The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Mashiach, the Servant of God

[Dates are from The Chronological Gospels ©1969 by Michael John Rood]

[The events in Mordichai’s Gospel account are not presented in
chronological order. The dates I have added are approximate
and are based on a one-year ministry. (per Luke 4:19)]

~ 1 ~

I. The Beginnings of Yeshua’s Ministry (1:1-13)

A. His Forerunner (1:1-8; Mt 3:1-12; Lk 3:1-18)

1This is the beginning of the Good News of Yeshua HaMashiachthe Messiah[1], the Son of God. 2As it is written in Yesha'yahuIsaiah the Prophet,

Hinne,[GN] I send my messenger ahead of You,
who will prepare Your way.[2]
3The voice of one calling in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way of ADONAI!
Make His paths straight!’”[3]

[Jordan River near Aenon, Winter, 26-27 CE]

4YochananJohn came immersing[4a] in the wilderness, proclaiming an immersion that was one of repentance for forgiveness of sins.[4b] 5People were coming to him from all over the area of Y'hudahJudea and YerushalayimJerusalem. Confessing their sins, they were immersing themselves under his supervision in the YardanJordan River.[MAP] 6Yochanan’s clothing was made of camel’s hair and he wore a leather belt around his waist. He ate locusts and wild honey. 7He was proclaiming, “After me comes He Who is mightier than I am, the straps of Whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and loosen. 8I immersed you in water, but He will immerse you with Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit.”

B. His Immersion (1:9-11; Mt 3:13-17; Lk 3:21-22)

[Jordan River near Aenon, February 27 CE]

9At that time Yeshua came from NatzaretNazareth[MAP] in the GalilGalilee, and was immersed by Yochanan in the Yardan. 10Immediately[10] as He was coming up from the water, He saw the heavens parting, and the RuachSpirit descending upon Him in the form of a dove. 11A voice came from heaven, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”

C. His Temptation (1:12-13; Mt 4:1-11; Lk 4:1-13)

[The Arabah, February-March 27 CE]

12Immediately the Ruach drove Him out into the wilderness.[MAP] 13He was there in the wilderness forty days being tempted by HaSatanthe Accuser.[13] He was with the wild animals; and the angels were serving Him.

II. Yeshua’s Ministry in the GalilGalilee (1:14-6:29)

A. Early Galilean Ministry (1:14-3:12)

1. Call of the first talmidimdisciples (1:14-20; Mt 4:12-22; Lk 4:14-31a)

14Now after Yochanan was arrested, Yeshua came into the Galil,[MAP] proclaiming the Good News[GN] of the Kingdom of God,[14] 15and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God[GN] is at hand![GN] Repent, and believe in the Good News.

[Near Capernaum, c. June 27 CE]

16Passing along by Lake Kinneretthe sea of Galilee,[MAP] He saw Shim'onSimon and his brother AndreasAndrew casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 17Yeshua said to them, “Come, follow Me, and I will make you into fishers of men.

18Immediately they left their nets, and followed Him.[18] 19Going on a little further from there, he saw Ya'akovJacob, mistranslated as “James”[19] Ben-Zavdaison of Zebedee, and Yochanan, his brother, who were also in the boat mending the nets. 20Immediately He called them, and they left their father, ZavdaiZebedee, in the boat with his employees, and followed Him.

2. Miracles in K'far-NachumCapernaum (1:21-34)

a. Demoniac in Capernaum Synagogue (1:21-28; Lk 4:31-37)

[Capernaum Synagogue c. Shabbart, 14 June 27 CE]

 21They went to K'far-NachumCapernaum,[MAP] and as soon as Shabbatthe Sabbath day began[21] He entered into the synagogue and began to teach. 22They were astonished at His teaching, because He taught them as one having authority, and not as the SofrimScribes, Torah-teachers do.[22] 23Just then there was a man with an unclean spirit in their synagogue who cried out, 24“Ha! What business do we have with You, Yeshua, you NatzriNazarene, someone from Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know you who You are: the Holy One of God!”[GN]

25Yeshua rebuked him, saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!

26The unclean spirit convulsed the man, shouted loudly, and came out of him. 27They were all amazed and began asking each other, “What is this? A new teaching? For with authority He commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey Him!” 28News about Him spread quickly throughout the entire region of the GalilGalilee.

b. Kefa’s mother-in-law healed (1:29-31; Mt 8:14-15; Lk 4:38-39)

29As soon as they had left the synagogue, they went into the home of Shim`onSimon and AndreasAndrew, with Ya'akovJacob, mistranslated as “James” and Yochanan. 30Now Shim`onSimon’s mother-in-law was sick with a fever, and right away they told Him about her. 31He went and took her by the hand, and helped her up. The fever left her, and she began to serve them.

c. Many healed that evening (1:32-34; Mt 8:16-17; Lk 4:40-41)

 32That evening when the sun had set, they brought to Him everyone who was sick, including those who were possessed by demons. 33The whole town had gathered together at the door. 34He healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons. But He didn’t allow the demons to speak, because they knew Him.

3. Teaching and healing in the GalilGalilee (1:35-45)

a. Departure from Kfar-Nachum (1:35-38; Lk 4:42-43)

35Early in the morning, while it was still dark, He got up and went out, made His way to a secluded place, and was praying there. 36Shim'onSimon and his companions went to look for Him. 37When they found Him, they told him, “Everyone is looking for You.”

38But He answered them, “Let’s go to the neighboring villages so that I may teach[38] there too, because that's what I came to do.

b. Yeshua teaches in the Synagogues of Galilee (1:39; Mt 4:23-25; Lk 4:44)

39So He went throughout all the GalilGalilee, teaching in their synagogues and casting out demons.

c. Yeshua heals a leper; withdraws for prayer (1:40-45; Mt 8:2-4; Lk 5:12-16)

[Somewhere in the Galilee Region, c. June-July 27 CE]

40A leper[GN] came to Him, begging Him on his knees, “If You want to, You can make me clean.”

41Moved with compassion, Yeshua reached out His hand and touched the man,[41] and told him, “I want to. Be clean.42Immediately the leprosy left the man, and he was cleansed.[42] 43Yeshua promptly sent him away, sternly warning him, 44See that you say nothing to anyone. But go show yourself to the priest and present the offering that Moshe commanded for your cleansing, as a testimony to them.

45But the went out and began to openly proclaim and spread the news. As a result, Yeshua could no longer openly enter into a city, but he stayed out in solitary places. Yet still they came to Him from everywhere.

Chapter 2


  1. Mashiach (Hebrew מָשִׁ֖יחַ) and Christos (Greek Χριστός) both mean “Anointed One.” Israel anointed three classes of men: prophets, priests, and kings. Yeshua fills all three roles, and He is therefore The Anointed One. The prefix “ha” is the Hebrew definite article “the.” [RETURN]

  2. Malachi 3:1. [RETURN]

  3. Isaiah 40:3. [RETURN]

4a. Yochanan’s immersing was nothing at all new. Ever since the Torah was given well over 3,000 years ago, the Jewish people have always practiced a great number of different types of immersion, but all of these immersions involved a total submersion. Pots, pans, and other kitchen utensils were “immersed” in water to clean them. When people are immersed for “ceremonial” or purification purposes, the immersion involves a total submersion of one’s self in a stream, river, or lake, or in a specially-constructed pool called a mikvah, that is filled with “living water,” water that flows freely through the mikvah from a free-flowing stream. The individual immerses him/her self; he/she is not immersed by another person, so every representation you see of Yohanan pouring water on top of the head of a person, or of lowering a person into the water is incorrect. Likewise, Christian “baptism” of a person by another, even baptism by immersion, while certainly filled with spiritual meaning, simply does not follow the pattern of the Gospels and Acts.

The Cohens (priests) and Levites immersed themselves at their ordination, at the beginning of each day of their Temple service, and often several times during each day of service. Every person who entered the Temple environs immersed themself before entering, and women immerse themselves following their menses and after the delivery of a child. Goyim (Gentiles) who “convert” to Judaism immerse themselves as part of that process. The Torah requires immersion following any form of “contamination” by coming into contact with any “unclean” person, animal, or object. So, no, immersion is not something that was invented by the Baptists.

On some occasions, such as part of the “conversion” process, a rabbi officially witnesses the immersion. If the person immersing is female, it will be witnessed by the rabbitzin (rabbi’s wife). When Yochanan, Yeshua, or one of the Shliachim (Apostles) is spoken of as immersing someone, that means he witnessed the person’s self-immersion, not that he performed the immersion on the person.

CLICK HERE for a four-part lesson series on baptism in the Holy Community. [RETURN]

4b. It is important to avoid the doctrinal error that arises from parsing this sentence incorrectly. The immersion (baptism) that Yochanan was proclaiming was specifically an “immersion of repentance.” Repentance is the turning away from sin — which is defined in both the Torah and the Apostolic Writings as any violation of Torah — and a return to obedience to Torah. It is the repentance, not the immersion, that provides forgiveness of sins. [RETURN]

10. Mordichai’s letter was apparently written for a primarily Roman audience, as evidenced by his frequent use of the word “immediately” and his emotionally-charged narrative that the Romans were so fond of reading. We have no extant manuscripts of his original Hebrew letter, but when reading this in Koine Greek, the entire letter is written almost as one continuous sentence, as if he really hated to stop the narrative to take a breath. To his original readers, this letter must have held all the excitement of a Tom Clancy novel. [RETURN]

12. HaSatan [הַשָּׂטָ֛ן] is Hebrew for “the adversary.” “Adversary” is his title, not his name. He was originally known as Lucifer (Light-Bringer), which is probably another title, not a name. He is the father of lies, the prince of this world, the author and originator of all evil in the universe. Satan wages war against us and without controversy he is public enemy number one. He goes by many titles, including: Abaddon (Rev. 9:11), accuser of the brethren (Rev. 12:10), adversary (1Pet. 5:8), angel of the bottomless pit (Rev. 9:11), Apollyon (Rev. 9:11), Beelzebub (Matt. 12:24), Belial (2Cor. 6:15), the devil (Matt. 4:1), enemy (Matt. 13:39), evil spirit (1Sam. 16:14), father of lies (John 8:44), god of this world (2Cor. 4:4), great red dragon (Rev. 12:3,9), king of Tyrus (Ezek. 28:12), liar (John 8:44), Lucifer (Isa. 14:12), old serpent (Rev. 12:9), power of darkness (Col. 1:13), prince of this world (John 12:31), prince of the devils (Matt. 12:24), prince of the power of the air (Eph. 2:2), truler of the darkness of this world (Eph. 6:12), Satan (1Chron. 21:1), serpent (Gen. 3:4), spirit that works in the children of disobedience (Eph. 2:2), tempter (Matt 12:43), wicked one (Matt 13:19,38), son of the morning (Isa. 14:12-14), murderer from the beginning (John 8:44). [RETURN]

14. The Kingdom of Heaven referred to by Mattityahu and the Kingdom of God spoken of by Marcus (Mark), Lucas (Luke), Yochanan (John), and Sha'ul (Paul) refer to exactly the same thing. Neither phrase has anything at all to do with the Christian notion of a celestial dwelling place for the righteous dead. [Please read this article.] The primary sense is the Messianic Kingdom, when King Yeshua HaMashiach reigns physically from the Throne of David in Jerusaem, which carries forward into the eternal Olam Habah. The secondary sense refers to any place and time when the rulership of HaShem is accepted.

One of the greatest tragedies of the last 2,000 years is that the Gentile Church has totally departed from the key message of Yochanan, Yeshua, and the Emissaries (Apostles): “Repent, for God’s Kingdom is very near!” This is mostly because they have lost track of the concept that for over 100 years after the resurrection, the Jewish sect called “The Way” was almost exclusively Jewish, and all the Apostolic letters were written in Hebrew, by Torah-observant Jewish rabbis, (except for Dr. Luke, who was probably not a rabbi) to an audience of both Jews and non-Jews who were thoroughly ensconced in a Torah-pursuant Jewish lifestyle, who met not in churches but in synagogues.

They do not understand that these people very carefully avoided speaking God’s name or even referring to Him directly. They developed what are called “circumlocutions,” using various words and phrases as an alternative to a direct reference to God. Among those circumlocutions include “heaven” and “throne.” So the phrase “Kingdom of Heaven” has absolutely nothing to do with a place where people vainly hope to spend eternity after they die. “Kingdom of Heaven” actually refers to the time and place to which all Israel was looking forward, during which God, through His Messiah, will rule and reign physically on earth, and the Torah will be the “law of the land” for the whole earth. By extension, God’s Kingdom is any time and place where He is honored and obeyed as King. If you accept the absolute rule of God over your life, then you are right now living in His Kingdom.

The simplistic message of the Gentile Church has for 1,700 years essentially been: walk down the church aisle; concede to the historical fact that Yeshua is the Son of God, the Messiah; get dunked in a heated bathtub or have some water splashed on your face; now you get to go to heaven when you die. Unfortunately there is absolutely no Scripture to support the idea of “going to heaven” when we die.

When properly understood, the True Gospel — the message of “the Kingdom of God” as taught by Yochanan, Yeshua, and the Emissaries — is to turn away from your sin — defined as disobedience to God’s Torah (1John 3:4) [“lawlessness” (NAS); breaking of law” (CSB); violation of Torah (CJB)] — submit to the Kingship of God and be restored to Him, obey His commandments as given in the Torah, and you will inherit eternal life in the Olam Habah (the world that is to come). [RETURN]

18. In Second Temple Period Israel children would be taught from the six broad subject areas into which the Mishna is divided, including: Zeraim (“Seeds”), dealing with agricultural laws and prayers; Moed (“Festival”), pertaining to the laws of the Shabbat and the Festivals; Nashim (“Women”), concerning marriage and divorce; Nezikin (“Damages”), dealing with civil and criminal law; Kodashim (“Holy things”), regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws; and Tohorot (“Purities”), pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of ritual purity for the priests (Kohenim), the laws of “family purity” (the menstrual laws). But education beyond these basics was available only to those who were fortunate enough to be hand-picked by a rabbi to become his talmidim (students). Yeshua had by this time become fairly well know as a rabbi, and for these young men it was a great honor to be selected to become his talmidim. [RETURN]

19a. Ya'akov. In the Greek text, this Hebrew name is transliterated as Ἰάκωβον (Iakōbon), and in the Hebrew Bible it is transliterated into English as Jacob. There is literally no excuse for translators of the Apostolic Writings to render this name as “James” except to flatter the King who paid for the 1611 translation. [RETURN]

19b. Six things you didn’t know about Yochanan [VIDEO]. [RETURN]

21. In Hebrew reckoning, the day begins and ends at sunset, not midnight. The Sabbath begins at sunset on Friday night and lasts until three stars can be seen on Saturday night, or about an hour after sunset. [RETURN]

22. The Torah teachers and rabbis of the day always taught by citing the teaching of other rabbis. For example, “Rabbi Gamli'el said in the name of Rabbi Hillel …” But Yeshua taught by His own authority. For example, “You have heard it said …, but I tell you …" [RETURN]

38. Here and elsewhere I have rendered the Greek word κηρύξω (kēryxō) as “teach” or “proclaim.” The word literally translates as closer to “preach” or “sermonize.” I have intentionally avoided using the word “preach” in my paraphrase because the modern trend is for most “preaching” to be less about teaching the Good News of the Kingdom and more about how I can use the Scriptures to make me feel better about myself or to make my life more comfortable. That kind of preaching is nothing at all like Yeshua's message, which consisted of variations on “Repent [turn away from your sin and return to God and His Torah], because the Kingdom of God is at hand!” or of explaining the Torah. [RETURN]

41. This was probably the very first human contact of any kind the man had felt in many years. [RETURN]

42. Not only was the man physically healed, he was made ceremonially “clean” so that he could once again participate in Temple worship, which had been denied him since his diagnosis. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 02 May 2021
Date/Place notes added Wednesday, 05 May 2021

Page last updated on Friday, 03 September 2021 03:41 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return