The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Mashiach, the Servant of God

[Dates are from The Chronological Gospels ©1969 by Michael John Rood]

~ 2 ~

4. Ministry around Kinneret (2:1-22)

a. A paralytic healed (2:1-13; Mt 9:2-9a; Lk 5:17-26)

[Capernaum, c. July CE]

1When He returned to K'far-NachumCapernaum[MAP] a few days later, word got out that He was in the house. 2Right away so many people were gathered there that there was no more room, not even outside the door; and He spoke the word[2] to them. 3Four people approached Him carrying a paralytic. 4When they could not get near Him because of the crowd, they removed the roof above where He was sitting. When they had made an opening, they lowered the mat that the paralytic was lying on. 5When Yeshua saw their faith, He said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.

6But there were some of the SofrimTorah-teachers sitting there, reasoning to themselves, 7“Why does this Man speak blasphemies like that? Who but God can forgive sins?”

8Immediately Yeshua knew in His spirit what they were thinking to themselves. He said to them, “Why are you thinking these things in your hearts? 9Which is easier, to tell the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven;’ or to say, ‘Get up, pick up your bed, and walk?’ 10But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins” — He said to the paralytic — 11I tell you, get up, pick up your mat, and go home.

12And he immediately got up, picked up the mat, and walked out in front of them all. As a result they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, “We have never seen anything like this!”

13Another time Yeshua went out to the seaside. All the people came to Him, and He taught them.

b. Matthew (Levi) called to be a disciple (2:14-22; Mt 9:9b-14; Lk 5:27-39)

 14As He was walking along He saw Levi Ben-Halfaison of Halfai (Alpheus), sitting at his tax booth, and said to him, “Follow me.” And Levi got up and followed Him.

15One time when Yeshua was reclining at dinner in Levi's house, many tax collectors and sinners[15] were reclining at the table with Him and His talmidimdisciples, for there were many of them who followed Him. 16When the SofrimTorah-teachers who were P'rushimPharisees saw Him was eating with sinners and tax collectors, they asked His talmidimdisciples, “Why is He eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners?”

17When Yeshua heard it, He said to them, “Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are sick. I  didn't come to call the righteous, but sinners.

18Now Yochanan’s talmidimdisciples and the P'rushimPharisees were often fasting, so they came and asked Yeshua, “Why do Yochanan’s talmidimdisciples and the talmidimdisciples of the P'rushimPharisees fast, but your talmidimdisciples don’t fast?”

19Yeshua said to them, “Can the groomsmen fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they can’t fast. 20But the time will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then will they fast in those days. 21No one sews a patch of unshrunk cloth onto an old garment, or else the patch shrinks and tears the old, and a worse tear is made. 22No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and the wine pours out, and the skins will be destroyed; but they put new wine into fresh wineskins.[22]

5. Sabbath controversy (2:23-3:12)

a. Talmidim pick grain on the Sabbath (2:23-28; Mt 12:1-8; Lk 6:1-5)

[Near Capernaum, Shabbat, c. 2 August 27 CE]

23One time He was going through the grain fields on Shabbatthe Sabbath, and His talmidimdisciples began to pluck the ears of grain as they went. 24The P'rushimPharisees said to Him, “Hinneh,[GN] why are doing what is unlawful on Shabbat?”[24]

25He said to them, “Did you never read what David did, when he had need, and was hungry — he, and those who were with him? 26How he entered into the house of God when Abiathar was high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful to eat except for the priests, and also gave some to those who were with him?27He said to them, “Shabbat was made for man, not man for Shabbat. 28Therefore the Son of Man is Lord even of Shabbat.[28]

Chapter 3


 2. "... spoke the word" = taught and interpreted Torah. [RETURN]

15. Anyone who didn't make a sincere attempt to live a Torah-based lifestyle was considered a "sinner." However, tax collectors were considered the worst sinners of all, since they collected taxes not for Israel, but for Rome, usually by extortion. Clearly this kind of person would only have "sinners" as his friends. [RETURN]

22. You can't pour new ideas into a mind that is stubbornly decided. If you want to keep your theology fresh, it is necessary to be open to new teaching when and where the Holy Spirit leads. [RETURN]

24. There was no violation of Torah here, only a violation of their Takanot, according to which they were harvesting (picking the grain), threshing (removing the hulls), and eating with "unwashed" hands, hands that hadn't been washed according to their complex ritual. [RETURN]

28. If Yeshua is Lord of the Sabbath day, then clearly the seventh-day Sabbath is the true "Lord's Day." [RETURN]

Originally posted on Monday, 03 May 2021
Place/Date notes added Wednesday, 05 May 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return