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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

If your life is not in jeopardy for what you believe, you’re probably on the wrong side!


WARNING: The text used for my commentary is my own paraphrase and must not be
considered “a translation” or authorative in any way. It is, in fact, simply my commentary.

Maps, when used, are from Created using BibleMapper 3.0.
Additional data from
Source of Dates Used

Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 6 ~

8. Hypocrisy (6:1-4)

1Be careful not to parade your acts of tzedakah[1] in front of people in order to be seen by them. If you do, you have no reward from your Father in heaven. 2Therefore, when you do tzedakah, don’t blow a shofar[2a] in the synagogues and in the streets like the hypocrites do to win praise of people. Truly[2b] I tell you, they have already received all the reward they’re going to get. 3When you do tzedakah don’t even let your left hand know what your right hand is doing. 4Then your tzedakah will be in secret, and your Father, Who sees in secret, will reward you.

9. Instruction on Prayer and Fasting (6:5-18)

a. Prayer Guidelines (6:5-8)

5When you pray, don’t be like the hypocrites who love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners, where people can see them. Truly, they already have their reward! 6But you, when you pray, go into your private room, shut the door, and pray to your Father secretly,[6] and your Father who sees in secret will reward you. 7When you pray, don’t babble or speak gibberish like the the pagans do;[7] they think that the more they speak the better God will hear them. 8Don’t be like them. Your Father knows what you need even before you ask Him!

b. The Model Prayer (6:9-13)

 9Pray like this:

“‘Avinu shebashamayim, yitkadesh shimkha.
      [Our Father in heaven,[9] may your Name be kept holy.]
10Tavo malkhutekha ye’aseh r’tzonekha ba’aretz ka’asher na’asah vashamayim.
      [May Your Kingdom come and Your will be done here on earth, just as it is done in heaven.]
11Ten-lanu haiym lechem chukeinu.
      [Give us each day the food we need for that day.]
12u’selach-lanu et-ashmateinu ka’asher solechim anachnu la’asher ashmu lanu.
      [Forgive us what we have done wrong, as we also forgive those who have wronged us.][12]
13ve’al-tevieinu lidei massah, ki im-hatsileinu min-hara.
      [Don’t lead us into difficult testing, but protect us from the Evil One.][13]

[This last line does not appear in the original Hebrew mss. It was added as part of the Greek Church’s responsive liturgy. That does not mean that it is not theologically sound, only that it was not in the original text.]
Ki lekha ha-mamlakha ve-hagevurah veha-tiferet l’olemei ’olamim. Omein.[GN]
      [For the Kingdom, the power, and the glory are Yours forever. Amen.]’

c. Forgiving and Fasting (6:14-18)

14For if you forgive others their offenses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you; 15but if you don’t forgive others their offenses, your heavenly Father won’t forgive yours.

16When you fast, don’t act miserable like the hypocrites[16] do. They make sour faces so people will see they are fasting. Truly, they have already received all the reward they're going to. 17But you, when you fast, wash your face and comb your hair, 18so nobody will be able to tell that you are fasting except your Father who is with you in secret. Your Father, who sees what you do in secret, will reward you.

10. Finances (6:19-24)

19Don’t store your wealth here on the earth, where moths and rust destroy, and where burglars break in and steal. 20Instead, store your wealth in in heaven,[20] where neither moths nor rust destroy, and where burglars don’t break in and steal; 21Where your true wealth is, that is where your heart will also be.

22“‘The eye is the lamp of the body.’ So if you have a ‘good eye’ your whole body will be full of light. 23But if you have an ‘evil eye’ your whole body will be full of darkness. Then if the light in you is darkness, how great is that darkness![23]

24No one can subject himself to the will of two masters, since either he will hate one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You can’t serve both God and money.

11. Worry and Anxiety (6:25-34)

 25This is why I tell you, don’t worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; or about your body, what you will wear. Isn’t life more than food and the body more than clothing? 26Look at the birds of the sky. They don’t sow or reap; they don’t gather into barns. Yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Aren’t you worth more than they are?

27Can any of you add a single moment[27] to his lifespan by worrying? 28Why be anxious about clothing? Think about how the wildflowers of the field grow. They don’t work or spin thread. 29But I’m telling you that not even SolomonShlomo in all his splendor was dressed like one of these. 30If God dresses the grass of the field, which is here today and tossed into the furnace tomorrow, won’t He do so much more for you, Little Faith?30].

31So don’t be anxious, saying, ‘What will we eat?’, ‘What will we drink?’ or, ‘What will we wear?’ 32The pagans set their hearts on all these things. Your heavenly Father knows that you need them all. 33But first seek God’s Kingdom, and His righteousness; and all these things will be given to you as well. 34Don’t worry about tomorrow; tomorrow will take care of itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.

Chapter 7


 1. Tzedakah, Hebrew hqdc, is generally understood to mean charitable giving, as it probably is intended here. However, the word literally means “justice” or “righteousness,” so we might better understand it as “doing the right thing towards anyone in need.” [BACK]

2a. Or trumpet. “Blow a shofar” is a single word in the Greek version: salpizo (salpizo), to sound a shofar or trumpet. However, the NAS translates this phrase as “sound a trumpet.” In the Temple were numerous trumpet-shaped metal receptacles into which money could be deposited as gifts, and each receptacle was inscribed with a description of what money deposited in this particluar receptacle would be used for. Since these receptacles were made of metal, coins tossed into them would certainly make a considerable sound. Could it be that this phrase is referring to the practice of tossing many small-value coins into the “trumpet” so they would make a greater clatter, thus seeming to be a lot greater contribution that the actual value? [BACK]

2b. Amen. See note 18a on Chapter 5. [BACK]

 6. The tallit (prayer shawl) helps fulfill this purpose, especially the large tallit, or tallit gadol. By wrapping one’s self in the tallit, including the head, a great measure of privacy can be obtained for prayer. [BACK]

 7. Because many English translations render this phrase as “do not use meaningless (or vain) repetition” (or something similar), many Gentile Christian Bible teachers erroneously use this verse to teach against any form of liturgical prayer except the so-called “Lord’s Prayer.” Since Yeshua regularly attended synagogue and participated in liturgical prayer (which, by the way, consists almost totally of Scripture quotations), this is obviously not a teaching against liturgical prayer. Yeshua is specifically referring to pagan worship practice, including witchcraft and other occult practices which frequently include glossolalia.

Glossolalia, a phenomenon sometimes referred to as “ecstatic utterances,” is the uttering of unintelligible, language-like sounds while in a state of ecstasy. Glossolalia is sometimes confused with xenoglossia, which is the biblical “gift of tongues.” However, whereas glossolalia is babbling in a nonexistent language, xenoglossia is the ability to speak fluently a language the speaker has never learned.

Additionally, whereas xenoglossia is not an innate or natural ability, studies have shown that glossolalia is a learned behavior. Research conducted by the Lutheran Medical Center demonstrates that glossolalia is readily learned by following simple instructions. Correspondingly, it was found that students could exhibit “speaking in tongues” in the absence of any indications of trance-like stupor or behaviors. Another test conducted with sixty students showed that after listening to a one-minute sample of glossolalia, 20 percent were able to imitate it precisely. After some training, 70 percent succeeded.

In just about every part of the world, glossolalia can be observed. Pagan religions all over the world are obsessed with tongues. These include the Shamans in the Sudan, the Shango cult of the West Coast of Africa, the Zor cult of Ethiopia, the Voodoo cult in Haiti, and the Aborigines of South America and Australia. Murmuring or speaking gibberish that is construed to be deep mystical insight by holy men is an ancient practice. [, “What is glossolalia?”]

With apologies to my numerous Pentecostal friends, literally all of the “praying (or speaking) in tongues” that I personally observed in the 14 years I attended Pentecostal assemblies was nothing but pagan gibberish: “Untie my bow tie in my Hyundai and shuttle my Honda.” Please be careful to follow the Biblical pattern in the use of “the spiritual gift of languages.” That is: (1) the language is always one of the actual languages of mankind and must be previously unknown to the speaker; (2) there must be an interpreter (translator) present who is already familiar with the human language that is being spoken; (3) if there is no translator present, the speaker is speaking out of turn and must remain silent. In the entire time I attended Pentecostal assemblies, not one single time did I observe the “gift of languages” that followed the Biblical requirements. [BACK]

 9. As disciples of Yeshua, we pray to the Father in His name as a reminder that without Yeshua, we have no accesss to the Father. [BACK]

12. Why should we expect God to forgive us when we wrong Him, if we are unwilling to forgive people who wrong us? [BACK]

13. It was not at all uncommon for rabbis of that time to teach their talmidim a specific “formula” prayer, so the request was not out of the ordinary. Yeshua probably did not specifically intend this model prayer to be recited as liturgy, although there is certainly nothing wrong with that, but rather to serve as an outline for what the content of our prayer should be like.

  1. Address HaShem, acknowledge His Father-like relationship to us and be ever mindful of His absolutely holiness.
  2. Acknowledge His absolute sovereignty over heaven and earth; His will should always be the rule on earth just as it is in the heavenly realm
  3. State our petition; primarily our actual needs, not just our “wish list”
  4. Ask forgiveness for the offenses we have committed against HaShem, and be mindful that His forgiveness is dependent upon our willingness to forgive those who have wronged us
  5. Seek protection from our own sin nature and from the power of the Evil One so that every tomorrow we sin less than we did today [BACK]

16. A hypocrite was an actor in Greek theater. They performed with a mask held in front of their face which was painted with the emotion they were pretending to express. Thus a hypocrite is a pretender, a phony, someone who puts on an outward show that has no relatiohsip to what is actually going on in the heart. [BACK]

20. Obviously, it’s not literally possible to make deposits into a bank somewhere in heaven. Yeshua is talking about heaven’s accounting system. This is not how you send wealth ahead of you so you can have it to use when you get there. He’s talking about spiritual, not material, treasures. When you store up spiritual treasures in the heavenly accounting system, you will find that they are available for you to use here on earth. [BACK]

23. “The eye is the lamp of the body” was an ancient proverb (not from the proverbs of Solomon). Having a “good eye” is an idiom for being generous; having an “evil eye” is an idiom for being stingy.

In Judaism, the “evil eye,” ayin hara in Hebrew, is the harmful negative energy that is created when one looks at something with envy or ill feeling.

The idea of an ayin hara is found in many places in the Talmud and Jewish law. For example, we are told not to gaze at a fellow's field of standing grain, lest we damage it with an evil eye, and the custom is not to call two brothers (or father and son) up to the Torah consecutively because of the ayin hara that may come from drawing too much attention to a single family. [, “What Is the Meaning of the ‘Evil Eye’?” accessed 17 May 2020] [BACK]

27. Literally, a cubit, approximately 18 inches. [BACK]

Originally posted on Wednesday, 06 May 2020
Added in-line note on verse 13 on Tuesday, 15 December 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 02 October 2023 12:46 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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