh, the days are coming when they will say, ‘The childless ones are lucky, those whose wombs have never born children, and whose breasts have never nursed an infant.’ 30Then they will begin to call out to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’[30] 31For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will they do when it is dry?”[31]

19. Yeshua is crucified (vv 32-38) (Mt 27:33-43; Mk 15:22-32; Jn 19:17-22)

“The Skull” hill in Jerusalem32Two others, both criminals, were being lead out with Him to be executed. 33When they came to the place that is called “The Skull,” they crucified Him there along with the criminals, one on His right and the other on His left.

34Yeshua said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t understand what they are doing.”

Then they divided His garments among themselves by casting lotsshooting dice. 35The people stood around watching. Even the rulers who were there with them sneered at Him: “He saved others. Let Him save Himself, if this is God’s Mashiach, His Chosen One!”

36The soldiers also mocked him, coming up to Him, offering him vinegar, 37and saying, “If You are the King of the Y’hudim, save Yourself!”

38An inscription[38a] was also written above Him: “This is the King of the Y’hudim.”[38b]

20. The repentant criminal (vv 39-43) (Mt 27:44; Mk 15:32)

39One of the criminals who was hanging there railed against Him, saying, “Aren’t You the Mashiach? So save yourself and us!”

40But the other answered, rebuking him,, “Don’t you even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41And we are certainly suffering justly, for we are receiving what we deserve for our crimes, but this Man has done nothing wrong.” 42He turned to Yeshua and said, “Lord, remember me when You come into Your Kingdom.”

43Yeshua answered him, “I assure you that you will be with Me today in Gan EdenParadise, but literally, “Garden of Eden”.”

21. Darkness over the land (vv 44-49) (Mt 27:45-56; Mk 15:33-41; Jn 19:28-30)

44It was now about the sixth hournoon, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hourabout 3:00 pm.[44] 45The sun was obscured,[45a] and the parokhetveil[45b] of the Temple was torn in two.[45c] 46Yeshua cried out loudly, “Father, into your hands I commit My spirit!” Having said this, He breathed His last.

47When the centurion saw what happened, he began to glorify God, saying, “Surely this man was a tzaddikrighteous person!” 48When all the crowds that had gathered to watch the execution saw what had happened, they returned home beating their breasts. 49All Yeshua’s friends, including the women who had come with Him from the GalilGalilee, stood at a distance, watching everything.

22. Yeshua buried (vv 50-56) (Mt 27:57-61; Mk 15:42-47; Jn 19:38-42)

The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem 50There was a man named YosefJoseph, a member of the Sanhedrin, a good man, a tzaddikrighteous person; 51he had not agreed with either the Sanhedrin’s plot or their actions. He was from RamatayimArimathaea, a town in Y'hudahJudea; he was also anticipating the Kingdom of God. 52He went to Pilate and asked for Yeshua’s body. 53He took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, and placed Him in a tomb that was cut into the rock; it had ever been used.

54It was Preparation Day, and Shabbat was about to begin. 55The women who had come with him from the GalilGalilee followed Yosef and saw the tomb and how his body had been placed in it. 56They went home to prepare spices and ointments. On Sabbat they rested in obedience commandment.[56]

Chapter 24

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19. In today’s terminology he would be called a “domestic terrorist.” [RETURN]

22. The “punishment” he had in mind was very probably a Roman scourging. [RETURN]

30. Hosea 10:8 [RETURN]

31. This probably an a fortiori proverb. If the Romans condemned to death someone they had proven to be innocent, how would they deal in the future with those who were actually found guilty? [RETURN]

38a. It was Roman tradition to write on a wooden plank the charges against the person being executed. The charges were written in Latin (the language of Rome), Greek (the common language of most of the world), and the language of the local population (in this case, Hebrew). That plaque was then nailed to the stauros for all to read. John tells us that the religious leaders were enfuriated by the sign. Here’s why. [RETURN]

38b. John 19:21 tells us that the Chief Priests were upset at the wording of the sign that Pilate had written announcing the crime for which Yeshua was being executed, but he gives no explanation. If we had the original Hebrew manuscript that Yochanan wrote, the reason would be likely be rather obvious. Some claim that Pilot put one over on the Chief Priests when he had the sign written. If Pilot had it written as “Yeshua the Nazarine and King of the Jews” it would look like this: ישוע הנצרי ומלך היהודים. In Hebrew it would read [y]Yeshua [h]HaNazri [w]V'Melekh [h]HaY'hudim, or יְהוָה֒ (YHVH), the covenant name of HaShem. (The English letters “V” and “W” are both the equivalent of the Hebrew letter vav, ו.) [RETURN]

44. 3:00 pm, the time of the daily Evening Sacrifice in the Temple, and the time for the sacrifice of the Pascal Lamb. Yeshua breathed His last at the exact moment the Passover Lamb was being sacrificed. [RETURN]

45a. Critics of the Bible claim that this was a simple solar eclipse. However, a solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes directly between the sun and Earth and its shadow falls upon Earth’s surface. This can only take place at the new moon phase. Yeshua was executed on Passover, the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Nisan, 14 days after the new moon; that is, during the full moon. A solar eclipse during full moon is impossible. [RETURN]

45b. Hebrew tkrp, poreketh, curtain or veil. There were two curtains in the Temple, one of them at the entrance to the Temple separated the Holy Place from the outer court, the other veiled the Holy of Holies from the Holy Place. (Exodus 26:31-33) These curtains were woven with motifs directly from the loom, rather than embroidered, and each curtain had the thickness of a handbreadth (ca. 9 cm or 3.5 in.). [Midrash HaGadol on Exodus 26:31; Babylonian Talmud (Yoma 72b)9] [RETURN]

45c. In Jewish tradition, when a loved one dies, his friends and relatives grasp the lapels of their garments and rip them top to bottom. HaShem, in His grief over the death of His Son, tore his “garment” from top to bottom. [RETURN]

56. Exodus 20:8-11 [RETURN]

Originally posted on Friday, 17 July 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!