The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 14 ~

V. Ministry of the King (chapters 14-20)

A. Yochanan the Immerser Murdered (14:1-14; Mark 6:14-19; Luke 9:7-9)

1At that time, Herod the tetrarch[1] heard the report concerning Yeshua, 2and said to his servants, “This is Yochanan the Immerser, who has risen from the dead. That is why these miraculous powers are at work in him.” 3For Herod had arrested Yochanan, bound him, and put him in prison for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife,[3] 4because Yochanan had told him, “It is not lawful for you to have her.” 5Though he wanted to have him executed, he feared the the people because they considered him a prophet. 6But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced for the company and pleased Herod 7so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she would ask for. 8Prompted by her mother, she said, “Give me the head of Yochanan the Immerser here on a platter!”

9Although the king deeply regretted it, but because of his oaths and his guests, he commanded it to be granted. 10So he gave the command for Yochanan to be beheaded in the prison. 11His head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother. 12His disciples talmidim came, took the body, and buried it; then they went and told Yeshua.

13When Yeshua heard about it, He withdrew from there by boat to a remote place to be alone. But when the crowds heard it, they followed him on foot from the towns.

14As Yeshua stepped ashore he saw the large crowd. He had compassion on them and healed their sick.

B. Teaching in the Galil

1. Five Thousand Fed (14:15-21; Mark 6:30-44; Luke 9:10-17; John 6:1-14)

15When it was evening His talmidim came to Him and said, “This place is remote, and it’s getting late. Send the crouds away so they can go into the villages and buy themselves food.”

16But Yeshua answered them, “They don’t need to go away. You give them something to eat.

17They told Him, “We only have here five loaves of bread and two fish.”

18He said, “Bring them here to me.19After He instructed the crowd to sit down on the grass, He took the five loaves of bread and the two fish and, looking up toward heaven, He made a b'rakhah.[19] Then He broke the loaves and and gave them to the talmidim, who gave them to the crowd. 20Everyone ate as much as they wanted, and they took up twelve baskets full of pieces that were left over.[20] 21The number who had eaten were about five thousand men, plus the women and children.[21]

2. The King Walks on Water (14:22-33)

22Yeshua immediately had the talmidim get into the boat and go ahead of Him to the other side, while He sent the crowds away. 23After He had sent the crowds away, He went up onto the mountain by Himself to pray. When evening had come, He was there alone. 24But by this time the boat was now in the middle of the lake, battling waves and a strong headwind.[24] 25In the fourth watch of the night,[25a] Yeshua came to them, walking on the surface of the lake.[25b] 26When the talmidim saw Him walking on the lake, they were terrified. “It’s a ghost!” they screamed in fear. 27But Yeshua spoke to them at once. “Courage!” He said. “It is I![27] Don’t be afraid.”

28Kefa answered Him, “Lord,[28] if it’s You, command me to come to You on the water.”

29He said, “Come!

Climbing out of the boar, Kefa started walking on the water toward Yeshua. 30But when he saw the strength of the wind he was afraid. And beginning to sink, he cried out, “Lord, save me!”[30]

31Immediately Yeshua reached out His hand, caught hold of him, and said to him, “Oh, Little Faith,[GN] why did you doubt?32When they got up into the boat, the wind ceased. 33Then those who were in the boat came and worshiped Him,[33] saying, “You are truly the Son of God!”

3. Healing at Ginosar (14:34-36; Mark 6:53-56)

34Having made the crossing, they landed at GinosarGennesaret. 35When the people of that place recognized Him, they sent word throughout the area and brought everyone who was sick. 36They begged Him that the sick might be permitted to just touch the fringes tzitzit[36] on his robe. Everyone who touched it was made completely well.

Chapter 15


  1. Tetrarch, Greek tetragonoß, from tessareß tessares, four, and gonia gonia, corner. After the death of Herod the Great in 4 BCE, his “kingdom” (actually the Roman province of Israel) was divided into four administrative regions, with each of his sons governing one region. The ruler (in name only) of each region was called a tetrarch because he administered one of the four regions. Herod the Tetrarch ruled the Province of Judea, which was created by joining together Judea proper (biblical Judah), Samaria, and Idumea (biblical Edom). Philip the Tetrarch ruled Batanea, with Trachonitis, as well as Auranitis until 34 CE (his domain later being incorporated into the Province of Syria), while Herod Antipas ruled Galilee and Perea until 34 CE. In reality, they were all subject to the governance of the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate from 26 to 36 CE. See the Wikipedia article. [RETURN]

  3. Herodias was the sister of Herod V (king of Chalkis), Herod Agrippa (king of Judea), Aristobulus Minor, and Mariamne III (wife of Crown Prince Antipater and, after his execution by Herod the Great, she was possibly the first wife of Herod Archelaus, principal heir of Herod the Great and ethnarch of Judea). Herod the Great executed his sons Alexander and Aristobulus IV, in 7 BC, and engaged Herodias to Herod II (born ca. 27 BCE; died 33 CE), her half-uncle. The marriage was opposed by Antipater II, Herod the Great's eldest son, and so Herod demoted Herod II to second in line to the throne. Antipater's execution in 4 BC for plotting to poison his father left Herod II as first in line, but his mother's knowledge of the poison plot, and failure to stop it, led to his being dropped from this position in Herod I's will just days before he died.

In addition to Matthew's Gospel, Mark’s Gospel states that Herodias was married to Philip, therefore some scholars have argued his name was Herod Philip, but Luke’s Gospel drops the name Philip. Because he was the grandson of the high priest Simon Boethus he is sometimes described as Herod Boethus, but there is no evidence he was called by that name.

There was one daughter from this marriage, Salome. Herodias later divorced Herod II. According to the historian Josephus:

Herodias took upon her to confound the laws of our country, and divorced herself from her husband while he was alive, and was married to Herod Antipas. [Josephus, Flavius. "Antiquities of the Jews". Retrieved 21 April 2019.]

Herodias' second husband was Herod Antipas, aka Herod Phillip (born before 20 BCE; died after 39 CE) half-brother of Herod II (her first husband). He is best known today for his role in events that led to the executions of Yohanan the Immerser and Yeshua. Antipas divorced his first wife Phasaelis, the daughter of King Aretas IV of Nabatea, in favor of Herodias. It was this marriage which Yochanan publicly criticized. [, “Herodias” accessed 21 May 2020] [RETURN]

19. Nearly all English translations say that Yeshua blessed the loaves and fish. This translation is based on an unfortunate lack of understanding of Jewish tradition. In Jewish tradition, which Yeshua practiced, it is not the food which is blessed; rather it is God, Who has provided the food, Who is blessed. The traditional b'rakhah (blessing) for bread (or non-specified food in general) is, “Baruch etah, ADONAI Eloheinu, Melech ha olam, ha mozti lechem mein ha aretz. Blessed (praised) are you, ADONAI our God, Who brings forth our bread (food) from the earth.” [RETURN]

20. An entire basket full of “leftovers” for each talmid. This begs the question: if the talmidim only had five loaves of bread and two fish among them, where did the twelve baskets come from? Was each talmid carrying his own basket, like a suitcase, for their journey? [RETURN]

21. Assuming that at least half the men present had their wives with them, and that many of them had at least a few of their children with them, the total number of people fed may have been as many as 8,000 or more. [RETURN]

24. The Sea of Galilee is notorious for strong winds or storms that occur suddenly and without warning, whipping the water into extremely dangerous conditions with high waves. [RETURN]

25a. About 4:00 am. Literally, “in the fourth watch.” The Roman method of timekeeping, under which first-century Israel lived, divided the night into four approximately equal “guards” or “watches” during which the night guards would be on duty. Assuming (for sake of illustration) sunset at 6:00 pm and sunrise at 6:00 am, the first watch would be 6:00-9:00 pm, the second watch 9:00 pm to midnight, the third watch midnight to 3:00 am, the fourth watch 3:00 am to 6:00 am. [RETURN]

25b. “He alone stretches out the heavens and treads on the waves of the sea” (Job 9:8). [RETURN]

27. Greek ego eimi ego eimi, literally “I AM.” This is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew sacred name of God, יְהוָה֒ (YHWH). In my carefully considered opinion, Yeshua here announced to His talmidim His sacred name from eternity past. I think that He essentially said to them, “Be brave! I am the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. You have nothing to be afraid of.” [RETURN]

28. Lord: Greek kurioß Kurios. This is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew !wda Adon. It may mean sir or master, or it may be the Hebrew circumlocution for the Sacred Name, ADONAI. If Yeshua said what I think He said, then it would be perfectly logical for Kefa to call out to him as ADONAI. [RETURN]

30. I have often heard Kefa criticized because he took his eyes off of Yeshua and let his faith waiver. Let remind you that he walked on water, if only for a few steps. Before you criticize him, answer me this: When was the last time that you took even one step on water? [RETURN]

33. Those who would say that Yeshua was not deity, but only a “good” man, would have difficulty explaining how He could accept worship — something that not even the angels will do — and still be considered “good.” [RETURN]

36. Tzitzit: fringes or tassels on the corners of Jewish garments. See Numbers 15:38-40. See the note on Matt 9:21. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Thursday, 21 May 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return