The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom According to
Mashiach, the Servant of God

[Dates are from The Chronological Gospels ©1969 by Michael John Rood]

~ 4 ~

[Near Capernaum, August 27 CE]

4. Parables of the kingdom (4:1-34)

a. Parables by the Sea (4:1-9; Mt 13:1-9; Lk 8:4-8)

1Once again Yeshua began to teach by the seaside, and such a large crowd was gathered around Him that He got into a boat and sat down in it. The whole crowd gathered along the shore. 2He taught them many things in parables, and in His teaching He said, 3Hinneh![GN] A farmer went out to sow his seed. 4As he was sowing, some seed fell along the path and the birds came and devoured it. 5Other seed fell on the rocky ground, where it had little soil. It quickly sprang up because the soil was shallow. 6When the sun came up, the sprouts were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. 7Other seed fell among the thorns, which grew up and choked the sprouts so they yielded no crop. 8Still other seed fell into good soil where it sprouted, grew up, and produced a crop; some produced thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times as much.9He said, “Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.

b. Parable of the Sower Explained (4:10-25; Mt 13:10-23; Lk 8:9-18)

10When he was alone with the twelve, those around Him asked about the parables. 11He answered them, “The the mystery of the Kingdom of God is given to you, but to those outside everything comes in parables, 12so that

‘they may look and look, yet not perceive;
   they may listen and listen, yet not understand;
otherwise they may turn back, [i.e., repent]
   and their sins might be forgiven.’[12]

13Then Yeshua said to them, “Don’t you understand this parable? Then how will you understand any of the parables? 14The farmer sows the word. 15The ones by the path are those where the word is sown: when they have heard, Satan immediately comes and takes away the word that has been sown in them. 16Others are those who are sown on the rocky ground: when they hear the word they immediately receive it with joy, 17but they have no root in themselves. They are short-lived. When oppression or persecution comes because of the word, they immediately stumble. 18Still others are those who are sown among the thorns. They have heard the word, 19but the worries of the age, the seduction of wealth, and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 20Those sown on good soil are those who hear the word, welcome it, and produce fruit, some thirty times, some sixty times, and some one hundred times.

21Then He told them, “Does anyone bring in a lamp just to put it under a basket or under a bed? Isn’t it put on a stand? 22For nothing is hidden except to be made revealed, and nothing hidden except to be brought to light. 23Those who have ears to hear with, let them hear!

24He went on to say, “Pay close attention to what you are hearing. With whatever measure you use it, it will be measured to you and more will be given to you. 25For whoever has will be given more, and whoever doesn’t have, even what he does have will be taken away from him.[25]

c. More Parables Near His Home (4:26-34; Mt 13:24-53)

26The Kingdom of God is like this,” He said. If a man scatters his seed on the ground, 27He goes to sleep and gets up — night and day. The seed sprouts and grows; he doesn’t know how. 28The earth produces crop by itself: first the blade, then the head, then the mature grain on the head. 29But as soon as the crop is ready, he immediately puts the sickle to it, because the harvest has come.

30He asked, “To what can we compare the Kingdom of God? Or what parable can we use to describe it? 31It’s like a single mustard seed that, when it is sown in the soil, is smaller than all the other seeds that are on the ground. 32Yet when it is sown, it grows up and becomes taller than all the herbs, and produces large branches, so that the birds of the sky can rest in its shade.

33He would speak to them with many parables like these, as they were able to understand. 34He didn’t tell them anything without using a parable, but He privately explained everything to His own talmidimdisciples.

d. Yeshua Returns to Kfar Nachum (4:35)

35That evening He said to his talmidim, “Let’s cross over to the other side.

5. Calming Lake Kinneretthe sea of Galilee (4:36-41); Mt 8:18-27; Lk 8:22-25)

36Having dismissed the crowd, they took Yeshua with them since He was already in the boat. And there were other boats with Him. 37A violent wind storm arose, and the waves were beating over the boat, so much so that the boat was being swamped. 38But Yeshua was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. So they woke Him up and said, “Rabbi, don’t you care that we’re going to die?”[38]

39Yeshua gor up, rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, “Peace! Be still!” The wind ceased, and there was a great calm. 40He said to them, ““Why are you so afraid? Do you still have no faith?

41They were terrified, and said to one another, “Who is this then? Even the wind and the sea obey him.”

Chapter 5


12. Isaiah 6:9-10. [RETURN]

25. Whatever truth you have been given, if you carefully and wisely apply and use that truth you will given more. But if you are wasteful and do not heed and use what truth you have been given, even that truth will be lost to you. So “be diligent to show yourself approved to God, a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.” (2Tim 2:15) [RETURN]

38. How interesting that the disciples thought God was going to allow His Son to drown. Apparently they hadn’t caught on yet. [RETURN]


Originally posted on Tuesday, 04 May 2021
Added outline and date/place notes on Wednesday, 05 May 2021

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return