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(Isaiah 2:3)

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Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Mordichai:
Mashiach, the Servant of God


[Dates are from The Chronological Gospels ©1969 by Michael John Rood]

Introductory Notes and Comments

Author: Yochanan Marcus (aka Mordicai)
Theme: Yeshua is the Servant of Isaiah 53
Date of Writing: approximately 68 CE
Target Audience: Messianic Believers in Rome

The author of this Gospel account is commonly known as Mark, or John Mark. He was a native of Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Miryam (Acts 12:12), but his father is unknown to us. Interestingly enough, in the first century Yochanan (John) was the most common Hebrew name and Marcus (Mark) was the most common Greek name. It was not at all uncommon for people to have both a Greek and Hebrew name, as Rav Sha'ul was also called Paul. The Hebrew equivalent of Marcus is Mordichai, and so I identify him.

He is not named in the Gospel accounts, but he appears in Luke’s second letter, known to us as the Book of Acts, or the Acts of the Apostles. Here we are told that, with his cousin Barnabas, he accompanied Rav Sha'ul (Paul) on the first missionary journey as far as Perga where, for reasons we are not told, he turned back and returned home (Acts 13:13). Rejected by Rav Sha'ul, presumably because Sha'ul felt that he was “a quitter,” he later went with his cousin Barnabas to Cyprus Acts 15:38-40). During Rav Sha'ul's later years, however, Mordichai was his companion (Col 4:10; Phm 1:24) and was sent for by Rav Sha'ul shortly before the Apostle's execution (2Tim 4:11). Kefa (Peter) referred to him as “my son” (1Pet 5:13), thus tradition holds that he was a disciple of Kefa, and from the early days of church history, Mordichai's view of Yeshua has been thought to reflect Kefa’s view of Yeshua. In fact, Kefa’s Gospel account may well have been a source document for Mordichai’s account.

Although it is the briefest of the Gospel accounts, Mordichai’s narrative is often more vivid and detailed than parallel accounts in Matthew and Luke; e.g., the account of the demoniac in Gerasa (Mk 5:2-30). Apparently written for a primarily Roman audience, Mordichai presents Yeshua as the Servant of the Lord,  sent to accomplish a specific work for God. It is therefore a story of deeds more than words, as evidenced by his frequent use of the words “straightaway” and “immediately”[1] and his emotionally-charged narrative that the Romans were so fond of reading. We have no extant manuscripts of his original Hebrew letter, but when reading this in Koine Greek, the entire letter is written almost as one continuous sentence, as if he really hated to stop the narrative to take a breath. To his original readers, this letter must have held all the excitement of a Tom Clancy novel. Thus it contains no long discourses and few parables.

As the Servant of the Lord, Yeshua fulfills such Messianic prophecies as Isa 42:1-21; Isa 49:1-7; Isa 50:4-11; Isa 52:12-53:12; Zech 3:8. Because He is represented as a servant, no genealogies are required. An unusual number of passages provide us with insight into His feelings (e.g., Mk 3:5; Mk 7:34; Mk 10:21). Although depicted as a servant, the strong emphasis upon His miracles points to His power as the Son of God.

Chapter 1

Outline

I. The Beginnings of Yeshua’s Ministry (1:1-13)

A. His Forerunner (1:1-8; Mt 3:1-12; Lk 3:1-18)

B. His Immersion (1:9-11; Mt 3:13-17; Lk 3:21-22)

C. His Temptation (1:12-13; Mt 4:1-11; Lk 41-13)

II. Yeshua’s Ministry in the GalilGalilee (1:14-6:29)

A. Early Galilean Ministry (1:14-3:12)

1. Call of the first talmidimdisciples (1:14-20; Mt 4:12-22; Lk 4:14-31a)

2. Miracles in K'far-NachumCapernaum (1:21-34)

a. Demoniac in Capernaum Synagogue (1:21-28; Lk 4:31-37)

b. Kefa’s mother-in-law healed (1:29-31; Mt 8:14-15; Lk 4:38-39)

c. Many healed that evening (1:32-34; Mt 8:16-17; Lk 4:40-41)

3. Teaching and healing in the GalilGalilee (1:35-45)

a. Departure from Kfar Nachum (1:35-38; Lk 4:42-43)

b. Yeshua Teaches in the Synagogues of Galilee (1:39; Mt 4:23-25; Lk 4:44)

c. Yeshua heals a leper; withdraws for prayer (1:40-45; Mt 8:2-4; Lk 5:12-16)

4. Ministry around Kinneret (2:1-22)

a. A paralytic healed (2:1-13; Mt 9:2-9a; Lk 5:17-26)

b. Matthew (Levi) called to be a disciple (2:14-22; Mt 9:9b-14; Lk 5:27-39)

5. Sabbath controversy (2:23-3:12)

a. Talmidim pick grain on the Sabbath (2:23-28; Mt 12:1-8; Lk 6:1-5)

b. Man’s hand healed on the Sabbath (3:1-6; Mt 12:9-14; Lk 6:6-11)

c. Strategic withdrawal to the sea; heals many (3:7-12; Mt 12:15-21)

B. Later Galilean Ministry (3:13-6:29)

1. Choosing the 12 Apostles (3:13-19a; Lk 6:12-16)

2. His friends consider His sanity (3:19b-21)

3. Teachings in K'far-NachumCapernaum (3:20-35)

a. Pharisees rebuked (3:22-30; Mt 12:24-37)

b. Yeshua’s family seeks Him (3:31-35; Mt 12:46-50; Lk 8:19-21)

4. Parables of the kingdom (4:1-34)

a. Parables by the Sea (4:1-9; Mt 13:1-9; Lk 8:4-8)

b. Parable of the Sower Explained (4:10-25; Mt 13:10-23; Lk 8:9-18)

c. More Parables Near His Home (4:26-34; Mt 13:24-53)

d. Yeshua Returns to Kfar Nachum (4:35)

5. Calming Lake Kinneretthe sea of Galilee (4:36-41); Mt 8:18-27; Lk 8:22-25)

6. Healing a demon-possessed man (5:1-20; Mt 8:28-34; Lk 8:26-39)

7. Yeshua sails back to Kfar-Nachum (5:21; Mt 9:1; Lk 8:40)

8. More Galilean miracles (5:22-43)

a. Jairus asks Yeshua to heal his daughter (5:22-23; Mt 9:18-19; Lk 41-42a)

b. Ill woman is healed by touching Yeshua (5:24-34; Mt 9:20-22; Lk 8:42b-48)

c. Daughter’s death is reported to Jairus (5:35-36; Lk 8:49-50)

d. Yeshua raises Jairus’ daughter to life (5:37-43; Mt 9:23-26; Lk 8:51-56)

9. Unbelief in Yeshua’s hometown (6:1-6a; Mt 13:54-58)

10. Yeshua teaches in many synagogues (6:6b; Mt 13:54-58)

11. Six apostolic teams Teach and heal in the GalilGalilee (6:7-13; Mt 10:1-11:1; Lk 9:1-6)

12. King Herod’s reaction to Yeshua’s ministry (6:14-16; Mt 14:1-2; Lk 9:7-9)

13. Details of Yochanan’s execution (6:17-29; Mt 14:3-12)

III. Strategic Withdrawals from the GalilGalilee (6:30-9:29)

A. To the Eastern Shore of the Lake Kinneretthe Sea of Galilee (6:30-52)

1. The 12 return and they withdraw (6:30-31; Lk 9:10a)

2. Yeshua feeds 5,000 (6:32-44; Mt 14:13-21; Lk 9:10b-17; Jn 6:1-15)

3. Yeshua prays alone (6:45-57; Mt 14:22-23; Jn 6:15)

4. Yeshua Walks on Water (6:48-52; Mt 14:24-27; Jn 6:16-21)

B. To the Western Shore of the Lake (6:53-7:23)

1. Healings in Gennesaret (6:53-56; Mt 14:34-36; Jn 6:22-24)

2. Traditions of Men (Takanot) Rebuked (7:1-16; Mt 15:1-11)

3. Parable Explained in Private (7:17-23; Mt 15:12-20)

C. To Syrian Phoenicia; Gentile Woman's Faith (7:24-30; Mt 15:21-28)

D. To the Region of the Decapolis (7:31-8:9)

1. Yeshua Heals a Deaf Man (7:31-37)

2. Yeshua Feeds 4,000 (8:1-9; Mt 15:32-38)

E. To the Vicinity of Caesarea Philippi (8:10-30)

1. Pharisees and Sadducees Confront Yeshua (8:10-13; Mt 15:39-16:4)

2. Leaven of the Pharisees (8:14-21; Mt 16:5-12)

3. Blind man cured in Bethsaida (8:22-26)

4. Kefa confesses that Yeshua is the Messiah (8:27-30; Mt 16:13-20)

F. To the Mount of Transfiguration (8:31-9:29)

1. Yeshua Rebukes Kefa (8:31-9:1; Mt 16:21-29; Lk 9:18-27)

2. The Transfiguration (9:2-10; Mt 17:1-9; Lk 9 28-36)

3. Elijah discussed while descending (9:11-13; Mt 17:10-13)

4. Demon is cast out of a boy (9:14-27; Mt 17:14-18; Lk 9:37-43a)

5. Talmidim ask about the miracle (9:28-29; Mt 17:19-21)

IV. Final Ministry in the GalilGalilee (9:30-50)

A. Yeshua discusses his death and Resurrection (9:30-32; Mt 17:22-23; Lk 9:43b-45)

B. Teaching in Kfar-Nachum

1. Talmidim argue about who is the greatest (9:33-37; Mt 18:1-6; Lk 8:46-48)

2. Yochanan’s zeal without understanding (9:38-41; Lk 9:49-50)

3. Warnings About Stumbling Blocks (9:42-50; Mt 18:7-11)

V. Yeshua’s Ministry in Judea and Perea (ch. 10)

A. Teaching concerning Divorce (10:1-12; Mt 19:1-12)

B. Teaching concerning Children (10:13-16; Mt 19:13-15; Lk 18:15-17)

C. The Rich Young Man (10:17-31; Mt 19:16-30; Lk 18:18-30)

D. Yeshua predicts His death on road to Jerusalem (10:32-34; Mt 20:17-19; Lk 18:31-34)

E. A Request of Two Brothers (10:35-41; Mt 20:20-24)

F. Relationship Between Talmidim (10:42-45; Mt 20:25-28)

G. Departure From Yericho (10:46a; Mt 20:29; Lk 19:28)

H. A blind man healed near Yericho (10:46b-52; Mt 20:30-34; Lk 18:35-43)

VI. Yeshua’s Final Week (chs. 11-15)

A. The Triumphal Entry (11:1-11)

1. Yeshua Ascends Toward Jerusalem (11:1a; Mt 21:1a; Lk 19:29; Jn 12:1)

2. Two Talmidim Get a Colt (11:1b-6; Mt 21:1b-7a; Lk 19:30-34)

4. Triumphal entry into Jerusalem (11:7-11; Mt 21:7-11; Mt 21:15-16; Lk 19 35-38; Jn 12:12-18)

B. The Clearing of the Temple (11:11-19)

1. Yeshua Goes to Bethany for the Night (v 11; Mt 21:17)

2. Yeshua Curses a Fig Tree (11:12-15a; Mt 21:18-10a)

3.The 2nd Temple Cleansing (11:15b-17; Mt 21:12-13; Lk 19:45-46)

4. Yeshua Heals Many in the Temple (Mt 21:14)

5. Jewish Leaders Seek to Destroy Yeshua (11:18; Mt 21:15-16; Lk 19:47-48)

6. Yeshua returns to Bethany (11:19; Mt 21:17)

7. Miryam Anoints Yeshua in Simon’s House (14:3-9; Mt 26:6-13; Jn 12:2-8)

D. Teaching in the Temple (11:20-12:2)

1. The Withered Fig Tree (Next Morning) (11:20-26; Mt 21:19b-22)

2. Authority Challenged in the Temple (11:27-33; Mt 21:12-27; Lk 20:1-8)

3. Parable of the Vine Growers (12:1-2; Mt 21:33-46; Lk 20:9-19)

E. Inspection of the Paschal Lamb (12:13-34)

1. By the Pharisees and Herodians (12:13-17; Mt 22:15-22; Lk 20:20-26)

2. By the Sadducees (12:18-27; Mt 22:23-33; Lk 20:40)

3. By the Torah-Teachers (12:28-34; Mt 22:34-40; Lk 20:41-44)

F. Yeshua Inspects the Religious Establishment (12:35-44)

1. He Inspects the Religious Leaders (12:35-37a; Mt 22:41-46; Lk 20:41-44)

2. Warnings About the Scribes and Pharisees (12:37b-40; Lk 20:45-47)

3. He Inspects the Treasury (12:41-44; Lk 21:1-4)

G. Signs of the End of the Age (ch. 13)

1. Yeshua Prophesies the Destruction of the Temple (13:1-2; Mt 24:1-2; Lk 21:5-6)

2. Yeshua Prophesies the End of the Age (13:3-37)

a. Do Not be Deceived (13:3-13; Mt 24:3-14a; Lk 21:7-19)

b. The “Abomination of Desolation” (13:14-27; Mt 24:14b-31; Lk 21:20-28)

c. The Fig Tree (13:28-33; Mt 24:32-44; Lk 21:29-33)

d. Faithful Servants (13:34-37; Mt 24:45-51; Lk 21:34-36)

H. The Anointing of Yeshua (14:1-11)

1.  The Plot to Kill Yeshua (14:1-2; Mt 26:1-5; Lk 22:1-2)

2. Y'hudah Bargains to Betray Yeshua (14:10-11; Mt 26:14-16; Lk 22:3-6)

3. Kefa & Yochanan Sent to Prepare for Passover (14:12-16; Mt 26:17-19; Lk 22:7-13)

I. The Last Meal Before Pesach (14:12-26)

1. Fellowship in an Upper Room (14:17; Mt  26: 20; Lk 22:14-16; Jn 13:1)

2. Kadish Celebrated (14:22-25; Mt 26:26-29; Lk 22:17-20; 1Cor 11:23-29)

3. Yeshua Predicts His Betrayal (14:18-21; Mt 26:21-25; Lk 22:21-23; Jn 13:21-26)

4. They return to the Mount of Olives (14:26; Mt 36:30; Lk 22:39; Jn 14:31b) 

J. The Arrest, Trial and Death of Jesus (14:27-15:47)

1. On the Way to Gethsemane (14:27-28; Mt 26:31-32)

2. Yeshua Again Predicts Kefa’s Denial (14:29-31; Mt 26:33-35)

3. They Enter Gethsemane (14:32; Mt 26:36)

4. Yeshua Prays in the Garden (14:32-42; Mt 26:36-46; Lk 22:40-46; Jn 18:2)

5. The Mob Comes to Arrest Yeshua (14:43; Mk 26:47; Jn 18:2-3)

6. Y'hudah Betrays Yeshua with a Kiss (14:44-45; Mt 26:48-50; Lk 22:47-48)

7. Kefa Severs Malchus’ Ear (14:46-47; Mt 26:50-54; Lk 22:49-50; Jn 18:10-11)

8. Yeshua is Arrested; the Talmidim Flee (14:48-52; Mt 25:55-56; Lk 22:52-54; Jn 18:2)

9. Yeshua is taken to Annas (Jn 18:13-14)

10. Yeshua lead to Caiaphas (14:53-64; Mt 26:57-66; Lk 22:54; Jn 18:24)

11. Kefa’s 1st Denial - Door-keeping Girl (14:66-68; Mt 26:69-70; Lk 22:55-57; Jn 18:15-18)

12. Kefa’s 2nd Denial - By the Fire (14:69-70a; Mt 26:71-72; Lk 22:58; Jn 18:25)

13. Annas Interrogates Yeshua (Jn 18:19-23)

14. Kefa’s 3rd Denial - Relative of Malchus (14:70b-72; Mt 26:73-75; Lk 22:59-62; Jn 18:26-27)

15. Guards Beat Yeshua (14:65; Mt 26:67-68; Lk 22:63-65)

16. Yeshua Brought Before Sanhedrin (15:1a; Mt 27:1; Lk 22:66-71)

17. Yeshua Bound and Brought to Pilate (15:1b; Mt 27:2; Lk 23:1-2; Jn 18:28-32)

18. Pilate Questions Yeshua (15:2; Mt 27:11; Lk 23:3; Jn 18:33-38)

19. More False Accusations Brought (15:3-5; Mt 27:12-14)

20. Pilate releases Barabbas (15:6-15a; Mt 27:15-26a; Lk 23:16-25a; Jn 18:39-40)

21. Pilate Has Yeshua Scourged (15:15b; Mt 27:26b; Jn 19:1)

22. Pilate’s Soldiers Beat and Mock Yeshua (15:16-19; Mt 27:27-30; Jn 19:2-3)

23. Simon of Cyrene Bears the Cross (15:20-21; Mt 27:31-32; Lk 23:26)

24. Yeshua is Brought to Golgotha, Offered Pain Killer (15:22-23; Mt 27 33-34; Lk 23:32-33; Jn 19:17b)

25. He is crucified at the 3rd Hour (15:24-28; Mt 27:35-38; Lk 23:32-34;38; Jn 19:18-24)

26. Multitudes Mock Yeshua (15:29-31; Mt 27:39-43; Lk 23:35-37)

27. Criminals Mock Yeshua (15:32; Mt 27:44)

28. Darkness from 6th to 9th Hour (15:33; Mt 27:45; Lk 23:44-45a)

29. “Eloi, Eloi, Lamma, Sabachthani” (15:34-35; Mt 27:46-47)

30. Yeshua Offered Sour Wine (15:36; Mt 27:47-49)

31. “It is finished.” (15:37; Mt 27:50; Lk 23:46; Jn 19:30)

32. Temple Veil Torn from Top to Bottom (15:38; Mt 27:51; Lk 23:45)

33. Graves of “Firstfruits” opened (“Marked for resurrection” three days later) (15:38-41; Mt 27:52-56; Lk 23:45b,47-49)

34. Yosef Requests Body from Pilate (15:42-43; Mt 27:57-58; Lk 23:50-52; Jn 19:38)

35. Centurion Reports that Yeshua is Dead; Yosef Takes His Body (15:44-45)

36. Body Placed in a New Garden Tomb; Two Miryams Watch the Burial (15:46-47; Mt 27:69-61; Lk 23:53-55)

VII. Yeshua’s Resurrection (ch. 16)

A. Two Miryam’s Prepare Spices then Rest on Shabbat (16:1; Lk 23:56)

B. Miryam of Magdala Meets the Risen Mashiach (16:9; Jn 20:11-17)

C. Miryam tells the Other Disciples (16:10-11; Jn 20:18)

D. The Other Women Bring Spices to Tomb at Dawn (16:2-8; Mt 28:1,5-8; Lk 24:1-8)

E. Yeshua meets 2 on road to Emmaus (16:12-13; Lk 24:13-35; 1Cor 15:5)

F. Yeshua Appears to Talmidim Without Thomas (16:14; Lk 24:36-44; Jn 20:19-24)

G. Yeshua is Received into Heaven (16:15-19; Lk 24:50-51; Acts 1:3)

H. Mark's Summary of the Book of Acts (16:20)

 

Chapter 1

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  1. These words occur more than 40 times in the Greek text. In my paraphrase I often use a different word just to make the text flow more evenly. [RETURN]

Originally posted on  Monday, 03 May 2021

Page last updated on Friday, 28 May 2021 07:02 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!