The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 13 ~

IV. Mysteries of the Kingdom (chapter 13)

A. Mysteries Taught Through Parables (13:1-52)

1. The Sower and the Soils (13:1-9; Mark 4:1-25; Luke 8:4-15)

1Later that day Yeshua went out of the house, and sat by the seaside. 2A large crowd gathered around Him, so He got into a boat and sat, while the crowd stood on the beach. 3He said many things to them in parables,[1] saying, “Pay attention! A farmer went out to sow. 4As he sowed, some seeds fell by the roadside, and the birds came and ate them. 5Others seeds fell on rocky ground, where they didn’t have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because the soil wasn’t very deep. 6When the sun had risen, they were scorched. Because they had no real roots, they withered away. 7Other seeds fell among thorns. The thorns grew up and choked them out. 8Still other seeds fell on rich soil, and yielded fruit: some one hundred times as much, some sixty, and some thirty times. 9Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear.

a. The Parable Explained Privately (13:10-23)

10The disciplestalmidim came and asked Yeshua, “Why are you speaking to them in parables?”

11He answered, “Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries[11a] of the Kingdom of Heaven,[11b] but it has not been given to them. 12For whoever has something will be given more, so that he will have plenty; but whoever has nothing, even what he has will be taken away from him. 13This is why I speak to them in parables; because they look, but they don’t see, and they listen but they don’t hear or understand. 14In them the prophecy of IsaiahYesha'yahu is fulfilled, in which he says:

‘You will keep on listening, yet never understand; you will keep on looking but never perceive. 15Because this people’s heart has grown callous; their ears are hard of hearing and they have closed their eyes; otherwise they might perceive with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand with their heart,[15a] and turn back,[15b] and I would heal them.[15c]

16But your eyes are spiritually prosperous,[16] for they see; and so are your ears, for they hear. 17Truly I tell you that many a prophet and many a righteous persontzaddik longed to see the things that you are seeing, but didn’t see them; and to hear the things that you are hearing, but didn’t hear them.

18Now listen to what the parable of the farmer means. 19Whoever hears the word of the Kingdom[19a] but doesn’t understand it is like the seeds that fell by the roadside; the Evil One comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart.[19b] 20The seeds that were sown on the rocky ground is like a person who hears the message and immediately accepts it with with joy, 21but has no root in himself. So he stays on for a while; but as soon as trouble or persecution arises because of that message, he immediately falls away.[21] 22The seeds that were sown among the thorns is like the one who hears the message, it is choked out by the worries of the world and the deceitfulness of wealth, so it produces nothing in him.[22] 23However, the seeds that were sown on the the rich soil is the one who hears the message and understands it; this one surely bears fruit — some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty times as much as was sown.[23]

2. Tares Among Wheat (13:24-30)

24Yeshua presented them with another parable. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field, 25but while people were sleeping his enemy came and sowed darnel[25] among the wheat, and went away. 26When the wheat sprouted and produced heads, the darnel also sprouted. 27The owner’s servants came to him and, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where did this darnel come from?’

28He answered them, ‘An enemy has done this.’

“So the servants asked, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’

29The owner said, ‘No, because while you pull up the darnel, you’ll pull up the wheat with them. 30Let both grow together until the harvest, then at harvest time I will tell the harvesters to first pull up the darnel and bundle them up to burn them, but to harvest the wheat into my barn.’

3. The Mustard Seed (13:31-32; Mark 4:30-32)

31He gave them another parable. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed that a man took and sowed in his field. 32It is the smallest of all the seeds, but when it is grown, it is larger than all the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and nest in its branches.

4. The Leaven (13:34; Luke 13:20-21)

33He told them still another parable. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven,[33a] which a woman hid in a bushel[33b] of flour, then waited until all the dough rose.

a. His Use of Parables Fulfilled Prophecy(13:34-35)

34Yeshua told the crowd all these things in parables; and He didn’t speak to them except in a parable, 35so that which was spoken through the prophet would be fulfilled:

“I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.[35]

b. The Parable of the Tares Explained Privately (13:36-43)

36Then Yeshua sent the crowds away, and went into the house. His talmidim came to Him and asked, “Explain to us the parable of the darnel weeds in the field.”

37He answered, “The one who sows the good seed is the Son of Man and 38the field is the world. The good seed are the people who belong to the Kingdom and the darnel weeds are the people who belong to of the Evil One. 39The enemy who sowed them is the Adversary, the harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. 40Just as the darnel weeds are gathered and burned up with fire, so will it be at the end of the age. 41The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will collect out of His Kingdom everything that causes people to sin and all those who are without Torah,[41] 42and they will throw them into the fiery furnace, where people will wail and gnash their teeth.[42] 43Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. Anyone who has ears, let him hear!

5. The Hidden Treasure (13:44)

44The Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field. A man found it and hid it again. In his great joy he went and sold everything he owned, and bought that field.

6. The Pearl of Great Price (13:45-46)

45Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is a man who is merchant looking for fine pearls. 46When he found one one deceptionally valuable pearl he went, sold everything that he owned, and bought it.

7. The Dragnet (13:47-51)

47Once more, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a net that was cast into the lake and gathered all kinds of fish. 48When it was full the fishermen drew it up onto the beach. They sat down and gathered the good fish into containers, but threw away the bad fish. 49So will it be in the end of the age. The angels will go forth and separate the wicked from among the righteous, 50and will throw them into the fiery furnace, where they will wail and gnash their teeth.[50]

51Have you understood all these things?” Yeshua asked them.

“Yes,” they answered Him.

8. The Homeowner (13:52)

52Then He said to them, “So then, every Scribe, Torah teacherSofer who has been made into a talmid in the Kingdom of Heaven is like a homeowner who brings out of his storehouse both new and old things.

B. The King Rejected in Nazareth (13:53-58; Mark 6:1-6)

53When Yeshua had finished these parables, He left 54and went into His home town.[53] There He taught them in their synagogue in a way that astonished them, so that they asked, “Where did this man’s wisdom miracles come from? 55Isn’t He the carpenter’s son? Isn’t His mother named Miryam, and his brothers, Ya'akov, Yeshua, Shim`on, and Y'hudah?[55] 56Aren’t all of his sisters here with us? So where does He get all of these things?” 57And they took offense at Him.

But Yeshua said to them, “A prophet is not without honor, except in his own home town, and in his own house.58He did very few miracles there because of their unbelief.

Chapter 14


  1. A parable is a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson. [RETURN]

11a. Mystery, Greek musterion, musterion: a hidden or secret thing that is not obvious to the understanding. In the Apostolic Writings this word is frequently used to indicate something that was formerly not common knowledge, but should now be understood by the Messianic Believer. [RETURN]

11b. The “Kingdom of Heaven” is exactly the same as “The Kingdom of God,” and has absolutely nothing to do with where Believers in Messiah go when they die. See “Is Heaven for Real?[RETURN]

15a. This should serve as a warning to the Church. The meaning of Messiah’s teaching was hidden from them because they had already fixed their minds on their preconceived “doctrine” and were not willing to open their minds to the truth. Just because you have been taught a certain way your whole life does not mean that it is correct. [RETURN]

15b. Hebrew bwX shuwb, return to God and His Torah and be restored to fellowsip with Him. This is the same word that Yochanan the Immerser, Yeshua, and His Shliachim all preached: “Repent (shuwb) for the Kingdom of God is at hand.” [RETURN]

15c. Isaiah 6:9-10 [RETURN]

16. Spiritually prosperous: Greek makarioß, makarios. But Yeshua spoke Hebrew, not Greek. The word He used would have been rXa ('ashar). See note 3a on Matt. 5. [RETURN]

19a. Please note that Yeshua says this parable is about the Kingdom, not about personal salvation, as is almost universally taught in the Church. See The True Gospel. Please do not harden your heart against the message of the Kingdom. [RETURN]

19b. This is a person who hears the message of the Kingdom of God, but is either an unbeliever or a Believer in the “Jesus” of the Church and does not want to hear the Good News of the Kingdom. The message falls on deaf ears. [RETURN]

21. This is the person who hears the message of the Kingdom of God and becomes excited to experience the joys of living a Torah lifestyle. He starts attending a Messianic Synagogue and for a while all is well. But his friends and family deride him for rejecting the erroneous teachings of the Church and accuse him of “Galatianism.ֲֲ” He leaves Messianic Judaism and returns to the Gentle Church. [RETURN]

22. This is the person who hears the message of the Kingdom of God, but decides that living a Torah lifestyle is too “restrictive.” He does not want to give up his Saturday activities and does not want to embrace a kosher diet. He just doesn’t feel living a godly lifestyle is “worth it.” [RETURN]

23. This is the person who hears the message of the Kingdom of God, and decides that living a Torah lifestyle is just what he has been searching for all of his life. He fully embraces the God, the Torah, and the People of Israel and becomes a productive citizen of the Commonwealth of Israel. [RETURN]

Weat vs. Tares 25. Darnel (“tares”) is a weed grass (probably bearded darnel or lolium temulentum) that looks very much like wheat until it is mature, when the difference becomes very apparent. [RETURN]

33a. Leaven is like the “starter” for most “friendship bread” recipes (here is my personal favorite that my wife, of blessed memory, used to make). You make the first batch of dough for your bread or cake and let it go through a fermenting and rising process. Then before you bake it, you remove a small portion to use as a “starter” for your next batch. That “starter” is “leaven.” [RETURN]

33b. Literally, three satas. A sata is a dry measure of about three gallons, so this would be a bit more than a bushel. The Holman Christian Standard Bible says 50 pounds; the New American Standard says three pecks. [RETURN]

35. Psalm 78:2 [RETURN]

41. Without Torah: Greek anomia anomia, the condition of being without law. Virtually all English Bibles translate “Torah,” God’s loving instruction for His people, as “Law.” Therefore, “without Law” means “without Torah” or those who reject God’s Torah as having been “abolished” or “nailed to the cross.” [RETURN]

42. There will be two reactions to the sentence of eternal condemnation: those who weep and wail with anguish for their failure and loss, and those who gnash their teeth in anger against the just Judge. [RETURN]

50. It isn’t sufficient to just be “a fish in the net” (i.e., be a member of a congregation). There are numerous church/synagogue members who are “in the net” but who will be rejected at the Judgment. Are you one of the “good fish” that will be kept, or are you one of the “bad fish” that will be cast aside? [RETURN]

53. Nazareth. [RETURN]

55. The Roman Church teaches “the perpetuial virginity of Mary,” yet here are named Yeshua’s half-brothers, and his half-sisters are also mentioned but unnamed. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Thursday, 21 May 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return