The Center for
Messianic Learning 

Unapologetically Pro-Torah
Unashamedly Pro-Israel
Irrevocably Zionist
“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week Chronology3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 20 ~

5. Parable of the Laborers (20:1-16)

1For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius[2] a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3He went out about the third hour,[3] and saw others standing idle in the marketplace. 4He told them, ‘You go into the vineyard also, and I will pay you whatever is right.’[4] So they went. 5Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour,[5] and did the same thing. 6About the eleventh hour[6] he went out, and found others standing idle. He asked them, ‘Why do you stand here all day idle?

7They said to him, ‘Because no one has hired us.’

He told them, ‘You to the vineyard, too, and I will pay you whatever is right.’ 8When evening had come, the owner of the vineyard said to his manager, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last group to the first.’

9When those who were hired at about the eleventh hour came, they each received a denarius. 10When the first group came, they assumed that they would receive more, but they also each received a denarius. 11When they received it, they complained to the landowner, 12‘These last group worked only an hour, and you have made them equal to those of us who have borne the brunt of the heat of the day!’

13But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I’m not being unfair to you. Didn’t you agree with to work today for a denarius? 14Take what’s yours, and go. I choose to give the last man just as much as I gave you. 15Don’t I have the right to do what I want to with what I own? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’[15] 16So the last will be first, and the first will be last. For many are called, but few are chosen.

6. The King Again Foretells His Death and Resurrection (20:17-19; Mark 10:32-32; Luke 18:31-34)

17As Yeshua was going up to YerushalayimJerusalem, He took the twelve disciplestalmidim aside, and on the way He said to them, 18Look, we are going up to Yerushalayim. And the Son of Man will be delivered to the Chief PriestsCohenim Gadolim and Scribes, Torah teachersSofrim. They will condemn Him to death, 19and will hand Him over to the Gentiles (Romans)Goyim to be mocked, scourged, and crucified. But He will be resurrected on the third day.

7. A Mother’s Request (20:28; Mark 10:35-45)

20Then the mother of the sons of ZebedeeZavdai approached Him with her sons. She knelt down to ask Him for something. 21What do you want?” He asked her.

She said to Him, “Promise me that my two sons may sit, one on Your right and the other on Your left in Your Kingdom.”[21]

22But Yeshua answered, “You don’t know what you’re asking. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink?

They said to Him, “We are able.”

23He said to them, “You will indeed drink My cup[23], but to sit at My right and left is not Mine to grant; it is for those for whom Father has prepared it.

24When the ten heard it, they were indignant with the two brothers.

25But Yeshua summoned them and said, “You know that the rulers of the nations become tyrants, and those in authority become dictators. 26It’s not to be like that among you. Rather whoever wants to become great among you must be your servant, 27and whoever wants to be first among you must be your slave, 28even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many.

8. Two Blind Men Restored (20:29-34; Mark 10:46-52)

29As they were leaving Jericho, a large crowd was following Him. 30There were two blind men sitting near the road, and when they heard that Yeshua was passing by, they cried out, “Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!” 31The crowd rebuked them and told them to be quiet, but they cried out even more, “Lord, have mercy on us, Son of David!”

32Yeshua stopped, called out to them, and asked, “What do you want Me to do for you?

33They told Him, “Lord, we want our eyes to be opened.”

34Moved with compassion, Yeshua touched their eyes; and immediately they regained their sight and followed Him.

Chapter 21


  2. The denarius was the principal silver coin of the Roman Empire, and was the standard daily wage for agricultural workers. [RETURN]

  3. Time was measured from sunrise to sunset, so the third hour would be about 9:00 AM. [RETURN]

  4. Notice that he did not set a specific wage. He said he would pay “whatever’s right” and the laborers trusted him to keep his word. [RETURN]

  5. About noon and 3:00 PM. [RETURN]

  6. About 5:00 PM [RETURN]

15. Just a note of practical application: do not discuss wages with your fellow employees in your workplace. Nothing good can come of it. You agreed to work for whatever you are being paid. What anyone else is getting paid cannot affect you in any way. [RETURN]

21. Next to the King, these two seats represented the greatest authority in the kingdom; the seat on the right was second only to the King in authority, the one on the left was next in authority. [RETURN]

23. They were both indeed martyred for His name. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Sunday, 24 May 1010

Page last updated on Tuesday, 29 June 2021 04:43 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
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Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return