The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 19 ~

C. Teaching in Judea Beyond the Jordan (chapters 19 and 20)

1. Divorce, Adultery, and Celibacy (19:1-12; Mark 10:1-12)

1When Yeshua had finished this teaching He left the GalilGalilee, and came to the region of Y'hudahJudea beyond the YardanJordan. 2Large crowds followed Him, and he healed them there. 3Some PhariseesP'rushim came to test Him,[3a] asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason?”[3b]

4He answered them, “Haven’t you read that the One Who created them in the beginning[4a] made them male and female,[4b] 5and said, ‘For this cause a man will leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh?[5] 6So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what therefore God has joined together, man must not separate.

7They asked Him, “Then why did Moshe command us to give her a writ of divorce and send her away?

8He answered, “Moshe allowed you to divorce your wives because of the hardness of your hearts,[8] but it was not like that in the beginning. 9What I’m telling you is that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality, and marries another, is committing adultery; and anyone who marries her after she has been divorced is committing adultery.[9]

10His disciplestalmidim said to Him, “If that’s the case between a man and his wife, it’s better not to get married.”

11He answered, “Not all men can accept this teaching; only those for whom it is intended. 12[There are many reasons not to get married.] Some men are born without sexual desire, some have been castrated; but some choose to remain celibate for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven. Whoever is able to accept this, let him do so.

2. The Rabbi Blesses the Children (19:13-15; Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)

13Some little children were brought to Him so He could lay his hands on them and pray; but the talmidim rebuked the people who brought them. 14But Yeshua said, “Let the children come; don’t stop them from coming to Me. The Kingdom of Heaven belongs to ones who are like these.15He laid His hands on them, and then He left.

3. A Rich Young Man (19:16-26; Mark 10:17-27; Luke 18:18-17)

16Someone came to Him and asked, “Rabbi, what good thing do I need to do to have eternal life?”[16]

17He said to him, Why are you asking me about what’s good? There is only One who is good. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments of Torahmitzvot.”

18Then he asked Him, “Which ones?”

Yeshua said, “‘Don’t murder.’ ‘Don’t commit adultery.’ ‘Don’t steal.’ ‘Don’t give false testimony.’ 19‘Honor your father and mother.’[19a] And, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’[19b]

20The young man said to Him, “I have kept all these things. What do I still lack?”[20]

21Yeshua said to him, “If you want to be complete,[21a] go sell your possessions and give to the poor,[21b] and you will have treasure in heaven;[21c] and come, follow Me.22But when the young man heard this, he went away sad, for he was very wealthy. 23Then Yeshua said to his talmidim, “Truly I tell you, it’s hard for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of Heaven. 24Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle[24a] than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.[24b]

25When the talmidim heard this, they were amazed, and asked, “Then, who then can be saved?”[25]

26Looking at them, Yeshua said, “With man it is impossible; but with God everything is possible.

4. What’s In It For Me? (19:27-30; Mark 10:28-31; Luke 18:28-30)

27Then Kefa said to Him, “Look, we have left everything and followed you. What then will there be for us?”

28Yeshua said to them, “Truly I tell you that in the regeneration[28a], when the Son of Man sits on His glorious[28b] throne, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Yisra'el. 29Everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands for My name’s sake will receive many times as much, and will inherit eternal life. 30But many who are first will be last; and many who are last will be first.

Chapter 20


  3a. They were not honest seekers; they simply wanted to discredit Him by trapping Him into teaching against Torah. [RETURN]

  3b. The Pharisees taught that a man could divorce his wife for any reason, of for no reason at all. All he had to do was to obtain a get, a writ or certificate of divorce, from his local Beit Din. [RETURN]

4a. They didn’t realize they were speaking to the Creator of all things. See John 1:1-3. [RETURN]

4b. Genesis 1:27 [RETURN]

  5. Genesis 2:24 [RETURN]

  8. It was never HaShem’s intent that divorce should ever happen. However, knowing that men were hard-hearted and would divorce anyway, He instructed Moshe to require a get, or writ of divorce to be issued by the Elders (later the Beit Din) in order that the blameless woman be protected. In the Ancient Middle-East, women were property, had no rights, and could not work for a living. The get was intended to force the man to provide for her after he divorced her, but that requirement didn’t last very long. [RETURN]

  9. The only reason that God accepts for divorce is sexual immorality. Anyone who divorces for any other reason is still married in the eyes of God. Any and all sexual activity afterwards is adultery. And today we have a nearly 50% divorce rate among professing “Believers,” and even pastors and rabbis are divorcing for no grounds other than “irreconcilable differences” (which is nothing more than a “politically correct” way of saying “we simply don’t want to try to respect each other any longer”) and remarrying. HaShem will not hold them blameless. [RETURN]

16. It is of utmost eternal significance that every single time anyone asked Yeshua what they needed to do to have eternal life, He directed them to obey the teaching of Torah! At no place in any of the four Gospel accounts is it ever recorded that “Yeshua went up on a hill, and He sat down, and began to teach His disciples, ‘Believe in Me for the forgiveness of your sins, so that you can have a personal relationship with Me and go to heaven when you die.’” Nor is that message ever taught by any of the Apostles in the entire collection of Apostolic Writings (identified as the “New Testament” in Christian Bibles). That teaching is purely a human tradition of the Christian Church. [See “True” Gospel and How to Have Eternal Life.] [RETURN]

19a. Exodus 20:12-16; Deuteronomy 5:16-20 [RETURN]

19b. Leviticus 19:18 [RETURN]

20. He was clearly not telling the whole truth; while he may not have broken these specific mitzvot, it is impossible for him to have kept the entire Torah, as he was implying. [RETURN]

21a. Greek teleioß, teleios: brought to its end, finished; wanting nothing necessary to completeness; perfect; consummate human integrity and virtue; full grown, adult, of full age, mature. [RETURN]

21b. Many false teachers who live in multi-million dollar homes and have a fleet of very expensive cars teach that this means you need to sacrifice what you have and send it to them so they can have even more. This is a lie from the pit of hell, and they will face judgment for their false teaching — all of it! It does not even apply to everyone who would follow Yeshua. He was giving this one individual a very specific personal test so that this young man would realize what he valued more than anything else — that is, what he kept as his personal god. [RETURN]

21c. This does not mean that he would have treasure when he gets to heaven some day. It means that in heaven there are records kept of what we do on earth, and that he would have some entries in the “plus column” of his record. [RETURN]

24a. Some interpreters have tried to explain that somewhere in Jerusalem there was a small gate called “the needle’s eye” that could be used after the main city gates were locked for the night. However it was so small that a camel would have to be completely unloaded and then get down on its knees to crawl through this gate. Allegedly, this was so no armed invader could enter on horseback and attack the city. This makes a nice story, but there is no archaeological evidence that such a gate ever existed. Other interpreters say that “gamla” is the Aramaic word for camel, but that it has a secondary meaning of a large rope, which was apparently woven from camel’s hair. But the Hebrew word for camel is lmg, gamal, so why do we need to refer to the Aramaic language to propose another meaning? Why is it so difficult to simply accept the literal meaning of what Yeshua said — a literal camel and a literal needle, since he was obviously using hyperbole in any event? [RETURN]

24b. Here we see Yeshua using the terms “Kingdom of Heaven” in verse 23 and “Kingdom of God” in verse 24 synonymously. See the note on 3:2b. [RETURN]

25. Saved: Greek sozo, sozo, to be delivered from the penalties of the Messianic judgment; to be protected from the evils which obstruct the reception of the Messianic deliverance. They were asking, “If it is so hard for someone to to enter the Kingdom, then how is it possible for anyone to? [RETURN]

28a. Regeneration, Greek paliggenesia, paliggenesia, the renewal of the world to take place after its destruction by fire. (2 Pet 3:10) [RETURN]

28b. Greek doxa, doxa, splendour, brightness; magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace; most glorious condition, most exalted state; the kingly majesty which belongs to Him as supreme ruler, majesty in the sense of the absolute perfection of deity. [RETURN]


Originally posted on Sunday, 24 May 2020

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return