> My Commentary
 The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 4 ~

3. Yeshua’s Testing and Triumph (4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13)

1Then the SpiritRuach led Yeshua up into the wilderness[1a] to be tempted by the devil.[1b] 2After Yeshua had fasted for forty days and forty nights, He was hungry.[2] 3The tempter[3a] came and said to him, “Since[3b] you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”

4But Yeshua answered, “The Tanakh says,

Man does not live on only bread, but on every word that comes from the mouth of ADONAI.’”[4]

5Then the devil took Him to the holy city, set Him on the highest point of the Temple wall, 6and said to Him, “Since you are the Son of God, jump! The Tanakh says,

‘He will order His angels to be responsible for your protection, … they will support with their hands so you don’t even bump your foot against a stone.’”[6]

7Yeshua said to him, “But the Tanakh also says,

Do not put ADONAI your God to the test.’”[7]

8Once again the devil took Him to the summit of a very high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in all their glory, 9and told Him, “I will give you all of this if you will bow down and worship me.”[9]

10Then Yeshua said to him, “Go away, satan![10a] For the Tanakh says,

Worship ADONAI your God and serve only Him.’”[10b]

11Then the devil left Him, and angels came and tended to Him.

4. Yeshua Begins His Ministry in Capernaum (4:12-17; Mark 1:14; Luke 4:14-15)

12When Yeshua heard that Yochanan had been imprisoned[12], He returned to the GalilGalilee. 13Leaving NatzeretNazareth, He came and lived in CapernaumK'far-Nachum[13a], on Lake Kinneret[13b] near Z'vulun and Naftali[13c]. 14This was to fulfill what IsaiahYesha'yahu the prophet had said:

15“Land of Z'vulun and land of Naftali, toward the lake, beyond the Yarden, Galil-of-the-Goyim[15]16the people living in darkness have seen a great light; upon those living in the region, in the shadow of death, light has dawned."[16]

17From that time, Yeshua began to proclaim, “Turn away from your sins and return to God and His Torah! For the Kingdom of Heaven is near.[17], [GN]

5. The First Talmidim Called (4:18-22; Mark 1:16-20; Luke 5:1-11; John 1:35-42)

18Walking by Lake Kinneret, Yeshua saw two brothers who were fishermen — Shim'onSimon, also called KefaPeter,[18] and AndraiAndrew — casting a net into the lake. 19Yeshua said to them, “Come follow me, and I will make you fishers for men.

20They immediately left their nets and went with him.[20] 21Going on from there, he saw two other brothers, Ya'akovJacob[21a] son of Zebedeeben-Zavdai, and YochananJohn[21b] his brother, in the boat with their father ZebedeeZavdai, repairing their nets. He called them 22and they immediately left the boat and their father, and followed Him.

6. Early Ministry in the Galil (4:23-25)

23Yeshua went all over the Galil, teaching in their synagogues[23], proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom, and healing people from every kind disease and sickness. 24News about Him spread throughout all Syria, and people brought to Him all who were sick, suffering from various diseases and torments, those possessed by demons, epileptics, and paralytics; and He healed them. 25Large crowds followed Him from the Galil, Decapolis, Yerushalayim, Y'hudah, and `Ever-HaYarden[25].

Chapter 5


1a. A wilderness is not necessarily a desert, though it may be. It is any uninhabited and uncultivated land. It is in the wilderness where we can be alone with God and hear Him speak to us. It was in the wilderness that HaShem gave Israel His divine instruction, the Torah. [RETURN]

1b. The devil: Greek diaboloß, diabolos, false accuser or slanderer. In Hebrew he is called HaSatan (!tX ah) or tsar (rc), the adversary. [RETURN]

  2. After a person has fasted for a few days, the sensation of hunger goes away. When hunger returns, the person is coming near to starving to death. Yeshua was very near death by starvation. [RETURN]

3a. The word for tempter in the Greek text is peirazo (peirazo), to test for the purpose of ascertaining one’s quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself. [RETURN]

3b. “If, you are the Son of God” in most versions suggests that HaSatan was questioning whether Yeshua is the Son of God. There is, in fact, no doubt that He is. The Greek word translated if (ei) can also be translated as though, although, or since, which I feel is the best rendering. HaSatan was not questioning Yeshua’s deity, since it was He who threw HaSatan (Lucifer) out of heaven in the first place (Luke 10:18). HaSatan was taunting Yeshua, not questioning Him. I have thus rendered the word as since throughout this section.  [RETURN]

  4. Deuteronomy 8:3. [RETURN]

  6. Psalm 91:11-12 Even HaSatan can quote Scripture! [RETURN]

  7. Deuteronomy 6:16 [RETURN]

  9. Dominion over the entire earth was originally given by HaShem to Adam (Genesis 1:26-28). When Adam accepted the authority of HaSatan over the authority of HaShem, he relinquished his own authority over the world and gave it over to HaSatan. HaSatan, the god of this world (2 Corinthians 4:4), actually now holds legal title to all the kingdoms of this world until the time when Yeshua returns to take it back from him. [RETURN]

10a. Satan (!tX, the accuser or adversary) is his title, not his name. Neither is Lucifer his name. Lucifer (light bearer) is simply the rendering in the King James version of the Hebrew word llyh (heylel), shining one or morning star. The Scriptures do not tell us what his name is, but as Lucifer, he is the god of Freemasonry. [RETURN]

10b. Deuteronomy 6:13. [RETURN]

12. Luke 3:19-20 [RETURN]

13a. Kfar-Nachum (כְּפַר נַחוּם, Nachum’s village); Nachum (~wxn, comfort or mercy — therefore: village of mercy) — (also known as Also known as Tell Hum, Khirbet Karazeh, Bethsaida, Capharnaum, Chorazin, Kefar Nahum, Kafarnaum, Kefar Tanhum, Talhum, and Tanhum) was a fishing village in the time of the Hasmoneans, located on the northern shore of Lake Kinneret (the Sea of Galilee). It had a population of about 1,500. Archaeological excavations have revealed two ancient synagogues built one over the other. One excavation there is believed to be the home of Shim'on Kefa (Simon Peter), where Yeshua made his headquarters for a large portion of His ministry. See articles at BiblePlaces.com and Wikipedia for some rather nice photographs. [RETURN]

13b. Lake Kinneret: the Sea of Galilee, also called Kinneret (“harp-shaped”), Lake Gennesaret, Nof Ginosar, or Lake Tiberias, is the largest freshwater lake in Israel, and it is approximately 33 miles in circumference, about 13 miles long, 8 miles wide, and only about 200 feet deep at the deepest point. (By comparison, Lake Tahoe, on the border between California and Nevada, is about 22 miles long, 12 miles wide, and 1,645 feet deep.) It lies 680 feet below sea level and is surrounded by hills, especially on the east side, which reach a height of 2000 feet. See the article at ChristianAnswers.net. [RETURN]

13c. Z'vulun and Naftali. Z'vulun (Zebulun) was was the tenth son of Ya'akov (Jacob, Yisra'el), and Naftali (Naphtali) was was his sixth son. [RETURN]

15. Galilee of the Nations (Goyim, Gentiles, non-Jewish people). Galilee was divided into upper and lower Galilee. Upper Galilee was called Galilee of the Goyim, because it was on the “frontier” of Israel and occupied chiefly by Gentiles. It was in the neighborhood of Tyre, Sidon, etc. [RETURN]

16. Isaiah 9:1-2.

17. Yeshua never taught anything about “getting saved” or “going to heaven.” Not one single time in all the Gospel accounts is it ever recorded that Yeshua sat and began to teach, “Believe in Me and be baptized for the remission of your sins and you will be saved and go to heaven when you die.” His singular message, and that of His Emissaries, consisted of only nine words: “Repent (that is, turn away from sin and turn toward God and His Torah and be restored to covenant relationship), for the Kingdom of God is at hand.” The rest of the entire Apostolic Writings (the so-called “New Testament”) is instruction on how to conduct our lives in the Messianic Community after we have repented and become citizens of His Kingdom. [RETURN]

18. Six things you didn’t know about Peter [VIDEO]. [RETURN]

20. If we are to interpret the Gospel accounts accurately, it is critical for us to understand that Yeshua was a Jewish rabbi (teacher) and the “disciples” were talmidim (students) in His school. This was nothing at all unusual during the Second Temple Period in Israel. Rabbis would hand-pick their talmidim from among the best and brightest to be their “school” and literally live with them for a number of years, and then go start their own schools. Before the days of the printing press and Internet, this was how Torah was passed from one generation to the next.

It was not the goal of the talmid (student) to merely learn what his rabbi knew, but to also learn and mimic all of his rabbi’s practices and mannerisms; to effective become the very image of the rabbi, and then later to train his own talmidim to become images of himself. The rabbi would never teach from his own authority, but would teach in the name of the rabbi who trained him.

But Yeshua was not the typical rabbi. He built His school not by selecting talmidim from among the “best and brightest,” but rather from among common men from all walks of life. He taught them in His own name, from His own authority, which those around Him found quite unusual, as we will see later in the story.

When these common fishermen were offered the chance to become talmidim of this Rabbi, they immediately abandoned everything to take advantage of this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. [RETURN]

21a. Greek iakoboß, Iakobos; Hebrew bq[y, Ya'aqob or Ya'akov. The only possible correct English rendering of this name is Jacob. “James” is simply grammatically impossible. [RETURN]

21b. Six things you didn’t know about Yochanan [VIDEO]. [RETURN]

Regions of First-Century Israel Click to Enlarge

23. The very fact that Yeshua was permitted to teach in their synagogues proves beyond any shadow of doubt that He was a well-respected Jewish rabbi. He would not have been permitted to teach had He not been. [RETURN]

25. The Galil (Galilee) is the area north and west of Lake Kinneret (the Sea of Galilee). Decapolis (ten cities) was a federation of ten city-states that lay in the area east of the Jordan River and south of `Ever-HaYarden (Beyond Jordan, or Transjordan) was the area east of the Jordan River and north of Decapoolis. Yerushalayim is Jerusalem, west and slightly north of the northern tip of the Dead Sea. Y'hudah (Judea) was the territory west of the Dead Sea and the southern Jordan River between Samaria and Idumea. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 17 May 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 July 2022 09:31 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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