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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

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Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 12 ~

5. Messiah is Lord of Shabbat (12:1-14)

a. Yeshua Claims Lordship Over Shabbat (12:1-8; Mark 2:23-28; Luke 6:1-5)

1During that time Yeshua was walking through the grain fields on one ShabbatSabbath. His disciplestalmidim were hungry and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. 2When they saw this, the PhariseesP'rushim said to Him, “Look! Your talmidim are doing something that is not lawful to do on Shabbat.”

3But He said to them, “Haven’t you read what David and those who were with him did when they were hungry? 4He entered into the House of God and ate the Bread of the Presence.[4] This was prohibited for both him and his companions to eat; it is permitted only for the priestscohenim! 5Or have you not read in the Torah that on Shabbat the priests in the temple profane the Shabbat, yet are blameless? 6But I tell you that One greater than the Temple is here. 7If you had known what ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice’[7] means, you would not have condemned the blameless. 8For the Son of Man is Lord of Shabbat.[8]

b. Yeshua Proves Lordship Over Shabbat (12:9-13; Mark 3:1-5; Luke 6:6-11)

9Going on from there, He went into their synagogue, 10where there was a man with a withered hand. Looking for a reason to accuse Him, they asked Him, “Is it permitted to heal on Shabbat?

11He answered, “Which of you who has a sheep, if it falls into a pit on Shabbat, won’t grab it and lift it out? 12How much more valuable is a man than a sheep? Therefore, what is permitted on Shabbat is to do good.13Then he said to the man, Hold out your hand. He held it out, and it was restored, as good as the other hand.

c. The P'rushim Determine to Kill Yeshua (12:14; Mark 3:6)

14But the P'rushim went out and began plotting against Him, how they might kill[14] Him.

6. Many Additional Healings (12:15-23; Mark 3:6-12)

15Aware of their intent, Yeshua left that area. Many people followed Him, and He healed them all. 16But He warned them them not to make Him known, 17so that what was spoken through the prophet IsaiahYesha'yahu might be fulfilled:

18Here is My Servant, Whom I have chosen, my Beloved, with Whom I am well pleased; I will put My Spirit on Him, and He will announce justice to the Nations or GentilesGoyim 19He will not fight or shout, no one will hear His voice in the streets; 20He will not snap off a broken reed or snuff out a smoldering wick until he has brought justice through to victory. 21In him the Goyim will put their hope.[21]

22Some people brought Him a man who was possessed by demons who was blind and mute; and He healed him, so that he could both speak and see. 23The crowds were amazed, and said, “This can’t be the Son of David, can it?”[23]

7. P'rushim Blaspheme Ruach HaKodesh (12:24-30; Mark 3:22-30; Luke 11:14-23)

24But when the P'rushim heard of it, they said, “It is only by Ba'al-Zibbul, the prince of the demons, that this man drives out demons.”[24]

25Knowing their thoughts, Yeshua said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will survive. 26If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself; so how will his kingdom survive? 27If I drive out demons by Ba'al-Zibbul, by whom do your people drive them out? So they will be your judges! 28But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of God, then the Kingdom of God has come upon you! 29Or again, how can someone break into a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? After that he can plunder his house. 30Anyone who is not with Me is against me, and anyone who doesn’t gather with Me, scatters.

8. The Unpardonable Sin (12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30)

31That’s why I’m telling you that people will be forgiven every sin and blasphemy, except blasphemy against Ruach HaKidesh will not be forgiven. 32Whoever speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever keeps on speaking[32] against Ruach HaKodeshthe Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, neither in the this present world; the world which is now`olam hazeh nor in the world to come`olam haba.

9. Our Words Create Our Destiny (12:33-37)

33Either make the tree good, and its fruit good, or make the tree bad, and its fruit bad; for a tree is known [identified] by its fruit. 34You offspring of vipers, how can you speak good things when you are evil? For the mouth speaks out of the overflow of the heart. 35A good man produces good things from his storeroom of good, and an evil man produces evil things from his storeroom of evil. 36I’m telling you that on Judgment Day people will have to give account of every careless word they speak. 37For by your words you will be acquitted, and by your words you will be condemned.

10. The Sign of Jonah (12:38-41; Luke 11:29-32)

38Then some of the Scribes, Torah teachersSofrim and P'rushim said to Him, “Rabbi, we want to see a sign from you.”

39But He answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign?[39a] No sign will be given to it except the sign of JonahYonah the prophet.[39b] 40For just as Yonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.[40] 41The people of Nineveh will stand up with this generation in the Judgment, and will condemn it, for they turned away from their sins and back to God at Yonah’s preaching; and look here! Someone greater than Yonah is here.

11. The Sign of the Queen of Sheba (12:42; 2Chron. 9:1-12)

42The queen of the South[42] will rise up in the judgment with this generation, and will condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of SolomonShlomo; and look! Someone greater than Shlomo is here.

12. The Importance of Being Possessed by Ruach HaKodesh (12:43-45; Luke 11:24-26)

43When an unclean spirit has gone out of a person, he travels passes through the waterless places seeking rest, but doesn’t find it. 44Then he says to himself, ‘I will return to the house I left.’ When he arrives he finds that house empty, swept, and put in order. 45Then he goes and takes with himself seven other spirits more evil than he is, and they come in and live there. Ultimately that man becomes worse off than he was originally. This is how it will be for this wicked generation.[45]

13. True Relationships in the Kingdom (12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21)

46While He was still speaking to the crowd, His mother and His brothers were standing outside, wanting to speak to Him. 47Someone said to Him, “Look, your mother and your brothers are standing outside and they want to speak to you.”

48But he answered the one who had said that to Him, “Who is my mother? Who are my brothers?49Then He stretched out his hand towards his talmidim, and said, “Look, see my mother and my brothers here? 50Whoever does the will of My Father in heaven, that’s who My brother, My sister, and My mother are.[49]

Chapter 13


 4. 1 Samuel 21:1-6. Human needs take priority over tradition, and the preservation of human life takes priority over mitzvotcommandments of Torah. [RETURN]

 7. Hosea 6:6. [RETURN]

 8. If the Son of Man (Yeshua) is Lord of Shabbat (the Sabbath), then Shabbat is His day, the Lord’s day. Thus it is very clear to anyone who has ears to hear that Shabbat, not Sunday, is the Lord’s Day! [RETURN]

14. Destroy: Greek apollumi apollumi; to declare that one must be put to death; to kill; to put out of the way entirely, abolish, put an end to ruin. [RETURN]

21. Isaiah 42:1-4. [RETURN]

23. Son of David or Mashiach ben-David (Messiah, Son of David) is a clearly Messianic title. They were clearly wondering if Yeshua were the Messiah. [RETURN]

32. Keeps on speaking. The tense of this verb indicates that it is an ongoing action, not just a single event. [RETURN]

39a. This should serve as a warning to those who place the importance of charismatic “signs and wonders” over solid Bible exposition. [RETURN]

39b. There is considerable debate whether the “sign of Jonah” is that Yeshua was in the grave for three days and three nights, or that people repent (turn from their sins and turn back to God) in His name. In verse 40 Yeshua ends the debate by explaining what the sign will be.  I personally believe that it means Messiah will lie in the grave for almost exactly 72 hours. See Crucifixion Week Chronology. [RETURN]

40. Jonah 1:17. [RETURN]

42. Queen of the South. Queen of Sheba, see 1Kings 10:1; 2Chron 9:1 [RETURN]

45. Although Ruach HaKodesh had not yet been given at the time Yeshua was teaching this, it is important for us to understand that when we enter into a saving relationship with the Master, we are literally “possessed” by Ruach HaKodesh, and He will not share His dwelling with an unclean spirit. It is therefore impossible for a person who is truly “saved” to ever be possessed by an unclean spirit; oppressed or influenced, certainly possible; but never possessed. [RETURN]

49. His family had apparently come to take Him home and put an end to this “Messiah foolishness.” His brothers did not accept His claims until after they were proven by the resurrection. His Mother certainly knew, and Scripture is totally silent about His sisters. We need to understand that Yeshua is not downplaying the importance of family relationships. However, since His brothers did not believe, His priority had to be those who did believe. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Tuesday, 19 May 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 July 2022 09:31 AM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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