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 The Center for
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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

~ 2 ~

3. The Visit of the Astronomers (2:1-12)

1Fourteen months[1a] after Yeshua was born in Beit-Lechem[1b] in the land of Y'hudahJudea, when Herod was king, astronomers[1c] from the East[1d] came to JerusalemYerushalayim, asking, 2“Where is the newborn King of the JewsY'hudim?[2a] For we in the east saw His star,[2b] and we have come to worship him.”

3When King Herod heard about them, he was enraged[3a], and so was everyone in Yerushalayim.[3b] 4Herod called together all the Kohenim GadolimChief Priests and Torah Teachers[4] of the people, and asked them where the MashiachMessiah would be born. 5They told him, “In Beit-LechemBethlehem in the land of Y'hudah, for this is what the prophet wrote:

6‘You Beit-Lechem, in the land of Y'hudah, are in no way least among the princes of Y'hudah. For out of you shall come forth a ruler, who shall shepherd my people, Yisra'el.’”[6]

7Then Herod summoned the astronomers to meet with him privately, asked them exactly when the star had appeared. 8Then he sent them to Beit-Lechem with these instructions: “Search diligently for the child. When you find Him, let me know so I may also go and worship Him.”

9After listening to the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen when they were in the East led them until it came and stood over where the young child was. 10When they saw the star, they were overjoyed. 11They went into the house[11a] and saw the young child with His mother Miryam, and they fell down and worshiped Him. Opening their treasures, they offered Him gifts: gold, frankincense, and myrrh.[11b] 12Having been warned in a dream that they shouldn’t return to Herod, they went back to their own country[12] another way.

4. The Flight into Egypt (2:13-14)

13After the astronomers had gone, an angel of ADONAI[13] appeared to Yosef in a dream and said, “Get up and take the young child and his mother, and escape to Egypt. Stay there until I tell you, because Herod will try to find the Child and kill Him.”

14So he got up and took the Child and His mother that night, and went to Egypt, 15and stayed there until Herod died. This was done so that the words of ADONAI’s prophet would be fulfilled: “Out of Egypt I called My Son.”[15]

5. Herod Slays the Innocents (2:16-18)
[See also note 35 on Matthew 23]

16When Herod realized that he had been tricked by the astronomers, he was furious, and sent out his army and killed all the male children aged two years aged two years and younger who were in and around Beit-Lechem, based on the timing he had learned from the astronomers. 17Then the words of JeremiahYirmeyahu were fulfilled:

18“A voice was heard in Ramah,[18a] howling, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children. She couldn’t be comforted, because they are all dead.”[18b]

The Protoevangelion of James 6:3-16
See note 35 on Matthew 23

3Elishava, hearing that her son Yochanan was about to be sought, took him and went up into the mountains, looking for a place to hide him. 4but there was no secret place to befound. 5Then she groaned within herself, and said. “Oh mountain of yhwh, receive the mother of this child,” 6for Elishava could not climb up. 7Immediately the mountain was divided and received them, 8and there appeared to them an angel of yhwh to preserve them. 9But Herod made search after Yochanan, and sent servants to Zecharyah when he was ministering at the altar, and said unto him, “Where have you hidden your son?” 10He replied to them, I am a minister of yhwh and I am serving at the altar. How should I know where my son is?” 11So the servants went back and told Herod everything.

Herod was incensed, and said, “is not this son of his likely to become king of Israel?” 12He sent his servants once again to speak to Zacharyah, “Tell the truth! Where is your son? Do you realize that your life is in my hands?” 13So the servants went and told him all these things. 14But Zecharyah replied to them, “I am a witness for the Almighty, and if Herod sheds my blood, God will receive my soul, 15and you will have shed innocent blood.” 16Nevertheless, Zecharyah was murdered between the altar and the entrance of the Temple. (See Matt 23:35)

6. The Return from Egypt to Nazareth (2:19-23; Luke 2:39-40 & Luke 2:41-52)

19After Herod’s death, an angel of ADONAI appeared in a dream to Yosef in Egypt, and said, 20“Get up and take the young Child and his mother, and go to the Land of IsraelEretz-Yisra'el. Those who wanted to kill the Child are dead.”

21He arose and took the young child and his mother, and came into Eretz-Yisra'el. 22But when he heard that Archelaus was reigning over Y'hudah in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to go there. Being warned in a dream, he withdrew into the region of the GalileeGalil, 23and came and lived in a city called NazarethNatzeret[23a] so what was spoken through the prophets would come to pass: “He will be called a NazareneNatzrati.”[23b]

Chapter 3


1a. The magi (mages, see note 1c) arrived in Beit-Lechem on Friday, 21 Kislev (December 19), 2 BCE, four days before Hanukkah, about fourteen months after Yeshua was born. This we know because Herod ordered that all the male children in Beit-Lechem who were two years old and younger were to be murdered. The Christian tradition that they were kings or that they were three in number has absolutely no possible support whatsoever from Scripture. Since there were three gifts named, it has always been assumed that there were three men; it has likewise been assumed since the gifts were very expensive the men must have been kings. Every “nativity” scene that you have ever seen that depicts three “kings” in a stable worshiping the baby in the manger is totally false! [RETURN]

1b. Beith-Lechem (~xl tyb), or Bethlehem, is Hebrew for “House of Bread.” What an appropriate birth place for the Bread of Life. [RETURN]

1c. Magi: the plural form of mage; from Greek magoß magos; the name given by the Babylonians (Chaldeans), Medes, Persians, and others, to the wise men, teachers, priests, physicians, astrologers, seers, interpreters of dreams, augers, soothsayers, sorcerers etc. Daniel was in charge of the magi while he was in Babylon. These the magi were very probably Jewish sages who had not returned from Babylon after the 40-year exile. They were astronomers who saw the unusual “star” (series of conjunctions, see note 2b) and interpreted them as the “sign” given in Numbers 24:17. [RETURN]

1d. The East: almost certainly Babylon (see previous note). [RETURN]

2a. King of the Y'hudim: Yeshua’s genealogy clearly demonstrates that He, not Herod, is the legitimate King of Israel. If you are a natural-born, biological descendant of Avraham, Yitzchak, and Ya'akov you are a citizen of the Commonwealth, and He is your king! If you are grafted into Israel through faith in Yeshua, you are a naturalized citizen of the Commonwealth of Israel, and He is your King! If He is your King, He is your sovereign ruler and you are His subject, and subject to (obligated to obey) His commandments — all of them! If He is not King over all, He is not your King at all, and you are not a Citizen of His Kingdom. But if we are subject to His kingship, we should do things the way He did them! [RETURN]

2b. Most translations say something like “we have seen his star in the East.” They didn’t see the star in their east. That would put the star somewhere over Afghanistan or even Pakistan! They saw the star in their west while they were in the East. Thus my less ambiguous rendering: “We in the east saw His star …” According to Michael Rood, there were seven astronomical conjunctions associated with the birth of Yeshua. On Thursday, September 12, 3 BCE, five minutes after sunset, the first sliver of the new moon appeared beneath the feet of the constellation Betula (Virgo, the Virgin). At the same time, in the constellatin Ariel (Leo, the Lion), just above her head, the planet HaTzedik (the Righteous, Jupiter) came into conjunction with the star HaMelekh (the King), between the feet of the Lion (the Lion of the Tribe of Judah). This was Yom Taruah (the Day of Trumpets). See Rev 12:1-2. Fifteen days later, on the first day of Sukkot, Yeshua was born in Beit-Lechem. [Source: Michael Rood, The Chronoligical Gospels, p. 51 and The Chronological Gospels video series, episode 8.] [RETURN]

3a. Herod had already murdered most of his own family because in his paranoid delusions he thought they were trying to take his throng. He certainly wasn’t going to let some upstart infant to get away with trying! [RETURN]

3b. To paraphrase the common saying, “When Herod ain’t happy, ain’t nobody happy!” [RETURN]

4. Hebrew ~yrpo, Sofarim: Scribes — Levites who were responsible for making copies of the scrolls of the Scriptures. The word comes from the same root word as the Hebrew term for “book.” They were considered to know the scriptures better than anyone else, primarily because they spent their entire lives making exact letter-for-letter copies of the Tanakh. Some versions translate Sofarim as “Scribes,” others as “Torah Teachers,” as I have done. [RETURN]

6. “But you, Beit-Lechem near Efrat, so small among the clans of Y'hudah, out of you will come forth to me the future ruler of Isra'el, whose origins are far in the past, back in ancient times.” (Micah 5:2 CJB). [RETURN]

11a. Yeshua’s family was not in the “stable” when the magi arrived, as promoted by Christian mythology. They arrived when He was almost two years old, and had moved into a house. See note 1a above. [RETURN]

11b. In the ancient Near- and Middle-East, gold was the standard gift to offer a king, frankincense was a standard gift to offer a god, and myrrh was a standard component in burial preparations. Prophetic? Because the magi offered three very expensive gifts, Christian mythology supposes that they were three kings. This assumption is totally non-Biblical! [RETURN]

12. Babylon. [RETURN]

13. Probably Gavri'el again. See the note on 1:20. [RETURN]

15. Hosea 11:1. [RETURN]

18a. Tradition places Rachel’s tomb about a mile north of Beit-Lechem, putting it about three miles south of Jerusalem. But comparing 1 Sam 7:17; 1Sam 8:4, and 1Sam 10:2 suggests very strongly that she is actually buried just outside of Ramah, about seven or eight miles north of Jerusalem. Apparently Yirmeyahu is saying that from her grave near Ramah, Rachel is weeping for her infant descendants who were slaughtered eleven miles away in Ramah. [RETURN]

18b. Jeremiah 31:15. [RETURN]

23a. Nazareth; literally in Hebrew, “Branch town,” so named because its founders were all descendants of King David [RETURN]

23b. Nazarene, from branch. There is a very interesting play on words going on here in the original Hebrew. One of Isaiah’s prophecies concerning the Messiah says, “Then a shoot (rtx, khoter, a branch, twig, rod ) will grow from the stump of Jesse, and a branch (rcn, netser, sprout, shoot, branch — always fig. The fig tree is a Biblical type for Israel) from his roots will bear fruit” (Isaiah 11:1, HCSB). So Mattityahu tells us that Messiah, “the Branch” from the root of Jesse, grew up in “Branchtown.” [RETURN]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 13 May 2020
Revised on Wednesday, 04 November 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 July 2022 09:31 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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