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“… out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim.”
(Isaiah 2:3)

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Please read the Introductory Notes to this commentary.

For a glossary of unfamiliar terms, CLICK HERE. For assistance in
pronouncing Hebrew terms, a pronunciation guide is located HERE.

Introduction to the Gospels (Good News of the Kingdom) and Acts
Mattityahu (Matthew)  •  Mordichai (Mark)  •  Lukas (Luke)  • Yochanan (John)
Crucifixion Week ChronologyPassover and the Last Supper
3-Year Harmony of the Gospels1-Year Harmony of the Gospels  
Hitgalut (Revelation)  •  P’yilut HaShliyakim (Acts of the Emissaries)  •  The Chosen (Video Series)

The Good News of the Kingdom
According to

Yeshua, the Righteous King

~ 21 ~

VI. The King’s Last Week (Chapters 21 - 27)

A. The King Enters Jerusalem (21:1-11; Mark 11:1-10; Luke 19:29-38; John 12:12-19)

1As they were nearing YerushalayimJerusalem, they came to Beit-PageiBethphage,[1] near the Mount of Olives. Yeshua sent two talmidimdisciples, 2telling them, “Go into the village up ahead, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to Me. 3If anyone says anything to you, tell them, ‘The Lord needs them,’ and he will send them at once.

4This was done so what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled,

5“Tell the daughter of TziyonZion, Look! Your King is coming to you, riding humbly on a donkey; even on a colt, the foal of a donkey.”[5]

6So the talmidim went and did just as Yeshua instructed them. 7They brought the donkey and the colt, and laid their clothes on them; and Yeshua sat on them. 8Most of the crowd spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9The crowds who went before Him, and those who followed, kept shouting, “Please, Deliver us,[9a] Son of David! Baruch haba b'shem ADONAI![9b] [Blessed is He who comes in the name of ADONAI!] You in the highest heaven, please! Deliver us!”

10When He entered Yerushalayim, the whole city was stirred up, saying, “Who is this?” 11The crowds said, “This is the prophet, Yeshua, from Natzeret of the Galil.”[10]

B. Final Teaching in Jerusalem

1. The King Cleanses His Temple (21:12-17; Mark 11:15-18; Luke 19:45-47)

12Yeshua entered the Temple and drove out all of those who sold and bought in the Temple, and overthrew the money changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold the doves.[12] 13He said to them, “It is written, ‘My House shall be called a house of prayer,’[13a] but you have made it a den of robbers![13b]

14The blind and the lame came to Him in the Temple, and He healed them. 15But when the Chief PriestsCohenim Gadolim and the Scribes, Torah teachersSofrim saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying in the temple and saying, “Please, Deliver us, Son of David!” they were indignant, 16and said to Him, “Do you hear what these are saying?”

Yeshua said to them, “Of course! Haven’t you ever read, ‘From the mouth of children and infants you have prepared praise for yourself’?[16] 17Then He left them, and went out of the city into BethanyBeit-Anyah and spent the night there.

2. The Barren Fig Tree (21:18-22; Mark 11:12-14, Mk 20-26)

18The next morning, as He was returning to the city, He felt hungry. 19Seeing a fig tree by the road, He went up to it, and found nothing on it but leaves. He said to it, “May you never bear fruit again!” Immediately the fig tree dried up.[19] 20When the talmidim saw it, they were amazed, and asked Him, “How did the fig tree immediately wither away?”

21Yeshua answered them, “Truly I tell you, if you have faith, and don’t doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you told this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ it would be done. 22All things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.

3. The King’s Authority Challenged (21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)

23When he had come into the Temple, the Cohenim Gadolim and the elderszakenim of the people came to Him as he was teaching, and said, “By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?”[23]

24Yeshua answered them, “First I’ll ask you one question, and if you answer I’ll tell you by what authority I do these things. 25The immersion of Yochanan, where was it from? From heaven or from men?

They reasoned among themselves, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He’ll ask us, ‘Why didn’ you believe him, then?’ 26But if we say, ‘From men,’ we’d be in fear of the people, because they all hold Yochanan as a prophet.” 27They answered Yeshua, “We don’t know.”

He said to them, “So I won’t tell you by what authority I do these things.

4. Parable of Two Sons (21:28-32)

28But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, ‘Son, go work today in my vineyard.’ 29He answered, ‘I will not,’ but afterward he changed his mind, and went. 30He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered, ‘I go, sir,’ but he didn’t go. 31Which of the two did the will of his father?

They said to him, “The first.”

Yeshua said to them, “Most certainly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you. 32For Yochanan came to you in the way of righteousness, and you didn’t believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. When you saw it, you didn’t even repent afterward, that you might believe him.

5. Parable of the Homeowner (21:33-41; Mark 12:1-9; Luke 20:9-19)

33Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country. 34When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his fruit. 35The farmers took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another. 36Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they treated them the same way. 37But afterward he sent to them his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and seize his inheritance.’ 39So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40So when the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?[39]

41They told him, “He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season.”

6. Authority of False Priests Revoked (21:42-46)

42Yeshua said to them, “Did you never read in the Tanakh,

‘The stone which the builders rejected was made the primary cornerstone. This has come from ADONAI, and we consider it amazing’?[42]

43Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you [the priesthood], and will be given to the kind of people [the Shliachim, Apostles] who will produce its fruit.[43] 44He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whoever it will fall, it will scatter him as dust.

45When the Cohenim Gadolim and the PhariseesP'rushim heard his parables, they understood that He was speaking about them. 46When they set about to arrest Him, they became fearful of the crouds, because they considered Him a prophet.

Chapter 22


  1. Bethphage. A small village between Jericho and Jerusalem, close to Bethany, a Sabbath’s journey (ab0ut 1,000 yards or one kilometer) from Jerusalem. [RETURN]

  5. Zechariah 9:9 [RETURN]

9a. Greek wsanna, transliteration of Hebrew הושיעה נא, hôshia-nā', please deliver us. [RETURN]

9b. Psalm 118:26 [RETURN]

10. In order to fulfill the type of the Passover Lamb, these events had to occur on the 10th day of the Hebrew month Nisan (also called Abib). The lamb was to be taken into the house on the 10th day of the month and carefully examined for blemishes until the 14th day of Nisan, when the lamb was killed “at twilight.” We can therefore calculate that Yeshua entered Jerusalem on Saturday, the 10th of Nisan and was examined for blemishes “in the house” (the Temple was also called “the House” because ADONAI said, “My House will be called a House of Prayer for all nations”) for the required four days, then He was executed on Wednesday, the 14th of Nisan, not on Friday the 15th. In order to fulfill the “Sign of Jonah,” wherein Jonah was in the belly of the great fish for three days and three nights, or 72 hours, then He was buried just before sunset on Wednesday evening and was resurrected 72 hours later, on Saturday evening just at sunset. (Exodus 12:1-6) [RETURN]

12. When going to the Temple, an offering was required. For those traveling from outsite of Jerusalem, it was not practical to bring an animal for sacrifice, so animals were sold in the outer courts. However, only the Temple shekle could be used to purchase those animals, or to make a cash offering, so the money changers would exchange either foreign or local currency for the Temple shekle, at outrageous exchange rates. [RETURN]

13a. Isaiah 56:7 [RETURN]

13b. Jeremiah 7:11 [RETURN]

16. Psalm 8:2 [RETURN]

19. This should be an important lesson for self-proclaimed “believers” who do not produce the “fruit of repentance,” remembering that the definition of “repentance” is a return to God and His Torah. See Matthew 3:8-10. [RETURN]

23. Authority, Greek exousia, exousia, authority or permission. They wanted Yeshua to tell them which of the great rabbis had taught Him and authorized Him to teach. “Who ordained you?” They already knew the answer; they were only trying to discredit Him in the eyes of the people. [RETURN]

39. The Master Who planted the vinyard is HaShem, the vinyard is Israel, the fruit is the people of Israel who will turn to HaShem and the Torah, the farmers who were hired to tend it are the priests, the servants are the prophets who were murdered by the priests, the Son is Yeshua who the priests will also murder. [RETURN]

42. Psalm 118:22-23 [RETURN]

43. Those who teach the antisemitic heresy of supercessionism (replacement theology) teach that this verse is referring to Israel. A simple reading of the text within its context will prove that He was referring specifically to the corrupt priesthood. He took their authority from them and transferred it to the Apostles. [RETURN]

Originally posted on Monday, 25 May 2020

Page last updated on Monday, 22 August 2022 04:19 PM
(Updates are generally minor formatting or editorial changes.
Major content changes are identified as "Revisions”)

Anxiously awaiting Mashiach’s return

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