The Center for
Messianic Learning 

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ב״ה
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.


Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)


The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Mattityahu
Yeshua, the Righteous King


~ 18 ~

18. Childlike Faith Required for Kingdom Citizenship (18:1-6; Mark 9:33-50; Luke 9:46-50)

1Just then the disciplestalmidim came to Yeshua, asking, “Who is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”

2Yeshua called a little child over to Him, set him among them, 3and said, “Truly I tell you, unless you change your attitude and become like little children, there is no way that you will ever enter into the Kingdom of Heaven. 4The greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven is whoever humbles himself as this little child. 5Whoever welcomes[5] one little child like this in my name welcomes Me; 6but whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to stumble,[6] it would be better for him to have a huge millstone hung around his neck and be sunk in the open sea.

19. Parable of the Lost Sheep (18:7-14; Luke 14:3-7)

7Woe to the world because of its occasions of stumbling![6] It’s inevitable that occasions to stumble[6] will come, but woe to the person who causes those occasions! 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble,[6] cut it off and throw it away.[8] It’s better for you to enter into life maimed or crippled, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into the eternal fire. 9If your eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out, and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into the fire of Gei Hinnom.[9] 10See that you don’t treat one of these little ones disrespectfully. I’m telling you that in heaven their angels always see the face[10] of my Father who is in heaven. 11For the Son of Man has come to save[11] that which was lost.

12What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, doesn’t he leave the ninety-nine on the hillside and search for the stray? 13If he finds it, truly I tell you, he rejoices over it more than over the ninety-nine that didn’t stray.[13] 14Even so, it is not the will of your Father in heaven that even one of these little ones perish.

20. Discipline and Restoration (18:15-35; Luke 17:3-4)

15If your brother sins against you, go show him his fault privately, just between you and him. If he listens to you, you have won your brother back. 16But if he doesn’t listen, take one or two more with you, so that every accusation will be confirmed by the testimony of two or three witnesses.[16] 17If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the assembly. If he also refuses to listen to the assembly, treat him as you would a pagan or a tax collector.[17]

18Truly I tell you that whatever you prohibit on earth will already have been prohibited in heaven, and whatever things you permit on earth will already have been permitted in heaven.[18] 19Again I tell you, that if two of you[19] agree on earth concerning anything that they ask about, it will be done for them by my Father who is in heaven. 20For where two or three are joined together in My name [for the purpose of deciding Messianic halakhah or for settling disputes between Believers], I am their in their midst.[20]

21Then Kefa came and said to him, “Lord, how often can my brother sin against me, and I have to forgive him? As many as seven times?”

22No, not seven times,” Yeshua answered, “rather seventy times seven! 23The Kingdom of Heaven is like a certain king, who wanted to reconcile accounts with his servants. 24When he had begun to reconcile, a man was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents.[24] 25But because he couldn’t pay, his master ordered that hem was to be sold, along with his wife, his children, and everything that he had, to pay the debt. 26But servant fell down and knelt before him, saying, ‘Lord, have patience with me, and I will repay you everything!’ 27The servant’s master was moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.

28But that servant went out and found one of his fellow servants, who owed him one hundred denarii,[28] and he grabbed him and started choking him, ‘Pay me what you owe!’

29So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you back!’ 30He refused and had him thrown into prison until he could pay back what he owed. 31When his fellow servants saw what he had done, they were very grieved, and reported to their master what had been done. 32Then his master called him in, and said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt, because you begged me. 33Shouldn’t you also have had mercy on your fellow servant, just as I had mercy on you?’ 34His master was angry and turned him over to the jailers[34] until he paid everything he owed. 35My heavenly Father will do the same to you, if you don’t forgive your brother from your heart.

Chapter 19

____________

5. Greek decomai, dechomai, to receive favorably, give ear to, embrace, make one’s own, approve, not to reject; to receive into one’s family to bring up or educate. Perhaps what Yeshua meant was that whoever welcomes a child, or a child-like adult, into a close relationship welcomes Him into the same kind of relationship. [RETURN]

6. Greek skandalizo skandalizo; to cause a person to begin to distrust and desert one whom he ought to trust and obey; to cause to fall away. Although some translations, and many interpreters, equate this to sin, the word is not referring to sin (defined in the Scriptures as violations of Torah, 1 John 3:4). It is referring to anything that would cause one to have one’s faith in Yeshua diminished. [RETURN]

8. This is obviously hyperbole, the use of exaggeration as a rhetorical device or figure of speech. It emphasizes, evokes strong feelings, and creates strong impressions. As a figure of speech, it is seldom meant to be taken literally. Yeshua surely does not advocate maiming ourselves. His intent is that we get rid of anything in our life that would interfere with our relationship to Him. [RETURN]

  9. Valley of Hinnom, hell, the place of the future punishment, also called “Gehenna” or “Gehenna of fire.” This was originally the valley of Hinnom, south of Jerusalem, where the filth and dead animals of the city were cast out and burned; a fit symbol of the wicked and their future destruction. [RETURN]

10. The phrase “see the face” is often used as an idiom for being in the presence of someone. I take this to mean that each believer has an angel assigned (a “guardian” angel), and that angel has direct access to God at all times. [RETURN]

11. Greek sozo, sozo, to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction; to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue; to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment. [RETURN]

13. Compare this teaching to Ueshua’s parable of the prodigal son at Luke 15:11-32. [RETURN]

16. Deuteronomy 19:15 [RETURN]

17. Yeshua has made it absolutely clear that the individual who habitually sins and remains unrepentant must be put out of the assembly until they repent and are restored to fellowship. (See also 1Cor 5, 2Cor 2:5-8, and Gal 6:1) He will certainly hold accountable those Elders who fail to obey this instruction. [RETURN]

18. Prohibiting and permitting, see note on 16:19. [RETURN]

19. This authority is given specifically to His disciples, and by extension, to those Elders who will rule over Messianic Communities that are to follow. Note that in verse 18:1 Yeshua is speaking only to His disciples, the ones who became the Apostles. [RETURN]

20. The traditional Christian interpretation of this paragraph is that if two or three Believers agree on anything in prayer, they may confidently petition Heaven with their request and it will be granted. However, the context absolutely prohibits this interpretation. The context is that of establishing a Beit Din to to determine halakhah (permitted and prohibited conduct) for the Messianic Community. If a matter is brought before a two- or three-member Messianic Beit Din, they can be assured that the authority of God in heaven stands behind their decision. Remember that any text taken out of context becomes pretext. [RETURN]

24. Ten thousand talents represents an extremely large sum of money, equivalent to about 60,000,000 denarii, where one denarius was typical of one day’s wages for agricultural labor. This debt would be worth many millions of today’s dollars. [RETURN]

28. 100 denarii was about one sixtieth of a talent, or about two months’ wages for an agricultural worker. [RETURN]

34. Jailer: Greek basanisteß, basanistes, torturer; one who elicits the truth by the use of the rack; an inquisitor; also used of a jailer doubtless because the business of torturing was also assigned to him. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 24 May 2020

Page last updated on Thursday, 21 January 2021 04:16 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return
ANXIOUSLY WATCHING FOR MASHIACH’S RETURN,
SPEEDILY AND IN OUR DAY. MARANA, TA!